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  1. IMF: Rising 64% of Iraq's debt and low cash reserves causes and treatments .. March 20, 2017 The IMF announced on 18 / March / 2017, all of Iraq 's debt rising from 32% to 64% of GDP in the period 2014-2016, and a slowdown in credit growth and rising non -performing loans at state banks, with low cash reserves by $ 7 billion annually. And held the Iraqi authorities and experts of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) discussions in Amman , Jordan , during the period from 5-17 March 2017 on Article IV of the 2017 consultations, there will be a second review of the agreement toprepare the credit (SBA) with Iraq, amounting to a 36 - month, which was approved by the Executive Board of the international Monetary Fund on July 7 , 2016. in this context, the international Monetary Fund to prevent its employees from traveling to Iraq and manages all his works from its offices in the Jordanian capital ,Amman, and depends entirely on the figures and statements of the Iraqi state, issued by the Ministry of Finance, the Office of financial supervision, Central Bank. It aims to prepare the credit agreement to correct the balance of public finances and the balance of the external position, and improving public financial management, while protecting social spending. And the completion of the first review under the standby credit agreement on 5 December 2016. The head of the IMF Mission Christian coconut confirmed in a statement links for Research and Strategic Studies Centre received a copy of which is that the Iraqi economy suffered a great damage caused by the double shock caused by the organizing Daesh attacks on the one hand and low prices oil on the other hand; which is putting pressure on the country 's resources, and the occurrence of new waves of internal displacement, where the number of internally displaced more than four million people, and about 10 million poor people in need of humanitarian aid, or about 27% of the population of Iraq. According to the Fund 's statement, in 2016 there was a real growth is not an aesthetic GDP by 11% supported by a substantial increase in oil production , which benefited from previous oil investments, while the non - oil economy shrank by 8% due to conflicts and administrative corruption. The International Monetary Fund expects to keep the activity of the Iraqi economy in 2017 is idle, because of shrinking oil output 1.5% under the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries agreement (OPEC), and the modest recovery of the non - oil sector. The statement said the consequences and implications of lower oil prices on the Iraqi economy, including low cash reserves of 53.7 to 46.5 in 2015-2016, and the increase in large financial pressure as government deficits of 12% in 2016 arrived, due to continued weakness in oil prices, high humanitarian and security spending. " He said the atmosphere to the high public debt from 32% to 64%, in 2014-2016, the gross domestic product, and that the balance of external product and represents the ratio of net foreign cash flows (incoming -aforeigh) to GDP, is in a relatively comfortable position, The convenient indicators of Iraq by description box! Economists stressed that the balance of payments and budget revenues are facing a major financial crisis as a result of the sharp fall in oil prices, due to the large for adoption on oil revenues. And that the foreign reserves of the Central Bank of Iraq covers eight months only, from imports in the light of the continuing decline of the reserves through the window of corruption in the auction sale of the dollar, and imports that are not subject to censorship, which inevitably lead to imbalances in financial stability, and threatens the collapse of the Iraqi dinar exchange rate. But the biggest challenge is the accumulation of domestic debt and external in the light of the increasing economic obligations, resulting in credit growth and rising non - performing loans slowing down the state - owned banks and private banks in 2016. The Government has taken several financial correct policies mostly focus on reducing capital expenditures lacking efficiency while protecting social spending, and provide financing, asserting that continues to peg to the US dollar, provides a key pillar of the economy. Economist and adviser to the prime minister the appearance of Mohammed Saleh, believes that the reform policy of the government at the present time and the period ago, particularly in the retrenchment was one of the reasons for the collapse of the cash balance of the central bank, and is proven at this point , although the direct impact on the stop development and service activities. Saleh added that we are working with the IMF on the subject of his name DSA any debt sustainability or debt sustainability energy without affecting the country 's economic growth, or to engage in the risk of failures in the payment of debt service in the future, noting that despite the reassurance there are a lot of concerns in the medium term, and the requirements of reform on the current situation and that we agree on the difficulty of implementation under these current circumstances. He said the exchange rate peg to the dollar, which is an important basic foundation, noting that growth prospects will remain in the medium term modest because of the expected oil production constant, and the stability of its investment in the face of constraints on revenues, and the recovery modest in the non - oil growth, supported by the improvement of the security situation, and the implementation of reforms structural. The prime mission that Iraq needs more reforms to create fiscal space inclusive growth, and enhance the business environment, reduce corruption, and reform of the banking sector to support growth led by the private sector, and diversification in the economy, once launched the reconstruction process in post - regulation Daesh. " He stressed that "high - risk; and this is the basis stems from the uncertainty surrounding the prospects for oil prices, the security situation and political uncertainty, and a citizen of administrative weakness. " When reviewing the Special Fund statement of the Iraqi financial position No. 4/16, we find that it considered the fiscal adjustment for the period 2016-2019 correction appropriate to address the financial pressure from falling oil revenues and rising spending on humanitarian and security needs, but fiscal adjustment elements should be improved gradually, to allow investment spending a larger and more efficient, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive reform of the system of public financial management in order to improve fiscal discipline and raise the quality of spending. The statement added that the sharing of the budget with the Kurdistan Regional Government has improved and the Kurdistan Regional Government put the federal government , including allowing them to face Daesh and oil prices attacks agreement. And refers Press Release No. 16/321 The statement, issued by the Fund and the Iraqi private financial situation in 2016, that the Executive Board of the IMF approved the agreement credit to get ready with Iraq worth 3.831 billion and SDR (about 5.34 billion US dollars, or 230% of the share Iraq) to support the government 's economic reform program, and allow the Board 's approval and disbursement 455 million SDR (about 634 million US dollars) to Iraq. Iraq had happened in July 2015 to boost amounted to 891.3 million and SDR, what Adel 1.24 billion US dollars , the time of approval, through the "rapid financing tool." The aim of economic reform , which is supported by the standby credit agreement to meet the needs of the balance of urgent payments program, and access spending to a level consistent with the decline in world oil prices, and to ensure that debt remains within the limits can continue to carry around, and protect the poor, strengthening financial management, and to support the stability of the financial sector, and curb corruption; and requires the implementation of these policies the availability of support from the international community , said the IMF in a statement 16/540: "the average public finance program in 2016 and the draft 2017 budget came consistent with what is stated in the standby credit agreement, noting that it should be a gradual improvement of the elements fiscal adjustment, by increasing non - oil revenue and reduce current spending - including wages and pensions - and the reform of the electricity sector , payments, and support, and state - owned enterprises, to make way for an investment to spend a larger but more effective and efficient to support growth. And it includes support for the stability of the financial sector , strengthening the legal framework of the Central Bank of Iraq and the restructuring of state - owned banks ' actions, and the abolition of exchange restrictions, and implement measures to prevent money laundering, anti - terrorism, and strengthen anti - corruption law. The statement added: "It will be important to achieve a significant improvement in the management of public finances, re - evaluate and arrears paid after verification, and enhance cash management and spending obligations to prevent the accumulation of new arrears. "And it includes support for the stability of the financial sector , strengthening the legal framework of the Central Bank of Iraq and the restructuring of state - owned banks ' actions, and the abolition of exchange restrictions, and implement measures to prevent money laundering, anti - terrorism, and strengthen anti - corruption law. The statement said: "Implementation of the budget - sharing with the Kurdistan Regional Government to put both the Kurdistan Regional Government federal government in a better position to face the crisis facing the Iraqi economy agreement." He suggested the International Monetary Fund during the meeting held on 18.03.2017 several proposals hearing fiscal adjustment in Iraq; including economic and administrative reform to reduce corruption, strengthen and create the right environment for business and investment, and reform of the banking sector and diversification of economic any diversification of income sources, and support - led growth sector private, and especially that the country is on the verge of the reconstruction phase of post - war Daesh. Fund demanded the commitment to amend the Commission current Integrity Act in order to comply with the UN Convention against Corruption, and the new draft in the process of legislation and amending the Central Bank Act constitutes a strengthening of internal control of the financial operations, in line with World Bank standards and the International Monetary Fund as well as to prepare the credit of the Fund program follows the modified law of financial management, all of these amendments is to fight against corruption. Experts point to the insistence of the centers of power in Iraq to keep the corruption and chaos , especially in the financial aspect and administrative, which are manifestations: - inconsistencies in the preparation of the House of Representatives staff, as Chairman of the Finance Committee says the council MP Mohammed Halbusi number of employees 3,000 employees, while a member of the Finance Committee Rahim Darraji says that after a thorough statistical work shows they have 1950 employees; which means that there is a big difference is 1050 employees. - A statement to the Prime Minister Haider al - Abadi and former Defense Minister Khaled al - Obeidi, confirmed the existence of 40 000 space in the armed forces. - Allocation within the budget for 2017 , an amount of 588 million US dollars for endowments , although the Waqf Diwan , who is the source of the sources of national income, to spend on beneficiaries of social welfare has high entry through money Awqaf movable and immovable property left behind and still leave her benefactors of their money after the death, in their lives, as well as with proceeds from the shrines, and shrines, mosques, according to the Ministry of Education, the construction of a model school cost is billion Iraqi dinars , the equivalent of 844,000 US dollars, the budget endowments per day is enough to build two schools templates designed in the day any 720 schools a year. And the risks remain on the list because of the Iraqi economy , uncertainty or predict oil prices and the security situation, the political and administrative weakness in the country. He said the envoy that "Iraqi authorities and experts of the International Monetary Fund began discussions on the second review of the agreement to prepare the credit , " explaining that "discussions will continue during the coming spring meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in the period between April 21 to 23, 2017 in Washington , DC." Shatha Khalil Unit Economic Studies links Centre for Research and Strategic Studies
  2. Tomorrow: four "F16" aircraft flying in the skies of Iraq March 23, 2017 In the framework of the international coalition in the fight al Daesh in Iraq and in the context of strengthening the US-Iraqi relations in the era of Donald Trump management, links Centre for Research and Strategic Studies obtained specific information on that: it is due to the Iraqi government received 24 March / March of the US administration of four combat aircraft type "F16". These aircraft feature laser equipment not found in the "F16" aircraft in the Middle East. It is also characterized by the accuracy of such equipment in the micro-injury targets. This receipt comes to confirm that Iraq is a perspective of American decision makers important in the US Strategic perceived niche, and that there is a direct correlation is positive between Iraq's position in the US Strategic perceived and between US strategic directions in the Middle East, namely that the more the United States has succeeded in recognizing this status and its components properly handled positively succeeded in achieving its strategic objectives in the Middle East, while that whenever there was a failure to deal with them or misunderstanding important shortcoming reflected negatively on the possibility of achieving their objectives pivotal in it. This also comes DOORSTEP to emphasize that the Iraqi government and air forces which have regained the military and combat recover enjoys the confidence of US President Donald Trump management, due this trust the military achievements of the Iraqi government and its air force to cleanse Iraq of al Daesh war. Iraq despite all the difficult circumstances experienced by since 2003, and to this day, remains a pivotal state in the regional strategic equations and balances -mn difficult Tjahlha- in the Middle East The unity of the Iraqi Studies Links for Research and Strategic Studies Center
  3. Saudi Arabia plans to cancel previous debt on Iraq Arab and international Thursday, March 23, 2017 14:07 Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir Agencies: Revealed the Saudi foreign minister, Adel al-Jubeir, expressed his country's intention to cancel the previous debt owed by Iraq. He said that Saudi Arabia is seeking to open a flight route between Riyadh and Baghdad and Najaf in the framework of strengthening bilateral relations. He Alajabir- during a meeting in Washington with Iraqi Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari after a meeting of the anti-Daash- international coalition countries expressed satisfaction with the visit of the Iraqi diplomatic delegation to Riyadh, headed by Deputy Foreign Minister Nizar Khairallah, and described the visit as "good" and came to activate bilateral cooperation. In the same context, it said the Information Office of the Iraqi Foreign Ministry, on Thursday, it was during a meeting with al-Jaafari and al-Jubeir discussed developments in bilateral relations over the past period and ways to deepen and open new horizons for joint cooperation in all fields. The two sides agreed on the need for exchange of visits between officials of both countries, especially as minister of commerce and industry in the coming period; to increase the volume of trade and the size of investments. Jaafari stressed Iraq's desire to establish better relations with Saudi Arabia, he said that Iraq is still in need of financial support and humanitarian aid and the reconstruction of the infrastructure of the Iraqi cities after its liberation from the grip of the entire organization Daesh terrorist. The Iraqi Foreign Ministry has described the meetings of the delegation with Foreign Ministry officials Arabia in Riyadh - on Sunday, March 12 - as "a serious and in-depth", and addressed a number of important issues that focused on opening a new page of bilateral relations based on mutual trust. The two sides stressed the cooperation between the two countries in international and regional organizations and stop character inflammatory official statements and the exchange of high-level visits. He said Iraqi Foreign Ministry spokesman Ahmed Jamal said the Saudi side proposed the formation of a coordinating council Araca- Saudi during the talks on the reopening of border crossings direct air transport and to facilitate the procedures for the pilgrims and Iraqi pilgrims and visitors Saudis to Iraq, and it was addressed to opening prospects for cooperation in the field of oil refining, energy, and the reconstruction of liberated areas of the organization (Daesh) terrorist and encourage investment and the work of Saudi companies within Iraq as well as to find security coordination in the field of intelligence and information exchange. The Saudi foreign minister, Adel al-Jubeir visited Baghdad on Saturday, February 25 and met his Iraqi counterpart, Ibrahim al-Jaafari and senior Iraqi officials and discussed with them ways to promote bilateral relations to serve the interests of the two peoples and the efforts by the Iraqis efforts in the war against al (Daesh) terrorist and victories achieved and to emphasize the importance of cooperation and coordination to resolve the problems of the region. And welcomed Jaafari visited Jubeir especially as it was the first foreign minister of Saudi leader to Iraq since 2003, while Al-Jubeir said that the ties that bind the kingdom with Iraq and too many re-visit aimed bilateral relations back on track.
  4. Minister: the cost of the oil pipeline between Jordan and Iraq between 5 to $ 7 billion Oil pipeline will run from the city of Najaf, and along the border with Saudi Arabia leading to Aqaba - the image of Reuters Arabian Eye March 2017 13:24 23 Direct : The Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources , Jordan, on Thursday, said that the cost of the oil pipeline link between Jordan and Iraq , ranging from 5 to US $ 7 billion, according to a statement. He said Ibrahim Saif, according to a statement on the ministry's website, the pipeline will run from the city of Najaf, and along the border with Saudi Arabia leading to Aqaba. He pointed sword in the statement, that the pipe will be built in accordance with the build-operate-transfer system for a period of 15 to 20 years, adding that the return of ownership after the two countries. The minister predicted that the final decision is taken by the Iraqi government in the coming period, according to the statement. The Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources of Jordan and the former said in January 2014, said that the pipeline will work to solve a large part of the energy problem in Jordan , adding supplied to 150 thousand barrels per day. On the other side, it was agreed between the two countries at the end of February, on the adoption of standards for Jordanian goods exempt from customs when exported to Iraq , provided that such goods are of Jordanian origin.
  5. Cabinet Secretary: Government moving towards a free economy History of edits:: 3/23/2017 11:37 • 125 visits readable {Baghdad: Euphrates News} Secretary General of the Council of Ministers, said Mahdi Keywords, that the government is moving towards a free economy and activating the private sector. According to a statement of the Secretariat of the agency {Euphrates News} received a copy of it, said: " It I receive World Bank delegation headed by Mohammed Hassan Abdel Qader Chairman of the Group to improve the Bank in Iraq , the business environment, and during the meeting, offer a range of topics pertaining to the Iraqi economy and the environment of investment and location of the Iraq analogy global indicators of the economy and business. " The Secretary of the Council of Ministers, said that "there is a gap between the improvement and progress witnessed in the land of economic and investment reality in Iraq and the information - gathering mechanisms that feed these indicators and thus do not reflect an accurate assessment of the national effort and the international effort in this area." For his part , display Abdul Akadirbhsp statement "existing programs implemented by the World Bank in Iraq as a program to improve the work environment and the associated company registration processes and obtaining licenses and conclude contracts more efficiently according to international standards, also touched on the need for openness to the provinces and the development of investment Strategies optimal her like Basra" . For his part , Secretary General of the Council of Ministers, said that " the Iraqi government said moving toward a free economy and stimulate the private sector and the concomitant trend of procedural and legal amendments." Keywords and added, " The Secretariat will spare no effort to support Iraq 's highest rise on according to World Bank standards , " .anthy indicators
  6. First Published: 2017-03-23 Iraqis enjoy music in the neighborhoods of Mosul liberated After the expulsion of jihadists from the eastern neighborhoods of the city, Mohammed Mohsen displays a row of cylinders in light of the return to normal life gradually. Middle East Online 'Things here are good' MOSUL, Iraq - listening to music in Mosul was a crime not so long ago since he dominated the organization of the Islamic state of the city, but the jihadists were expelled from the eastern neighborhoods and trying Mohammed Mohsen cylinders vendor compensation for lost time. Mohammed platters and display on the sidewalk near the street in major cities of northern Iraq, which government forces recaptured in January eastern divided now trying to restore the western neighborhoods, including downtown. On the other side there are the university or what remains of them. University Corporation oldest and turned in Iraq before the occupation of the organization of the Islamic state of the conductor in 2014 was reduced to rubble by the fierce fighting. Compact discs stacked on a table sold wrapped a plastic lid and back mostly Iraqis for artists where they can purchase a Music Majed El Mohandes very famous singer in the Arab world. And Mohammed, thirty years of age resumed his activities a few weeks ago and trying to attract customers by broadcasting music Bob noisy from tiny speakers connected to the computer. This young man said, with black hair dark "music gives people happiness and denied them" under the organization of the Islamic state, and still recall the day when jihadists commanded him to stop his activities. He added, "They told me you stop your activities. All of this is banned music, songs and dance. It's things forbidden name of religion." He was heard a few hundred meters Explosions powerful source of western Mosul. He continued, "They took my item and Asitwanata and burned in the street." He said that listening to music while the control of the organization of the Islamic state, the city would have meant risking "that are summoned from the religious police and the exposure of the skin." He said: "Now thank God there is no longer Daesh and shops reopened." And regained the eastern section of the city, "the editor" normal life. The people in the streets cleared rubble left by the fighting in the tremendous task given the enormity of the destruction that scarred Iraq's second city. And dissolved the Iraqi media anywhere media organization the Islamic State of Iraq and the police instead of the extremist organization fighters. In addition to music, women can now roam unveiled while it was not permissible under the jihadists. Said Um Youssef "We had to cover our face (...) was not allowed to go outside unless accompanied by a man." Tea and cigarettes and TV Immediately after the expulsion of the organization of the Islamic state rushed Knits stores to display the colorful dresses that prevent jihadists group. There are modern women's underwear and pants and skirts printed flowers and even long dress printed with the words "Paris is always a good idea." Within walking distance is a small cafe where eating cups of black tea and local level. You can also smoke in the cafe while watching an American TV channel programs, all of which were banned under the organization of the Islamic state. The men exchanged banter and modern parties and trying to forget even for a moment the tragedy taking place in the other bank of the Tigris River and separates them from the west of Mosul. Said Mohammed Mahmoud, a head of a family in the 28-year-old "Things here are good, even if they need to clean up the city." "But there are in western Mosul, the war is still a circle."
  7. First Published: 2017-03-23 Civil mantle of the new Islamic parties in Iraq The religious parties in Iraq are trying to stop the political losses enter into the framework of the formation of a civilian gatherings after he failed to use religion to convince people Bjaddartha. Middle East Online Iraqi street, tired of religious parties BAGHDAD - peered Iraqi Parliament Speaker Salim al-Jubouri, in the twenty-sixth of February last from the screen one of the satellite TV to announce the formation is not linked to the Iraqi Islamic Party, a political entity to which it belongs and who came through to the highest position in the legislature of the country. It was not strange words Jubouri that the new political entity will not be directly linked to the old his party on the grounds that the establishment of new political movements and defections from the parties that protrudes from which this political or that has become a tradition by many of the characters, especially those that have high positions after winning elections in the hope of gold investment opportunity through its presence in the office for future gains higher. However, the new thing is to choose a civilian name is not an Islamic entity, which is expected to grant incorporation leave from the Independent Electoral Commission which chose Jubouri name (civil Congregation for Reform), citing the change in the political part, that circumstance found the country is moving towards a civil state legal foundations violates intellectual concepts Muslim Brotherhood (a movement that followed the Iraqi Islamic party ideologically). A conviction based on the new entity that summed up the Iraqi street, tired of the experience of Islamist parties, which have brought the country to what it is today from the security, political and economic chaos of what makes it imperative for the parties to comply with the desire of the Iraqi people to change radically. Abdul-Malik al-Husseini, media advisor for civil Grouping for Reform, says that "Islamist parties fought the experience is the experience of most of the political components and there are experiments succeeded and the other failed." He adds that the "pool is framed Islamic ideological framework or specific as much as his general objectives meet the needs of the Iraqi people." Needs of the Iraqi people expressed protest years ago, demanding political reform and rejecting corruption was barkers civil state first crossings for this need that I have a clear flaw in the experience of the Islamic parties. These parties in turn refused to recognize its failure easily, despite her belief that failure is a reality requires a change to remain Vote supporters of the civil state are dimmed for years in search of power to address the influence of Islamist parties of the ruling. Demonstrations began to claim draw the features of a civil state in Iraq in 2011 to face the repression of the security services and almost a wave of protests fade gradually after years prior to that, she persevered in Rehab Islamic trend radical felt the need to acknowledge the Islamist parties failing to Iraqi state management and pave the way for the return of state civil institutions. The entry of the Sadrist movement on the line of the protests explicitly claim civil state point milestone in the protest movement in this direction, the path to result from this development alliance is the first of its kind between the followers of civil movements and among the followers of Islamic trend remained for years a key partner in power, led by the Islamist parties, which will support civil currents in the fortunes of their demands in the future. Of course, civil Congregation for Reform, which announced its establishment House Speaker Salim al-Jubouri, is not the only political entity that decides to change his mantle of Islamic civil, as sources in the Department of affairs of political parties and organizations, electoral commission says it is considering numerous requests for the granting of the founding parties vacations titles a civilian. According to these sources, who preferred not to disclose the identity of many of the known orientations and affiliations political figures to the Islamist parties have submitted applications for the establishment of a civilian leaning parties and the reason is apparently unwilling to fight Islamic parties try again with public alienation from them. However, there are some big Islamic parties are still betting on the chances to get broad support from the public are paid to keep the well-known by political entities with the creation of other entities synonymous carrying civilian indefinitely in an attempt to invest in them and compensate potential losses of Islamic parties in the upcoming electoral benefits. While other parties have chosen the term national compromise to distance itself from any consequences of ill-considered Islamic and civil Msmyin. Observers and political affairs in Iraq and believes that these attempts may not lead to positive results, especially since the Iraqi citizen is still not convinced the performance of these parties even if they changed their orientation. The director of the Republican Center for Security and Strategic Research Moataz Mohi Hamid said that "this change is to get closer again of the Iraqi citizen, but in return are very clever and know that these parties do not serve whatever the denomination." It is believed Abdul Hamid and like many of the educated elite will have a role in the upcoming electoral votes that will determine which of the characters that will represent the local councils and the House of Representatives. But the positive opinion of many that the political parties in Iraq began to respond, even if only superficial to the demands of the people as seen writer and political analyst Rahim al-Shammari. He says al-Shammari said that "the formation of a civilian trend may reflect a radical change in the orientation of the Islamic parties or it may be just another face to these parties that want to win the satisfaction of the people and the religious authority, where the demands are clear in the previous period that the civil state are held in Iraq." (Talk)
  8. CBI sales soar 290 thousand dollars Sale amounts transferred to the accounts of banks abroad at a price of 1190 dinars per dollar - the image of Reuters Arabian Eye March 23, 2017 13:39 Direct : During the auction on Thursday , the Iraqi Central Bank sales of foreign currency rose to 164.38 million versus $ 164.09 million on Wednesday , an increase of 290 thousand dollars, according to a statement of theCentral. Central said in a statement, that the exchange rate was 1182 dinars per dollar at the auction was held with the participation of 35 banks and 11 financial transfer company. He noted the bank said in the statement, that the size of the amounts sold to strengthen the banks assets abroad amounted to $ 119 million, while the sales amount in cash of $ 45.38 million. Central said in a statement that the sale amounts transferred to accounts in banks abroad be priced at 1190 dinars per dollar, and the cash sales shall be at the same price.
  9. Deputy from the Party Solution: Abadi visit to Washington will result in a consensual political alliances (Details) 23-03-2017 01:43 PM Hits: 353 East News - MP from the Party of the solution and member of the parliamentary security and defense Mutaiota Ali, on Thursday, that the next phase will result in a consensual political alliances. Mutaiota said in a press statement, said that "al - Abadi 's visit in Washington will receive Bdilalha on the political process by opening up new horizons and create partnerships between the political blocs in accordance with the new approach is in the interest of the political process in Iraq." He Mutaiota, that " the results of the visit will overshadow all the political components , especially that Iraq is entering the final stages of the war against the terrorist organizations of Bdaash terrorist, and the consequent this stage of the rebuilding of areas affected by terrorism and re - displaced people to their home areas."
  10. Getting Closer Let's hope it a and GM DV
  11. Sabri: the deterioration of the Iraqi economy, prompting the government external borrowing Last updated: March 23, 2017 - 14:20 Baghdad / Iraq News Network spokesman for the office of Prime Minister Saad al-Hadithi, on Thursday, that Iraq's imports fell by 70% or more of what it was before the formation of the current government, forcing it to resort to borrowing political Alforeig.oukal newborn in a press statement today: "the reason for asylum Iraq into a political external borrowing is the decline in Iraq's imports increased by 70% or more from what it was before the formation of the current government because of the serious decline in oil prices," he said, adding "the previous period oil sold above $ 30 and the cost of producing companies $ 10 for each barrel and what is left a little part. "he added," Iraq has resorted to foreign loans when he signed on the standby credit in July of last year and the router got soft loans from the international Monetary Fund and the World Bank, "Mushir that" those loans ratio of benefits to exceed Al1,5%, which is from lower loan interest rate obtained by Iraq. "he pointed out that" those loans did not include preconditions and also we did not impose external economic will and he will not be subject to Iraq's economy at all, being a very long repayment period and interest rate of a few. "and on the donor countries , said Sabri, said that "Iraq received aid from countries Germany, Japan, Italy and the European Union and the United States, where the money is spent within the framework of the donor program spending by international organizations and institutions, humanitarian belonging to the donor countries namely that Iraq did not receive payments from the practice at all." , pointing out that "the Iraqi government in turn provide visions and projects and effort logistics to take advantage of these grants," .otoqa newborn, the advancement of the economy of Iraq during the period of the "four or five years to come due to the government's orientation to prepare an ambitious program to diversify the economy and to follow a rational policy in consumption and retrenchment and government spending and the trend towards alternative sources of oil. "
  12. Dawa Party: Abadi, will run for a second term Last updated: March 23, 2017 - 13:42 Baghdad / Iraq News Network MP for comprehensive call Khip Ameri Party, on Thursday, convinced his party and all regional parties on the candidacy of Prime Minister Haider al - Abadi for a second term in the upcoming elections, noting that al - Abadi plans to form a large block cross-sectarian. Amery said in a press statement today: " The call convinced and all regional parties on the party nominates Prime Minister Haider al - Abadi for a second term to head the government , " adding that "what we achieved Abadi qualifies him to be prime minister again." He said al - Amiri, that " the next stage carry a lot of surprises and changes , notably al - Abadi 's determination to form a large block cross-sectarian." The Prime Minister Haider al - Abadi said earlier he does not intend to run for the upcoming parliamentary elections or run for prime minister again.
  13. News and announcements To / licensed banks all ( to meet the buying and selling of foreign currency standards ) 03/23/2017
  14. PROJECT INFORMATION DOCUMENT (PID) IDENTIFICATION/CONCEPT STAGE I. Introduction and Context Country Context Iraq has seen its development thwarted by decades of conflict and economic decline, with twin crises of oil price declines and the ISIS insurgency being the latest expression of deep-rooted structural challenges and fragility. Today it is an Upper Middle-Income, resource-rich, yet conflict-riven country. Historically, Iraq has periodically witnessed, as it does today, internal and regional struggles seeking to align political institutions across the country with a diversity of socio-economic religious cross-cutting identities. Progress on the twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity is inevitably an uphill struggle in such a context. In 2014, the twin crises are estimated to have erased the reduction in poverty achieved between 2007 and 2012, raising the poverty headcount to 22.5 percent and pushing an additional three million people into poverty. More than 4 million Iraqis have been displaced by the country’s various conflicts. In recent times, oil prices have recovered to some extent and there has been progress in the fight against ISIS. However, Iraq’s multifaceted fragility leaves it vulnerable to shocks. Iraq’s undiversified economy remains under pressure owing to the ongoing conflict, and the sharp drop in oil revenues since mid-2014. After a strong growth at an average of 9 percent during 2010-13, Iraq’s economy decelerated to 0.1 percent in 2014, mainly driven by the conflict-led contraction in the non-oil sector. In 2015, the economy grew at 2.9 percent on the back of a 19.4 percent increase in oil production (this also includes KRG’s oil production share). Growth is expected to have reached 10 percent in 2016 sustained by continued strong oil production. The non-oil economy sharply contracted because of the disruption of trade, destruction of infrastructure, impeded access to fuel and electricity, and low business confidence Compounding the country’s fragility is the sharp and sustained drop in oil prices that has severely impacted Iraq’s non-diversified and oil-dependent economy. Iraq has the fifth largest proven crude oil reserves in the world with 141.4 billion barrels. With the rapid increase in production in 2015 and 2016, the country is now the world’s third largest and OPEC’s second largest oil exporter. With 112 trillion cubic feet of proven reserves, Iraq’s proven and largely untapped natural gas reserves are the twelfth largest in the world. The oil and gas sector dominates the economy, even by regional standards. The sector accounts for over 65 percent of GDP, more than 90 percent of central government revenue, and 98 percent of the country’s exports. The fall in oil prices, which have dropped to between one third and one half of their June 2014 level, has resulted in a sharp and large deterioration of the country’s public finances and external balance. Sectoral and Institutional Context Iraq is the second largest gas flaring country in the world, while at the same time it suffers from a shortage of natural gas for which it incurs large fiscal and balance of payments costs. Shortages of natural gas are especially acute in power generation. On November 1, 2016, Iraq endorsed the World Bank’s “Zero Routine Flaring by 2030” initiative, which is a welcome and positive development. To date, however, more than 60 percent of the country’s gas production continues to be flared in-field because of inadequate contractual and regulatory frameworks for investment in the gathering, treatment, processing, and transport of natural gas. Flaring of gas contributes to climate change and impacts the environment through emission of CO2, black carbon and other pollutants. It also wastes a valuable energy resource that could be used to advance the sustainable development of producing countries. Flaring generates significant air pollution and carbon release, the shortage of deliverable gas imposes significant economic and fiscal costs and precludes the introduction of efficient combined-cycle power plants and the development of industries that depend on gas feedstock and gas fuel. Reductions in flaring and the equivalent displacement of oil, heavy fuel oil (HFO), and diesel generation by natural gas would decrease Iraq’s CO2 emissions— which currently stand at around 140 million tons per year—by approximately 12 million tons per year, equivalent to Guatemala’s and slightly lower than Kenya’s total emissions in 2014. The amount of gas currently flared represents an annual economic loss approximately equivalent to US$2.5 billion and would be sufficient to meet most of Iraq’s unmet needs for gas-based power generation. Current production and gas flaring volumes amount to roughly 2.8 bscfd (billion cubic feet per day) and 1.7 bscfd, respectively. While installed gas-based generation capacity is close to 15,000 MW, gas-based peak load supply did not surpass 6,000 MW in 2015 due to restrictions in gas deliverability. It is estimated that currently flared gas volumes would be sufficient to support an incremental generation capacity of roughly 8.5 GW. This is particularly significant, given Iraq’s severe electricity shortages, whose cost is estimated to exceed US$40 billion annually (INES report, 2013). Shortages of natural gas have also led to the use of (expensive and for some parts imported) fuel, which costs the country an estimated US$6 billion to US$8 billion per year. The volume and the proportion of flared gas are expected to increase in the absence of effective measures to capture it and to support increased gas utilization. Iraq’s continued increases in oil production would result in further increases in flaring and waste unless measures are undertaken to capture, process and transport associated natural gas. The government needs to take action to help internalize the costs of currently flared gas and capture the economic and social benefits that can accrue from increased private investment in gas capture, processing, and transmission infrastructure, from reduced flaring and waste and from increased electricity generation. Iraq joined the Global Gas Flaring Reduction Initiative in 2011 (the second country after Qatar) and created the Basra Gas Company (BGC) in 2013 to capture, process, and monetize associated natural gas from its giant southern oil fields. BGC has recently attained a raw gas processing record of well above 600 MMscfd and an LPG production of 3,300 tons per day. Iraq’s natural gas has a significant LPG content, which, if properly processed, can be compressed and bottled for distribution for household use in cooking and heating. As a result of increased gas processing by the BGC, and having faced acute shortages of LPG until recently, Iraq reinitiated exports of gas condensates and LPG in March and July of 2016, respectively. Despite being an energy-rich country, Iraq continues to suffer from chronic and pervasive shortages of electricity, which during the summer of 2015 contributed to social unrest. Inadequate electricity supply has been persistently pointed to as a top concern among Iraqi households. Inefficiencies in the power sector also impose significant fiscal and balance of payments costs and an economic burden on Iraq. At the same time, Iraq is the second largest gas flaring country in the world. To date, more than 60 percent of the country’s gas production continues to be flared in-field because of inadequate contractual and regulatory frameworks for investment in the gathering, treatment, processing, and transport of natural gas. Flaring of gas contributes to climate change and impacts the environment through the emission of CO2, black carbon and other pollutants. It also wastes a valuable energy resource that could be used to support its energy needs and a sustainable economic development. Flaring generates significant air pollution and carbon release, the shortage of deliverable gas precludes the introduction of efficient combined-cycle power plants and the development of industries that depend on gas feedstock and gas fuel. Reductions in flaring and the equivalent displacement of oil, heavy fuel oil (HFO), and diesel generation by natural gas would decrease Iraq’s CO2 emissions—which currently stand at around 140 million tons per year—by approximately 12 million tons per year, equivalent to Guatemala’s and slightly lower than Kenya’s total emissions in 2014. The amount of gas currently flared represents an annual economic loss approximately equivalent to US$2.5 billion and would be sufficient to meet most of Iraq’s unmet needs for gas-based power generation. Current production and gas flaring volumes amount to roughly 2.8 Bscfd (billion cubic feet per day) and 1.7 Bscfd, respectively. While installed gas-based generation capacity is close to 15,000 MW, gas-based peak load supply did not surpass 6,000 MW in 2015 due to restrictions in gas deliverability. It is estimated that currently flared gas volumes would be sufficient to support an incremental generation capacity of roughly 8.5 GW. This is particularly significant, given Iraq’s severe electricity shortages, whose cost is estimated to exceed US$40 billion annually (INES report, 2013). Shortages of natural gas have also led to the use of (expensive and for some parts imported) fuel, which costs the country an estimated US$6 billion to US$8 billion per year. The volume and the proportion of flared gas are expected to increase in the absence of effective measures to capture it and to support increased gas utilization. Iraq’s continued increases in oil production would result in further increases in flaring and waste unless measures are undertaken to capture, process and transport associated natural gas. The government needs to take action to help internalize the costs of currently flared gas and capture the economic and social benefits that can accrue from increased private investment in gas capture, processing, and transmission infrastructure, from reduced flaring and waste and from increased electricity generation. Iraq joined the Global Gas Flaring Reduction Initiative in 2011 (the second country after Qatar) and created the Basra Gas Company (BGC) in 2013 to capture, process, and monetize associated natural gas from its giant southern oil fields. BGC has recently attained a raw gas processing record of well above 600 MMscfd and an LPG production of 3,300 tons per day. Iraq’s natural gas has a significant LPG content, which, if properly processed, can be compressed and bottled for distribution for household use in cooking and heating. As a result of increased gas processing by the BGC, and having faced acute shortages of LPG until recently, Iraq reinitiated exports of gas condensates and LPG in March and July of 2016, respectively. In October 2015, the Government assumed commitments to eliminate routine gas flaring by 2030 [per Council of Ministers’ Decision 370 in 2015] and, on November 1, 2016, endorsed the World Bank’s “Zero Routine Flaring by 2030” initiative. Meeting these targets will require establishment of a solid natural gas policy and supportive contractual and regulatory frameworks for investment. Iraq’s progress in reducing gas flaring has so far remained limited, however, and it is critically dependent on increasing processing capacity around the Basra petroleum hub in the south, where the largest five fields account for 65 percent of currently flared volumes. At present, no more than 750 MMscfd of natural gas are allocated to power generation because of supply, treatment, and logistical constraints. Because of the need to strictly prioritize cash allocations, the government has incurred large arrears to its suppliersof gas used for power generation. For the same reason, it made limited progress in 2016 in expanding gas capturing and processing capacity, which remains below the DPF I target of 1,070 MMscfd by Q1 2017. No specific legal, institutional or regulatory framework for exploration, production, gathering, processing, transport or marketing of natural gas exists in Iraq at present. Current Technical Service Contracts for oil production do not contain any provisions with respect to natural gas other than to establish the operator’s obligation to transfer control / ownership of raw, unprocessed gas to government/NOCs at no cost. Because of budget restrictions, NOCs have been unable to make necessary investments in gas gathering, processing and transport infrastructure. Oil and gas operators have expressed an interest in making the necessary investments to tackle flaring, but are prevented from moving forward by existing contractual limitations. Severe budget limitations and security demands will continue to be confronted by the GoI in the foreseeable future; this makes it unlikely that the expenses involved in the development of an integral contractual and regulatory framework for natural gas or that investments in needed gathering, processing and transport capacity will be prioritized among planned expenditures. If the targets and commitments assumed under the Iraq Emergency Fiscal Stabilization, Energy Sustainability, and SOE DPF (P155962, December 2015) and the gas sector component objectives of the Second Expenditure Rationalization, Energy Efficiency and State-Owned Enterprise Governance Program DPF (P161167, 20 December 2016) are to be fulfilled -including flaring reductions to zero by 2030 and increasing gas-to-power allocations-, investment flows into gas gathering, processing and transport capacity will need to come from the private sector. Technical Assistance to develop the appropriate framework to attract and sustain them will need to be quickly provided. The following World Bank interventions on gas sector reform are currently ongoing: I. IQ: RAS for the Structuring of the Gas Value Chain and Gas Marketing (P148220) The activity, initiated October 2015, has two main components and includes the following activities and outputs: 1. Baseline and forecast of the Iraq's gas industry. Carrying out an analysis of Iraq's gas industry with particular focus on institutional, legal, regulatory, policy, commercial and contractual frameworks. 2. Benchmarking and Gap Analysis. Carrying out a comparative review and assessment of different development models followed by other gas producing countries. 3. Recommendations. Develop a set of policy recommendations to strengthen Iraq's gas industry's institutional, legal, regulatory, commercial and contractual frameworks. 4. Capacity building. Carrying out a training program designed to build the capacity of Iraq's officials including staff of Iraq's institutions and marketing entities, II. Second Expenditure Rationalization, Energy Efficiency and State-Owned Enterprise Governance Program DPF (P161167) The DPF II established specific objectives and a timeline to (1) reduce natural gas flaring, (2) allocate captured natural gas for the urgently needed expansion of gas-based power generation, and (3) establish basic conditions and concrete guidance for private investment in natural gas gathering, processing and transport. The DPF II’s gas sector component aims to establish a core contractual and regulatory framework that enables private investment in those activities. The following were agreed with the GoI as DPF II prior actions and triggers: 1. Adoption of a contractual framework for private sector investment for the capture, processing, transport and commercialization of currently flared gas; 2. Operationalization of the Inter-Ministerial Gas-to-Power Committee (created under the 2015 DPF I); 3. Introduction of a core/basic set of regulations conducive to private sector investment in gas infrastructure. A request for TA from the Minister of Oil was submitted to the Bank on September 8, 2016 to support the Ministry in meeting the criteria for the DPF triggers, including the following: A. Introduction of a core/basic framework conducive to private sector investment in natural gas development, including an assessment of existing legal and regulatory conditions and recommendations on their future development. B. Operationalization of the Gas-to-Power Committee created by Council of Ministers’ decision of December 2015 by developing a Five Year (2017-2022) Gas-to-Power Action Plan for implementation of a flaring-reduction, gas-to-power program. Relationship to CAS/CPS/CPF The proposed TA responds to high level objectives in the Country Partnership Strategy (years 2013- 2016) . In particular: CPS Result Area 2: Supporting Economic Diversification for Broadly-Shared Prosperity: “enhancing the environment for private sector development”, “Investment Climate Assessment (ICA) identified several reform areas that should be undertaken to address the major concerns of firms in Iraq: Electricity is a top constraint”, “improve the quality and delivery of its core infrastructure services through a combination of investments and institutional development… In the energy sector, this includes support for the Iraq National Energy Strategy (INES) , as well as analytical work and technical assistance on policy, strategy, governance and institutional development in the power and gas sectors”. . II. Project Development Objective(s) Proposed Development Objective(s) Support Government of Iraq in the preparation 5-yr Gas-to-Power Action Plan to plan Key Results i. Preparation of a 5-yr Gas-to-Power Action Plan to plan, prioritize and coordinate gas-to-power infrastructure investments between MoO, MoE and MoF. . III. Preliminary Description Concept Description The proposed activity consists of the preparation of a 5-Year Gas-to-Power Action Plan (2018-2022) to plan, prioritize, coordinate and fund gas-to-power infrastructure investment requirements between Ministry of Oil, Ministry of Electricity and Ministry of Finance. Essential coordination between the Ministry of Oil and the Ministry of Electricity is limited at present. The proposed Action Plan is expected to address the planning, coordination and funding of a phased transition from the current power generation mix of predominantly crude, heavy crude, and LFO to the increased use of natural gas as the lowest cost technology in both open-cycle (OCGTs) and combined-cycle gas turbines (CCGTs). The proposed Action Plan is expected to address the following: i. an identification and volume estimation of existing and expected gas flares and their location ii. a prioritization, initial economic assessment and location of required natural gas capture, gathering and processing infrastructure requirements including their indicative expected investment costs iii. a prioritization and initial economic assessment of projected gas-based power generation options, their location and indicative expected investment costs, including the re-conversion to natural gas of existing plants currently using alternative fuels and the incorporation of new gas-based facilities iv. an assessment of the condition of existing natural gas transport pipelines v. a prioritization and initial economic assessment of existing natural gas transport infrastructure refurbishment and projected new capacity needs in support of (ii) and (iii) above vi. an assessment of options to attract private interest and capital for natural gas capture, processing, transport and gas-to-power investments within the framework of the ongoing RAS and DPF II PSP-led conceptual approach, including the convenience/feasibility of conducting licensing international tenders in support of program investment goals
  15. The Global Coalition - Working to Defeat ISIS Fact Sheet Office of the Spokesperson Washington, DC March 22, 2017 Since its formation in 2014, the Global Coalition has worked diligently to reduce the threat ISIS poses to international security and our homelands. Coalition members are united in common cause to defeat ISIS through a robust approach, including working by, with, and through local partners for military operations; supporting the stabilization of territory liberated from ISIS; and, enhancing international cooperation against ISIS’ global objectives through information sharing, law enforcement cooperation, severing ISIS’ financing, countering violent extremist recruitment, and neutralizing ISIS' narrative. The Coalition is also engaged in broad-based civilian efforts to provide humanitarian aid to communities suffering from displacement and conflict, and supporting stabilization efforts in territory liberated from ISIS. The Coalition’s combined efforts have diminished ISIS’ military capability, territorial gains, leadership, financial resources, and on-line influence. The 68-member Global Coalition is the largest international coalition in history. It is a diverse group, in which each member makes unique contributions to a robust civilian and military effort. THE MILITARY CAMPAIGN Twenty-three Coalition partners have over 9,000 troops in Iraq and Syria in support of the effort to defeat ISIS. Working by, with, and through our local partners, the Coalition has made significant progress in denying ISIS safe haven and building the military capacity of those engaged in direct action against ISIS. Coalition operations have liberated 62 percent of the terrain ISIS once controlled in Iraq and 30 percent in Syria, including key cities in both countries. The number of ISIS fighters in Iraq and Syria is at its lowest level since the group declared its “caliphate,” down by more than half since its peak in 2014. Coalition air assets have conducted more than 19,000 strikes on ISIS targets, removing tens of thousands ISIS fighters from the battlefield and killing over 180 senior to mid-level ISIS leaders, including nearly all of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi's deputies, his so-called ministers of war, information, finance, oil and gas, and his chief of external operations. Beyond fighters, these precision airstrikes are targeting ISIS external attack plotters, military commanders, administrative officials, facilitators, and communicators, as well as its energy assets, command and control facilities, and bulk cash storage facilities. The Coalition has supported our Iraqi partners to achieve significant progress in the fight to retake Mosul. Iraqi Security Forces officially liberated eastern Mosul on January 24, 2017 and now are making significant territorial gains in the western portion of the city. To date, Coalition efforts have trained nearly 90,000 Iraqi Security Forces members, including Iraqi Army soldiers, Counterterrorism Services soldiers, Kurdish Peshmerga, federal police and border security soldiers, and tribal volunteers. Coalition members have also donated some 8,200 tons of military equipment to our Iraqi and local Syrian partners in the fight against ISIS. With the support of the Coalition, our Syrian partners have liberated over 14,000 square kilometers of terrain in Syria, including more than 7,400 square kilometers of territory since isolation operations around Raqqa began on November 5. We are now pressuring ISIS in Raqqa, its external operations headquarters, from where ISIS is plotting against Coalition member interests around the globe. Turkish-led and Coalition-supported operations have also cleared more than 2,000 square kilometers of territory, including removing ISIS off the remainder of the Turkey-Syria border, cutting off a critical transit route for foreign fighters to Europe. As part of these efforts in Syria, the Coalition has helped train thousands of Syrians who have joined the fight to defeat ISIS. THE CIVILIAN EFFORT STABILIZATION, HUMANITARIAN, AND ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE Since 2014, Coalition members have provided more than $22.2 billion in stabilization, demining capabilities, economic support, and humanitarian assistance in Iraq and Syria – all of which guard against a resurgence of ISIS. Last July, at the Iraq Pledging Conference held in Washington, partners pledged more than $2.3 billion for humanitarian assistance, stabilization, and demining in Iraq. The Coalition expects to raise approximately $2 billion for these efforts in Iraq and Syria for 2017. Coalition support for stabilization programs is crucial as we seek to hold terrain taken from ISIS and provide for people in liberated areas. Support for stabilization efforts is a strategic investment in the fight against ISIS. As a result of this support, local partners in Iraq are holding ground against ISIS, restoring services, clearing schools and clinics of explosive remnants of war and improvised explosive devices, helping families return home once they are ready, providing security, and contributing to re-establishing the rule of law in liberated areas. ISIS criminals have perpetrated some of the worst international crimes the world has seen in decades and members of the Coalition are documenting these atrocities and working toward holding members of ISIS accountable. Iraq has requested additional assistance to support domestic capacity in pursuing accountability. Internationally, coalition partners are exploring ways to also hold ISIS members accountable for international crimes such as genocide and crimes against humanity with international investigative mechanisms. The United Nations Development Program (UNDP), working on the ground in Iraq with local partners, has implemented more than 350 projects to date, all of which have achieved their intended objectives on time and at cost. The first projects for Mosul have already started in the outskirts, and $43 million in prepositioned equipment is being deployed. The provision of civilian security by trained police is also critical to the stabilization effort. Five countries have joined the Italian-led effort to train more than 7,000 Iraqi police to date, now graduating approximately 900 new police officers each month. Iraq’s central government has proven its improved capacity to handle a range of important issues, to include supporting local governance, maintaining security, providing electricity and other essential services, managing the economy, defending its territorial integrity, and upholding the rights of all Iraqis irrespective of their ethnicity, gender, religion, or beliefs. Iraq’s success in rehabilitating liberated communities is due in part to the partnership it forged with Coalition members that has enabled the UNDP to provide more than $240 million in stabilization programs over the last two years. In Iraq, the Coalition supports and enables Government of Iraq-led military operations to ensure that cities are liberated and secured in a sustainable manner. By working with the United Nations and in partnership with the Government of Iraq, aid organizations have worked to ensure that humanitarian assistance is staged prior to military operations and in preparation for outflows of internally displaced persons (IDPs). By pre-positioning emergency assistance, identifying local hold forces to provide post-ISIS security, establishing a demining capacity, and implementing quick-impact stabilization projects, we have seen a significant reduction in Iraq’s IDP population and helped create conditions that facilitate voluntary, safe, and dignified IDP returns. In total, more than 1.5 million Iraqis have returned to their homes. UN stabilization projects, funded by Coalition partners, have helped set the conditions for the return of more than 500,000 IDPs to Anbar Province alone, including to the cities of Ramadi and Fallujah. In eastern Mosul and surrounding areas, more than 70,000 IDPs have returned voluntarily to their homes, the Ninewa Provincial Council has also returned, and the UN has initiated stabilization operations. We will continue to provide humanitarian assistance to those in need throughout the country while stabilization programs are ongoing. Ten Coalition Members are on tap to meet one-third of Iraq’s demining costs through 2018. Canada, Denmark, and Germany provided generous funding that has allowed Janus Global Operations to clear an estimated 1.7 million square meters of at least 21,248 kilograms of explosive hazards in Iraq’s Anbar Province. UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) is similarly working to demine liberated areas, while also focusing on building local demining capacity. Janus and UNMAS have coordinated closely with UNDP and the Government of Iraq to support stabilization planning for Mosul. As the Coalition-backed forces make rapid progress in military operations to isolate Raqqa, we are applying lessons learned from Mosul to facilitate the stabilization of liberated territories in Syria. Since the start of the Coalition-supported Raqqa campaign last November, military operations have generated approximately 35,000 IDPs. Approximately 27,000 have already returned home following expeditious clearance operations by Coalition-supported C-ISIS forces. The majority of IDPs continues to flee towards, and seek refuge in, areas cleared by Coalition-supported forces, where they have been assisted by host communities and supported by NGOs. The UN and NGO partners have provided assistance to tens of thousands of IDPs in this area since November. Humanitarian and stabilization efforts are also reaching civilian populations in the liberated cities of Jarabulus and Manbij. In Manbij alone, the Coalition facilitated the delivery of more than 200 metric tons of food to 2,400 families. With Coalition support, over 200 schools have been cleared of explosive remnants of war, 400 schools have reopened, over 70,000 children are back in school, markets are open and bustling, and local medical and social services have resumed. There is now a longer-term effort by a commercial partner to survey, mark, and clear key infrastructure areas in Manbij, while simultaneously training a local Syrian capacity. We intend to expand this project to cover the road to Raqqa and, eventually, Raqqa City. MULTILATERAL INITIATIVES TO COUNTER A GLOBAL THREAT ISIS has deliberately fostered interconnectedness among its scattered branches, networks, and supporters, seeking to build a global organization. It continues to provide guidance and funds its branches and networks, has carried out attacks well beyond the territory it directly controls, and retains a robust online presence. Coalition partners have recognized the importance of being networked together to effectively counter this global threat and coordinate efforts to disrupt and degrade ISIS activities. Coalition members and other partners have taken steps to strengthen their capacity to share information, while building and reinforcing partnerships with multi-national organizations like INTERPOL and EUROPOL, and among national agencies like Financial Intelligence Units. In addition to humanitarian and stabilization assistance, the United Nations has developed a Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism, and nations around the world are working to implements its recommendations. The Coalition is also pressing for full implementation of multiple UN Security Council resolutions requiring states to take certain actions against ISIS, such as preventing arms transfers or the provision of funds. The Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF) has developed a series of initiatives, training programs, and global good practices to address the lifecycle of a violent extremist. Such steps are essential to curbing ISIS’ ability to operate freely across international borders. COUNTER-MESSAGING Building resistance to extremist propaganda and countering terrorist use of the internet is vital to our effort. Counter ISIS content is now more prevalent online and pro-ISIS content is declining in open forum social media channels. This is a terrorist group that is increasingly struggling in the face of an increasingly organized and sophisticated set of initiatives by the Coalition. Global Coalition member countries are producing national responses and coordinating counter ISIS communications efforts regionally and globally. The Global Counter ISIS Coalition Communications Working Group (led by the UAE, UK, and U.S.) regularly convenes over 30 member countries with media and tech companies to share information and strategies to counter violent extremist messages online and present positive alternative narratives: its last meeting in London on February 28 was attended by a record 38 countries. The Communications Working Group also supports a network of messaging centers that expose, refute, and combat online terrorist propaganda. These centers harness the creativity and expertise of local actors to generate positive content that challenges the nihilistic vision of ISIS and its supporters. The Counter-ISIS Communications Cell in London and the Sawab Center in Abu Dhabi lead the Coalition’s efforts to tackle ISIS propaganda. The Global Coalition is actively engaged with the private sector in these efforts. For example, the Global Engagement Center, an interagency entity within the State Department, uses online technology to target potential recruits of terrorist organizations and redirect them to counter ISIS content. In addition, videos developed by partners across the Coalition for a recent campaign targeting vulnerable audiences in Tunisia, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia were watched more than 14 million times. The effort has since expanded to other nations, including Libya, Jordan, and France. And Twitter has suspended more than 635,000 ISIS- related or affiliated accounts that have been shown to abuse their platforms since the middle of 2015. We are making it increasingly difficult for ISIS to spread its poisonous ideology among vulnerable audiences. We remain focused on growing our online presence. Global Coalition Twitter accounts in Arabic, French, and English continue to increase their number of followers. The Coalition Communications Cell in London, with staff from 10 countries, guides our public global messaging through daily media packs that are distributed to 850 government officials in 60 countries worldwide. COUNTER-FINANCE Coalition collaboration on financial intelligence and broad-spectrum information sharing has supported our military effort to damage or destroy more than 2,600 ISIS energy targets. Coalition airstrikes against energy assets have impeded ISIS’s ability to produce, use, and profit from oil. Coalition airstrikes have also targeted more than 25 ISIS bulk cash storage sites, destroying tens of millions—and possibly hundreds of millions—of dollars. Additionally, the Coalition has worked closely with the Government of Iraq in its efforts to prevent ISIS from abusing its financial system. The Government of Iraq has cut off over 90 bank branches in ISIS territory from the financial system and Iraq’s central bank has created a list of over 100 exchange houses and money transfer companies operating in ISIS-held areas or with links to ISIS. The entities on this list are now banned from accessing U.S. banknotes through the central bank’s currency auctions, and the list has been shared with regional regulators and through FIU channels. The Government of Iraq, with the support of Coalition partners, also banned the distribution of government salary payments in ISIS-held areas, denying ISIS the ability to tax these funds. The Coalition’s Counter-ISIS Finance Group (CIFG)—made up of nearly 40 members and observers—has also adopted an assessment of cross-border financial flows into Iraq and Syria that will enable Coalition members to better prevent ISIS from exploiting money transfer mechanisms. CIFG is finalizing a report on ISIS branch financing that will provide Coalition members with a baseline understanding of financial linkages between ISIS core and its global branches, and of branch financing mechanisms. CIFG is also leading global efforts to ensure full implementation of the multiple UN Security Council resolutions that prohibit all forms of financial support to ISIS, including funds raised from kidnapping for ransom, illicit trade in stolen cultural heritage objects, and sale of natural resources. COUNTERING FOREIGN TERRORIST FIGHTERS (FTF) The flow of foreign terrorist fighters (FTF) to Iraq and Syria, many of which joined ISIS, is down significantly over the last year after peaking in 2014. This decline has been dramatic, prolonged, and geographically widespread. Significant milestones include: 1) Securing of the Syria-Turkey border as of November 2016; 2) the EU’s adoption of a Passenger Name Recognition (PNR) protocol; 3) 31 non-EU members implementing enhanced traveler screening measures; and 4) countries enacting measures in UN Security Council Resolution 2178 (2014) to strengthen their response and abilities to counter foreign fighters and prosecute related crimes. More than 60 countries have laws in place to prosecute and penalize FTF activities and create obstacles to traveling into Iraq and Syria. At least 65 countries have prosecuted or arrested foreign terrorist fighters or FTF facilitators. At least 60 countries and the UN now pass fighter profiles to Interpol. There were more searches of Interpol databases in November 2016 than in all of 2015. At least 26 partners share financial information that could provide actionable leads to prosecute or target FTFs. At least 31 countries use enhanced traveler screening measures. Since the flow of foreign terrorist fighters has diminished, the challenge has evolved. Now, countries are grappling with foreign terrorist fighters returning home as well as coping with those individuals who aspire to travel, but cannot get to Iraq and Syria and thus aim to initiate attacks in their home countries. A key component to addressing returning foreign terrorist fighters is rehabilitation and reintegration. Countries are focused on strengthening their capacity to assess, classify, house and manage returning foreign terrorist fighters within their prison systems.