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Everything posted by yota691

  1. What is the longest range EV semi truck? With a range of up to 330 miles, Tre is already one of the longest range all-electric truck models among a peer group that includes Freightliner's eCascadia, Volvo's VNR Electric, the Peterbilt 579EV and Kenworth T680e.Mar 15, 2023 How many miles can the electric Freightliner go? How far can the electric medium duty box truck go? Driving range varies between the eM2's two battery capacity offerings. The 291 kWh battery (available for Class 7) provides a typical driving range of 250 miles. The 194 kWh battery (available for Class 6) provides a typical range of 190 miles. How long does it take to charge a Freightliner electric truck? There are three Detroit HV Battery options available: a 195-kwh pack with charging times to 80% and 100% of 1.5 and 3 hours, respectively, 291 kWh (2-4 hours) and 438 kWh (2-6 hours). The packs utilize Li-Ion NMC (Nickel Manganese Cobalt) battery chemistry packed inside of CATL prismatic cells.May 13, 2022 How long does it take to charge a Freightliner eM2? The Freightliner eM2 can reach an 80% state of charge in approximately 60 minutes for the Class 6 model and 90 minutes for the Class 7 model. The Class 8 eCascadia can achieve an 80% state of charge in approximately 90 minutes using dual-port charging.Mar 27, 2023 How far can an electric semi-truck go on one charge? The range of an electric semi-truck can vary depending on the specific model and its battery capacity. Some electric semi-trucks have a range of up to 300 miles on a single charge, while others can go up to 500 miles. However, it is important to note that these ranges are based on ideal conditions and may be affected by factors such as the weight of the load being transported, the terrain, and the driving style.
  2. Anti-Money Laundering (AML) in Iraq 22 September 2023 AML Country Guide / Anti-Money Laundering (AML) in Iraq Iraq has enacted a variety of anti-money laundering (AML) and counter-terrorism financing (CTF) legislation and regulations. These policies are intended to deter, identify, and punish money laundering and terrorist funding in the country. The Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Terrorist Financing Law No. 39 of 2015 is the basic legislative framework for AML and CTF in Iraq. This law establishes a comprehensive framework for preventing, detecting, and punishing money laundering and terrorist financing in Iraq. Key Requirements of Iraq's Anti-Money Laundering Regulations These criteria apply to financial institutions, non-financial businesses, professions, and designated non-financial businesses and professions (DNFBPs). The following are some of the essential criteria of Iraq's AML regulations: Customer Due Diligence When establishing a business connection or completing a transaction that exceeds a specific level, financial institutions and DNFBPs are expected to complete customer due diligence (CDD) processes. CDD measures may involve verifying clients' identities as well as the purpose and nature of the business partnership or transaction. Know Your Customer (KYC) Rules Covered entities must verify the identification of non-account holders who conduct a transaction or series of transactions worth at least five million Iraqi dinars (about $4,250). Beneficial owners must be recognized when creating an account and transacting more than 10 million Iraqi dinars (roughly $8,500). In practice, most banks open accounts based on current client referrals and/or job verification. The laws' actual application varies greatly between Iraq's 39 state-owned and private banks. Suspicious Transaction Reporting Entities subject to the AMLA must notify suspicious transactions to Iraq's financial intelligence unit (FIU) of suspicious transactions and wait for instruction before proceeding with the transaction; until guidance is obtained, the relevant funds are frozen. Suspicious transaction reports (STRs) must be completed for any transactions involving funds derived from illegal activities or money laundering, intended for the financing of crime (including terrorism), or over which a criminal organization has disposal power, or a transaction conducted to evade any law or with no apparent business or other lawful purposes. Record-keeping Financial institutions and DNFBPs must preserve accurate and full records of their transactions and client interactions. These documents must be preserved for at least five years. Internal Controls and Policies To achieve compliance with AML rules, financial institutions and DNFBPs must adopt internal controls and policies, including policies and processes for identifying, reporting, and managing money laundering and terrorism financing threats. Training Financial institutions and DNFBPs are expected to conduct AML training for their personnel in order to ensure that they are aware of the dangers of money laundering and terrorism financing, as well as how to detect and report suspicious activity. Supervisors of AML/CFT in Iraq Office of Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing The Office of Combating Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing (Money Laundering Reporting Office) was established within the structure of the Central Bank of Iraq in 2007 and was reconfigured in 2015 with complete independence following the issuance of Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Law No. 39. According to the law, the Office of Combating Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing should be constituted at the level of a public department in the Central Bank of Iraq, with professional and ethical standards as well as financial and administrative independence. Role of the Office of Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism in Iraq This office's main requirements are as follows: Receiving, acquiring, or investigating reports or information from reporting organizations concerning operations suspected of including original criminal proceeds, money laundering, or terrorism funding. Information analysis or communication. To execute its duties, the AML/CFT office must get any additional information deemed essential for undertaking the analysis from the reporting organizations. Suspension of financial transactions or operations for a maximum of 7 working days if there is a worry about profits smuggling or damage to the analysis' conduct. Transmission of communications based on reasonable suspicion of money laundering, terrorism financing, or predicate offenses, with the Presidency of the Public Prosecutor initiating legal action and informing the appropriate authorities. Compliance Program Financial institutions in Iraq, as well as certain non-financial businesses and professions, must have a compliance program. These initiatives will work together to help Iraq achieve the following goals: Information exchange on money laundering and terrorism financing with appropriate authorities in government departments and the public sector, as well as collaboration with them. Participation in the participation of the Republic of Iraq in international organizations and conferences dealing with money laundering and terrorism funding. Creating a database for the AML/CFT office to use as a national center for analyzing and sharing information regarding suspected money laundering or terrorist financing, as well as supporting judicial authorities in implementing the law's requirements. Creating and analyzing precise statistics on matters pertaining to the AML/CFT Office's functions. Organizing training sessions for the concerned staff in order to keep them up to date on new developments in the field of money laundering and terrorism financing. Notifications to regulatory authorities or other competent authorities of any financial institution or non-financial organizations and occupations that breach the provisions of the AML/CFT statute. Providing technical guidance in relation to money laundering and terrorism financing agreements and treaties. Financial institutions and enterprises should take precautions to guarantee compliance with these requirements, such as performing customer due diligence, record keeping, and suspicious transaction reporting. Failure to comply might result in hefty penalties; thus, compliance must be taken seriously. You may ensure that your firm is in compliance with Iraq's anti-money laundering legislation with Sanction Scanner solutions.
  3. Iran-Iraq Business on Upward Trajectory despite US Sanctions: Baghdad September, 30, 2023 - 14:40 TEHRAN (Tasnim) – Trade with Iran has been organized according to a clear-cut structure, the governor of the Central Bank of Iraq said, adding that drawing up trade and business ties between the two countries have significantly increased despite the US sanctions. Ali Muhsen al-Allaq made the comments on Saturday and stated that expert-level talks are ongoing to draw up the trend of importing products from the Islamic Republic. The Central Bank of Iraq will achieve a clear-cut formula and structure in organizing business process with Iran, especially in the field of bartering deal, he emphasized. A new payment method was defined and agreed for the settlement of Iraq’s dues on importing gas from Iran, al-Allaq added. Elsewhere in his remarks, the governor of the Central Bank of Iraq pointed to the Baghdad’s decision for doing transactions with the foreign currencies except the US dollar and added, “Effective measures have been taken for admitting dirham of the United Arab Emirates, Lira of Turkey, Rupee of India and Euro as a part of facilitating the transfer of money in financial transactions.” Earlier, Iraqi top banker had announced that his country will ditch US dollar in its transactions as of the next year in 2024, reiterating that Iraq will carry out all its domestic trade transactions and other relevant transactions with its currency unit i.e. dinar instead of US dollar.
  4. The Central Bank of Iran building Iran Intends To Replace Dollar With Local Currencies For Travelers Sunday, 09/10/2023 The Central Bank of Iran intends to offer regional currencies to citizens traveling to neighboring countries, instead of selling them US dollars. Iran this year provided Iraqi dinars, instead of US dollars, to hundreds of thousands of pilgrims who visited Iraq at the end of August and early September for Shiite religious ceremonies. Now it intends to use the same tactic for providing foreign currency to travelers visiting regional countries. The Iraqi dinars became available to the cash-strapped Iranian government when the United States in June allowed Baghdad to repay the equivalent of $2.7 billion from accrued energy import debts. It was reported at the time that part of funds will be for Iran to spend on Muslim pilgrimages to Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Apparently, a portion of the released funds were in Iraqi dinars. Iran is critically short of hard currencies despite much higher oil exports in recent months in the face of US sanctions. The chairman of the central bank Mohammad-Reza Farzin told local media on Saturday that Iran intends to use the Turkish lira or the UAE dirham for regular tourism based on the model it employed with the recent pilgrimage to Iraq. The US dollar and other top currencies are near all-time highs in Tehran’s free market, while the government could sell regional currencies to tourists, possibly at more advantageous rates, converting regional currencies it earns from trade into Iranian rials for government expenses. Farzin added that the central bank is in the process of expert analysis and planning for the move.
  5. Iraqi dinars will be sole currency allowed for financial contracts: Council of Ministers A maximum monthly limit will also be established by the Ministry of Planning for the coverage of contracts in US dollars, with the Central Bank of Iraq ensuring coverage at an exchange rate of 1,320 dinars per US dollar. Kurdistan 24 2023/09/26 22:55 The meeting of the Iraqi Council of Ministers, Sept. 26, 2023. (Photo: INA) ERBIL (Kurdistan 24) – The Iraqi Council of Ministers decided on Tuesday that contracts executed within Iraq shall be denominated in Iraqi dinars, except those entered into through external, bank-issued “documentary credits” based on the terms agreed between the parties. A comprehensive list of past state contracts originally denominated in US dollars will be compiled by the Ministry of Planning. The compiled list will be forwarded to the Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank of Iraq. A maximum monthly limit will also be established by the Ministry of Planning for the coverage of contracts in US dollars, with the Central Bank of Iraq ensuring coverage at an exchange rate of 1,320 dinars per US dollar. In order to facilitate monthly payments for these contracts, the funds will be deposited into the Ministry of Finance's account in accordance with the necessary release controls. Iraqi borrowers from government banks who have taken loans in US dollars are now required to repay their loans in Iraqi dinars. These loans will be covered by the Central Bank of Iraq in US dollars, which will then compensate the lending banks. This process applies exclusively to loans issued prior to the issuance of the Council’s decision. During the past year, a devaluation of the Iraqi dinar value took place after measures were taken by the United States in late 2022 to stamp out money laundering and the channeling of dollars to Iran and Syria. At the time, the Iraqi dinar’s street value plunged to an exchange rate of nearly 1,750 dinars per US dollar.
  6. Remarks by Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes Elizabeth Rosenberg at the Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists Assembly Conference October 2, 2023 As prepared for delivery INTRO Good morning and thank you Kieran, and thank you to ACAMS for having me here virtually to speak to you today. I’m honored by the invitation, and I wish I could have joined you all in person. My name is Elizabeth Rosenberg, and I am the Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. My office, the Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes, or TFFC, is part of Treasury’s larger Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, which includes FinCEN, OFAC, an intelligence office, and an asset forfeiture office. TFFC develops and coordinates AML/CFT and sanctions policy across the Department, and the broader U.S. Government. I’ve been the Assistant Secretary since December 2021, shortly before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The first few months of that invasion, and of the international sanctions and financial controls imposed in response, underscored the importance of closing some of the longstanding challenges that we collectively face in keeping the U.S. AML-CFT regime current and strong. It also caused me to rethink what effectiveness means in the financial compliance space. All of you working in AML/CFT compliance support our national security mission when you detect and unravel ongoing illicit activity. I’m very grateful for the work you all in compliance do daily. Today I want to talk about the road ahead to mitigating gaps in our existing AML/CFT regime. Then, I’ll turn to Russia—a core priority for U.S. AML and sanctions policy. What I want to impart to you today is that these issues are deeply linked. We cannot effectively wage the sanctions campaigns of today—against large and interlinked international economies—if we cannot effectively close the AML gaps in our own financial system. THE GAPS Historically, the U.S. has had one of the most effective AML/CFT regimes in the world. But we are far from perfect, and we will always strive to harden our system against those who seek to misuse our institutions, gatekeepers, and payments platforms. In particular, in our mutual evaluation in 2016, the FATF determined that the U.S. has major regulatory gaps related to beneficial ownership, real estate, investment advisors, and non-financial gatekeepers like lawyers and trusts. Many of the issues the FATF identified align with the findings of my office’s Money Laundering Risk Assessment, the last version of which was published in February 2022. Addressing these deficiencies is a core technical priority. Specifically, TFI has been working hard to close the legal and regulatory gaps that illicit actors exploit to anonymously access the U.S. financial system, to obfuscate and launder illicit proceeds through real estate and institutions that lack clear AML/CFT obligations. On beneficial ownership risks, we continue to prioritize the implementation of the Corporate Transparency Act (the CTA), which requires certain U.S. and foreign companies to disclose to FinCEN information about persons who own or control a company. It also requires FinCEN to build a non-public, central registry of this information and authorizes FinCEN to disclose this information to authorized government authorities and financial institutions, subject to effective safeguards and controls. Beginning on January 1, 2024, many companies in the United States will have to begin reporting information about their beneficial owners, i.e., the individuals who ultimately own or control the company, and their company applicants. We recognize that the Beneficial Ownership Information reporting requirements—and FinCEN itself—will be new to many businesses across the country, so we are conducting outreach to various stakeholders, including the small business community, and developing guidance materials to inform companies of their reporting obligations. As part of this effort, FinCEN published on its website an initial set of guidance materials, including frequently asked questions and videos. FinCEN also recently published a Small Entity Compliance Guide to describe the requirements in more detail and in a simple, easy-to-read manner. This should help lessen the burden on small businesses and help make this nation-wide registry a success. In parallel, FinCEN is working to finalize the Access Rule to establish who may request and receive Beneficial Ownership Information, how recipients may use it, and how they must secure it. In December, FinCEN issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for the Access Rule. Because we’re in an ongoing rulemaking process, I won’t be able to discuss the substance of this rule today, but I look forward to discussing it in the future. With respect to real estate, Treasury has already promulgated comprehensive AML/CFT regulations for residential mortgage lenders and originators, as well as government-sponsored housing entities, covering 76% of the $43.4 trillion residential real estate market. The remaining portion of the U.S. real estate market not subject to comprehensive AML/CFT regulation includes non-financed residential real estate transactions and certain commercial real estate transactions. We assess this segment makes up approximately $20 trillion. We are working to close this gap and considering rules to enhance transparency in the real estate sector. Starting in 2016, FinCEN issued a Geographic Targeting Order, which was renewed multiple times, to impose reporting requirements for certain non-financed residential transactions and to better understand associated risks. In December 2021, FinCEN also published an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking comment on potential systemic solutions to address the illicit finance risks in the real estate sector, and is working diligently to issue a proposed rule this year for consideration and public comment. The BSA requires banks and many parts of the financial sector to guard against illicit finance risks. However, corrupt actors continue to exploit vulnerabilities with a number of professions and sectors outside the scope of the BSA to launder their illicit proceeds. These include investment advisers, as well as lawyers, accountants, and other professionals. We are conducting risk assessments on each of these sectors and considering possible policy options. In conjunction with these rulemakings and risk assessments, we are also prioritizing our upcoming mutual evaluation by the FATF, which is scheduled for finalization by 2026. It will reflect the state of our current AML/CFT system and its compliance with the FATF standards, as well as its overall systemic effectiveness. Ultimately, as I noted previously, the U.S. has work to do on its own AML/CFT regime—we’re aware of this, openly acknowledge it, and believe we can accomplish that work. EFFECTIVENESS AND WHY IT IS IMPORTANT Now I’d like to take a step back and talk about the theory, and practice, of effectiveness because the real success of AML/CFT regimes is about more than identifying and plugging gaps. Our collective actions to detect, deter, and disrupt illicit finance depend upon having in place dynamic, practical, effective AML/CFT and targeted financial sanctions regimes. Effectiveness means that jurisdictions have legal, supervisory, and enforcement regimes that identify and prevent illicit finance from flowing through the financial systems; that financial institutions have programs in place that are well-designed to identify, report, and prevent illicit finance; and that resources are aligned both in governments and in financial institutions to address the highest risks. Effectiveness also means we specifically seek for, and find, financial crimes, not just build compliance systems. What I’m describing requires both financial institutions and governments to put in place a truly risk-based approach. This is easier said than done. It is an area of tension for many countries, including the United States, where many financial institutions often say our regime is geared towards technical compliance, rather than being risk-based and outcomes-focused. Also, that risk-based approach invites the uncomfortable necessity of breaking us out of our traditional way of doing things to evolve more innovative and novel approaches. In some ways, the regulation is the easy part (though I promise you it doesn’t feel easy from within government). The next and much harder step is to get to a place where supervisors more fully recognize that financial institutions should have flexibility to utilize their resources appropriately to go after illicit financial risks. And to a place where financial institutions pro-actively put forward creative strategies to find and mitigate illicit activity. One thing this all means is that governments need to actively encourage financial institutions to become “outcomes focused,” and to embrace approaches that are in line with threats posed and technology available to counter them in the 21st century. Even as TFI pursues its regulatory and sanctions agendas, I want you to know that we are engaging, with supervisors and with the private sector, on the long-term project of defining effectiveness, and incentivizing it. RUSSIA AND SANCTIONS EVASION I want to turn, now, to address the other dominant priority facing TFI and our nation’s national security broadly. Since Russia’s brutal and unprovoked invasion of Ukraine in 2022, an estimated 500,000 Ukrainian soldiers have died or been injured in the battlefield, 6.3 million Ukrainians have fled their country. The entire world, and especially the global south, has been subjected to higher and more volatile food prices, and households worldwide are suffering higher energy costs. As President Biden said last month at the United Nations, the reason the United States and our G7 partners have taken a firm stand against Russia’s action is that if we do not stand up to aggression today and deter other would-be aggressors, no country can feel that its sovereignty and territory are secure. Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the U.S., with our G7 partners, has taken unprecedented action to curb Russia’s ability to wage war. The U.S. has sanctioned over 2,500 Russia-related targets and over 80 percent of Russia’s banking sector by assets. We have also worked with our international partners through the Russian Elites, Proxies, and Oligarchs (REPO) Task Force to block or freeze tens of billions of dollars’ worth of sanctioned Russians’ assets. And we have implemented a novel price cap on Russian oil and petroleum products, to deprive the Kremlin of the key source of revenue it uses to fund its war. We know that these measures are working. President Putin himself and his Ministers have observed that our sanctions are having a significant impact on the Russian economy. Our targeting of Russia’s financial sector and revenue generators are forcing tough choices as the government tries to spend its way out of crisis and burns through its fiscal buffers. We continue to see unsustainable redirection of state spending to Russia’s security sector, at the cost of its civilian economy and future economic production or growth. This is due in large part to our coalition’s campaign of sustained financial pressure. At the same time, Russia and its proxies have adapted and continue to gain access to the international financial system to finance the Russian war machine and procure certain key parts and equipment. In the United States, the Departments of Justice, Commerce, and Treasury have publicly highlighted common methods by which Russian actors are able to evade sanctions. Methods that we have identified include the use of third-party intermediaries or transshipment points to circumvent restrictions, the disguised involvement of designated nationals, and other efforts designed to hide the types of dual use goods being shipped to an end point in Russia. Treasury and our partners have, for months, focused on specific HS codes, or the Harmonized System codes, that identify controlled items traded across jurisdictions that are of key importance to Russia’s war effort. The Department of Commerce has published a list of 45 of these priority codes on its website to assist institutions in identifying the potential shipment of dual use goods. One point I want to emphasize about our Russia campaign is that we are not going to let up. On the contrary, there are many measures available to us to continue both combatting Russian attempts at circumvention and increasing the pressure generally. None of these steps are easy—and as always, we will take them deliberately, seeking to minimize any collateral harm that might occur to our own economic interests, those of our allies, and impacts on the global south. But no one should think that we are anywhere near the end of our energy or creativity on this problem set. But more generally, and related to how I began today, what I want to leave you with is that is that the two areas of highest priority for my office—sanctions to advance the foreign policy goals of the U.S., and the strengthening of the U.S.’s own AML/CFT regime—are deeply linked. While governments certainly play a role in enforcing sanctions evasion activity, financial institutions are essential to ensuring that they have their intended effect. Some of you will have noticed the enforcement action OFAC took against a Latvian bank this summer when a Latvian bank, dealing in dollars, processed transactions violating U.S. sanctions on Crimea. The Department of Justice also recently filed a criminal complaint against a Russian national for, among other charges, money laundering offenses through U.S. financial institutions. An effective, up-to-date AML regime will help institutions identify the money laundering that aids Russian efforts and exposes Kremlin-aligned funds, such as the $1 billion Treasury blocked in a Delaware-based trust last year. Indeed, as our efforts focus on depriving Russia and its military industrial complex, effective AML/CFT and sanctions policy programs at financial institutions are central to the success of those efforts. It is vital that financial institutions put into place policies and systems to monitor, screen, and analyze trade and customs data to understand the underlying controlled goods their clients trade and correspondents facilitate. Failure to do so, and the continued siloing of AML/CFT and sanctions departments at some financial institutions, can lead to financial institutions unwittingly, or inadvertently, processing payments for controlled goods and involving designated entities. Adopting a proactive approach with regards to this issue will ultimately allow financial institutions to identify Russian sanctions evasion and procurement activities involving sensitive goods that are of interest to the Russian military complex. It is my hope that you all will keep in mind the issues I highlighted today as you continue today’s discussion on anti-money laundering and other illicit finance issues. It is our joint responsibility to actively ensure that the American and international financial systems are protected from abuse and exploitation. To close, I would like to thank you for the invitation to speak today, for your efforts to make our financial systems safer, and for your dedication to this important work. ###
  7. Readout: Assistant Secretary Elizabeth Rosenberg’s Travel to Baghdad, Iraq September 15, 2023 BAGHDAD – On September 12 and 13, Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes Elizabeth Rosenberg met in Baghdad, Iraq with Iraqi Prime Minister Mohammed Shiaa al-Sudani and leaders at the Central Bank of Iraq, Trade Bank of Iraq, the Iraqi Financial Intelligence Unit, as well as representatives from the Iraqi private banking sector. Both sides, recognizing the opportunities and challenges ahead for further improving the Iraqi financial sector, agreed to continue working together and take positive steps towards meaningful and lasting reforms that will raise Iraq to international standards and prevent fraud, sanctions evasion, terrorist financing, and other illicit activities. ###
  8. Jordan, Iraq central banks sign cooperation agreement A general view of the Central Bank of Jordan in downtown Amman, October 12, 2011. Reuters Images/Muhammad Hamed The two parties discussed banking issues of mutual interest Staff Writer, The Jordan Times October 2, 2023 AMMAN — Governor of the Central Bank of Jordan Adel Al Sharkas on Sunday met Governor of the Central Bank of Iraq Ali Mohsen Al Alaq and his accompanying delegation to explore ways of strengthening cooperation and banking and financial relations between the two countries. The two parties discussed banking issues of mutual interest, provided updates on the roles and activities of central banks and analysed developments in global monetary policies. During the meeting, hosted by the Central Bank of Jordan, the two parties signed a cooperation and coordination agreement meant to expand cooperation by establishing mechanisms to strengthen collaboration, exchange of information and expertise in various areas. Besides cooperation in banking and financial supervision, the agreement touches on topics such as the supervision and regulation of electronic payment systems, modern financial technology (FinTech), innovation, cyber security, anti-money laundering, counter-terrorism and the exchange of skills and training for staff from both sides. Emphasising Jordanian banks' willingness to establish a presence in the Iraqi market, Sharkas said that there are currently four branches of Jordanian banks licensed to operate in Iraq, each with a capital of $50 million. Two of these branches have already started operations in Iraq, Sharkas said. Alaq said that the Central Bank of Iraq is actively working to strengthen banking relations with its Jordanian counterpart.
  9. Expo 2023 Doha Qatar Green Desert, Better Environment Once upon a time, greening the desert was a challenge. Nowadays a green desert is possible. To achieve it and maintain it is an important and increasingly urgent topic, because it can be an answer to global water, energy, and food scarcity problems. Techniques that enable the sustainable cultivation of trees and crops in arid lands play an important role in reversing desertification problems evident around the world. The Green Desert ideal has cultural, educational, economic, social and scientific aspects, combining traditional agricultural practices with modern and alternative techniques like hydroponics, permaculture and vermiculture, all in a sustainable manner. The greening of deserts is a sustainable project for irrigation and forestation of dry areas or regions near water sources like lakes, rivers, seas or oceans. Also, we need to promote the benefits of clean technologies like irrigation with natural water sources and renewable energy supplies. The Green Desert ideal cannot be attained without involving people, gaining social support and realizing cultural change. Without a change in the mindset of the people and their perspectives on the future, the sustainability of any endeavour would not be possible. Thus, the Green Desert concept entails modern agriculture based on technology and innovation, supported by enhanced environmental awareness, in order to attain sustainability. Mankind has changed the balance of planet earth by living beyond its means. Global warming is one of today’s most acute problems, affecting every human being irrespective of age, gender, wealth or nationality. Since the age of industrialization, the natural balance has changed drastically until now it is beyond affordable limits. A major factor of today’s global warming is the consumption of fossil fuels, causing an increase in carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These hydrocarbons heat up the planet due to the greenhouse effect, triggering the interaction between Earth’s atmosphere and incoming radiation from the sun. Global warming is forecast to have devastating consequences not only for the climate of our planet but also for all living beings. It is expected to have dire consequences for planet earth, with climate change, loss of biodiversity and desertification. Desertification is the process of land degradation in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid areas due to various factors including climatic variations and human activities. Desertification occurs when land originally of another type of biome turns into a desert biome due to factors such as overgrazing, urbanization, climate change, over-drafting of groundwater, deforestation, natural disasters and tillage practices. This transformation of biome results in persistent degradation of dryland and fragile ecosystems and loss of biodiversity. One third of the world’s land surface is threatened by desertification. Across the world it affects the livelihoods of millions of people who depend on the benefits of ecosystems that drylands provide. The amount of land threatened by desertification increases by 12 million hectares each year, making it a global problem. As the land becomes more arid, it can no longer support the number of people it did in the past. As a result, massive numbers of rural people migrate to urban areas, causing not only an environmental problem but also an economic challenge.
  10. Iraq’s persistent fault line: The dangers of escalating tensions in Kirkuk Recent escalations in Iraq’s contested Kirkuk province reveal the structural tensions inherent in the coalition government, posing a risk of Turkish and Iranian intervention and wider instability in the region Hamzeh Hadad 2 October 2023 Supporters of KDP held a protest to demand re-opening of Kirkuk-Erbil highway in Kirkuk, Iraq on September 2, 2023 Image bypicture alliance / AA | Ali Makram Ghareeb © For the past century, Kirkuk has been the site of ethnic tension. Particularly since the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, control of the disputed oil-rich province – which is populated by Kurds, Arabs, and Turkmen – has been one of the country’s most contentious and destabilising issues. The semi-autonomous region of Iraqi Kurdistan, led by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), asserts that Kirkuk should be part of its jurisdiction and claimed de facto control from 2014 to 2017. Meanwhile, the Iraqi constitution stipulates that Kirkuk’s status will be determined by a referendum after a census is held – but this is yet to happen. Instead, after the Kurdistan Democratic Party’s (KDP) failed independence referendum in September 2017, the central government placed Kirkuk under its direct control. But hostilities have recently escalated following a shock decision last month by Iraqi prime minister Mohammed Shia al-Sudani to allow the KDP to resume control of their political offices and military base in Kirkuk city. Sudani’s decision sparked protests from Arab and Turkmen residents, which, in turn, led to counter-protests by Kurdish residents. Four people were killed in the unrest, prompting the Federal Supreme Court to pause its implementation. These events underscore the risks of Kirkuk’s unresolved status, which could be exacerbated by upcoming provincial elections in December and spread tensions to neighbouring Turkey and Iran – who have Kurdish populations – further heightening regional instability. The events in Kirkuk echo the ethnic divisions that can immobilise Iraq – a country governed by a complex network of alliances that Sudani must navigate to keep his coalition government afloat. Although Kirkuk has been the Achilles heel of every Iraqi leader since 2003, the federal government had, until recently, managed to avoid any large escalations in tensions since taking back control from the KRG in 2017. Sudani’s relatively effective handling of the country’s challenges, coupled with the dramatic weakening of the KDP since their ill-fated 2017 referendum, made his decision to permit the KDP to return to Kirkuk, and thus rock the boat, unexpected. Sudani’s weak positioning appears to have been driven by the necessity of balancing his fragmented coalition government. Contrary to the prevailing myth that the prime minister is only beholden to the Shia parties (and by extension Iran), he faces pressure from all parties that helped form the coalition government, including Kurdish parties. Sudani has since explained that he was simply implementing one of this coalition’s agreements, but its Arab parties, sensing the KDP’s weakness, are now unwilling to support the move. This recent Kirkuk debacle was a clear mistake for a seasoned politician like Sudani. The deaths of four citizens in clashes between Kurdish protesters and security forces were avoidable. It was a costly error that predictably provoked his Arab coalition allies who have long sought to cement federal government control over Kirkuk. Observers assumed that Sudani’s tenure would be challenged by the disgruntled Muqtada al-Sadr, or by new protests related to demand for public sector employment, or electricity outages in the summer. But they did not expect him to be challenged by the reignition of ethnic divisions in Kirkuk which Sudani appears to have unwittingly brought upon himself. While Kirkuk remains contested, risks of destabilisation will continue to hang over Iraq and the Sudani government. Although the prime minister has done well to hold his government together and steer Iraq through ongoing challenges, the reality is that profound questions – such as the fate of Kirkuk and the relationship between Baghdad and the KRG – remain unaddressed. For Baghdad, there is a belief that if Kirkuk were to join Iraqi Kurdistan, it would be somehow leaving Iraq. For the KRG, incorporating Kirkuk would re-start their desired process of independence. Both beliefs are misplaced because whether Kirkuk remains a standalone governorate, becomes a region on its own, or joins the pre-existing region of Iraqi Kurdistan, it is part of a consolidated federal Iraqi state. Iraq’s political actors should not treat Kirkuk as a zero-sum game. Instead, they need to recognise that its status should be chosen by its citizens via a referendum, as set out in the Iraqi constitution. But for now, Kirkuk’s unresolved status is a looming disruptor of Baghdad and KRG relations. Even if it is not the crisis of the hour, it is always a hotbed of tension and one ripe for political exploitation. Firstly, while the announcement that Kirkuk will take part in the provincial elections in December – its first since 2005 – is a small step towards a representative pathway forward, there is a danger that political parties will continue to use the recent events to mobilise their voter base and further fuel polarisation and ethnic tensions. This would only heighten the security threat from Islamic State group (ISIS) sleeper cells who frequently exploit such situations. Secondly, these recent events have exposed a weakness in Sudani’s ability to harmonise the divisions in his coalition, increasing the fragility of the Sudani government. Lastly, as tensions between Baghdad and the KRG intensify, it leaves Iraqi Kurdistan vulnerable to meddling by Turkey and Iran, who worry that the Kirkuk’s sentiment for independence would spread to their own Kurdish population. For example, they have already intervened militarily in northern Iraq against their own Kurdish opposition present there. Thus, any further escalation in tensions in Kirkuk may have destabilising effects across the region and beyond. European foreign ministries and their missions in Iraq must leverage their democracy-promoting projects to emphasise to Iraqi politicians that their parties are partners of a coalition government and of a federal state that requires commitment to democratic federalism. Without social harmony amongst Iraq’s diverse ethnic populations, the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS and the NATO Mission Iraq, along with other European missions, will never achieve their goal. Though Kirkuk is one province, it represents a regional fault line that can create instability throughout the Middle East. Until now, Sudani has continued to improve relations with neighbours since assuming power, despite having to navigate the internal divisions of his coalition government. However, this juggling act is made more difficult – and more precarious – when addressing legacy issues like Kirkuk. While a domestic and sensitive issue, European missions should help create the conditions for a solution by reiterating their support for Iraqi federalism and democracy. This can ease fears over Kirkuk’s status within the Iraqi state, calm relations with neighbouring Turkey and Iran, and prevent harming the security operations of the Global Coalition and the NATO Mission Iraq. This will then allow all three possible scenarios for Kirkuk’s future to be on equal footing before a status is chosen by the citizens of Kirkuk, via a referendum held by local government – as per the Iraqi constitution. The European Council on Foreign Relations does not take collective positions. ECFR publications only represent the views of their individual authors.
  11. Trump Lambasts 'Racist' Letitia James, 'Rogue Judge' Moments Before NYC Trial Begins Forbes Breaking News 22,224 views Oct 2, 2023
  12. The Prime Minister's Advisor explains the importance of sovereign guarantees Economy Yesterday, 15:36 Baghdad - IA - Nassar Al-Hajj The financial advisor to the Prime Minister, Mazhar Muhammad Salih, explained today, Sunday, that the sovereign guarantees relate to covering the issue of default by sectoral entities, stressing that these guarantees are one of the factors of stability and encouraging the business environment in Iraq in a sustainable manner. Saleh told the Iraqi News Agency (INA): “The sovereign guarantees granted by the state to the various contracting parties express the government’s guarantee that the obligation between the contracting parties will be fulfilled in the event that the primary debtor fails to pay.” He added that "sovereign guarantees are related to covering the issue of default on the part of sectoral entities, specifically government entities benefiting from the processing, contracting and construction work for investment projects with a strategic dimension. Sovereign guarantees can also cover all types of obligations and pledges in extensive detail," pointing out that "sovereign guarantees before... Granting them in the General Budget Law, they are considered an integral part of financing by borrowing, and one of the components of public debt, and in accordance with the international standard in describing government debt and the method of calculating it.” He pointed out, "The granting of sovereign guarantees is carried out with great precision by the executive authority and in accordance with the strategic importance of guaranteeing major development projects and encouraging major companies and the business sector to work in our country." He continued, "Therefore, the sovereign guarantees granted by the state to the entities that prepare or implement projects constitute one of the factors for stabilizing and encouraging the business environment in Iraq in a sustainable manner, and removing obstacles and risks that impede development and economic progress, according to the strategic priority that requires granting sovereign guarantees or guarantees." Prime Minister, Muhammad Shiaa Al-Sudani, confirmed earlier, during his meetings in New York, that the government will provide sovereign guarantees in the budget law to establish industrial and agricultural projects in Iraq.
  13. The central bank sells more than $192.6 million in the currency auction Drains Economy News - Baghdad Today, Monday, the Central Bank of Iraq’s sales in the foreign currency sales window amounted to more than 192.6 million dollars. The Central Bank’s website published its dollar sales schedule, which Al-Iqtisad News reviewed. It included the participation of 27 banks and 79 exchange companies, and covered external transfer requests of 177.8 million dollars, while cash requests amounted to more than 14.7 million dollars. The Central Bank of Iraq sells the dollar for documentary credits and international settlements for electronic cards at a price of 1,305 dinars per dollar, for every dollar for documentary credits and international settlements for electronic cards, at a price of 1,310 dinars per dollar for external transfers, and at a price of 1,310 dinars per dollar in cash. Views 35 Added 10/02/2023 - 12:24 PM
  14. An Iraqi official announces an agreement with Tehran regarding the payment of debts to Iran Economy | 07:26 - 09/30/2023 Follow-up - Mawazine News The Governor of the Central Bank of Iraq, Ali Al-Alaq, confirmed today, Saturday, that an agreement had been reached on settling his country’s debts related to importing gas from Iran through a new method. IRNA news agency quoted Al-Alaq on Saturday evening as saying, “There are ongoing discussions to regulate the import process from the Iranian side in a way that does not expose Iraq to any problems by violating sanctions and agreements.” The Iraqi official explained that there was an agreement between the Iraqi and Iranian parties, stipulating that his country's debts incurred from Iranian gas imports would be settled through a new method through which these amounts would be paid. Ali Al-Alaq continued that the Iraqi discussions with Iran regarding regulating the import of gas are continuing, so that Iraq is not exposed to problems such as violating sanctions and agreements, adding that the Central Bank of Iraq will reach a clear formula in regulating the trade process with Iran, especially since part of it is through barter. Early last month, the Iranian and Iraqi oil ministers discussed how to enhance Iranian gas exports to Iraq, as well as discussing the issue of repaying Baghdad’s gas debts to Tehran. A delegation from the Iraqi Ministry of Electricity visited Iran at the beginning of last June. The visit led to an increase in gas imports to Iraq, as the spokesman for the Iraqi Ministry of Electricity, Ahmed Musa al-Abadi, explained that “Iran supplies Iraq with 45 million cubic meters of gas, This helped enhance the capacity of power plants and launch other Iraqi power plants, and the Iranian side is ready to increase gas exports to Iraq.” Al-Abadi pointed out that there is no possibility of supplying gas from countries other than Iran, or gas transportation lines to import gas to Iraq, adding that the only existing communication lines that supply Iraqi gas are from Iran. Ended 29/M99
  15. Commerce sets the date for starting the first step of electronic transformation local Today, 13:19 Baghdad - INA The Ministry of Commerce set, today, Monday, the date for starting the first step of electronic transformation. A statement from the ministry, received by the Iraqi News Agency (INA), stated that “Minister of Commerce Atheer Daoud Al-Ghurairi inspected the legal department at the ministry’s headquarters, to follow up on the final stages of the electronic transformation of its entire work, which is certain to be initiated within the next two weeks.” The Minister stressed during the visit, “We have developed plans and programs to improve performance and services in various directions, by working according to an economic vision and clear goals, automating work joints, building a solid information base, and changing the culture of support by targeting the groups that benefit from the catering system.” He pointed out that "the process of automating the legal department is the first step to electronic transformation, and it will be followed successively by the rest of the ministry's formations to get rid of the classic paper-based and routine system to an electronic system using a modern and advanced programming language."
  16. The Prime Minister approves the transfer of 108 services in state institutions to the electronic system local Today, 14:18 Baghdad - IA - Hassan Al-Fawaz The National Data Center Department in the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers announced today, Monday, the approval of Prime Minister Muhammad Shiaa Al-Sudani to convert 108 services in state institutions to the electronic system, while indicating that the application of the electronic service achieved three goals and advantages. The director of the department, Ammar Mazhar Al-Tamimi, told the Iraqi News Agency (INA): “The National Data Center is an administrative institution of a scientific and technological nature. After its launch, we evaluated the readiness of government institutions in terms of the possibility of providing services to citizens, and we identified a set of targets, and we were given Priority is given to institutions that provide direct service to the citizen, according to the directives of Prime Minister Muhammad Shiaa Al-Sudani, and the Chairman of the e-Government Committee, Secretary-General of the Council of Ministers, Hamid Al-Ghazi,” adding, “We then counted all the services provided by the public sector, which numbered 1,112 services classified at several levels.” Al-Tamimi added, “One of these levels is providing 108 services, which are the most important in terms of the citizen’s need for them,” pointing out that “the approval of Prime Minister Muhammad Shiaa Al-Sudani has been obtained to implement these services electronically in all the institutions that provide them, which will make a difference.” “Big. He stated, "This issue is not easy, because implementing the electronic service cannot be completed in a day or two, but there are diligent steps regarding that," explaining that "the government is determined to implement technology in state institutions." He stressed that "an example of real experience is transferring the construction permit electronically, which is considered the most complex electronic service," pointing out that "this service has achieved three goals and features: citizen comfort, maximizing state revenues, and eliminating corruption." The director of the center’s department pointed out that “other services will continue to be completed soon.”
  17. Al-Maliki: Iraq seeks to build balanced relations with all countries of the world October 2, 2023 Baghdad/Al-Masala Al-Hadath: The head of the State of Law coalition, Nouri al-Maliki, confirmed that Iraq seeks to build balanced relations with all countries of the world. Al-Maliki's office stated in a statement received by Al-Masala, that the head of the State of Law coalition received in his office today the envoy of the Russian President, Igor Levitin. At the beginning of the meeting, Levitin conveyed the greetings of President Vladimir Putin, President of the Russian Federation, and his good wishes to Nouri al-Maliki and to the Iraqi people for continued progress and advancement. The two sides reviewed the latest developments in the political and security situation and regional and international issues, and the future of bilateral relations between the two friendly countries was also discussed. Al-Maliki stressed the importance of improving bilateral cooperation in various fields, indicating that Iraq seeks to build balanced relations with all countries of the world in a way that achieves common interests. Regarding the ongoing conflict between the Russian Federation and Ukraine, Al-Maliki pointed to the importance of intensifying efforts to reach political and diplomatic solutions through dialogue in a way that preserves the independence, sovereignty and healthy coexistence of countries and peoples, praising Russia’s positions in support of Iraq in its war against terrorism and its efforts to protect its security and territory. In turn, the Russian President's envoy affirmed his country's support for Iraq, and its serious desire to strengthen relations between the two countries and expand cooperation frameworks in the economic and military fields.
  18. Al-Araji: The results achieved after the Iraqi-Iranian security agreement have not occurred since 1991 October 2, 2023 Baghdad/Al-Masala Al-Hadath: National Security Advisor Qasim Al-Araji confirmed, on Monday, that Iraq is proceeding with the implementation of all paragraphs of the joint security agreement with Iran, while the Secretary-General of the Iranian National Security Council, Ahmadian, indicated that the implementation of the joint security agreement came to achieve the interests of both countries. The media office of the National Security Advisor said in a statement, “Under the guidance of the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, Muhammad Shiaa Al-Sudani, the Supreme Committee for Implementing the Joint Security Agreement between Iraq and Iran met in Tehran with its Iranian counterpart,” noting that “the committee held an important meeting with its Iranian counterpart, chaired by National Security Advisor Qassem Al-Araji headed the Iraqi side at the meeting, while Secretary General of the Iranian National Security Council Ahmadian chaired the Iranian side. He added, "The meeting witnessed a review of the stages of implementation of the security agreement between the two countries on the ground, and what has been achieved and what remains to be accomplished." Al-Araji conveyed “the greetings of Prime Minister Muhammad Shiaa Al-Sudani to the Iranian side. He also outlined the stages of work carried out by Iraq in the area that had been identified and which was occupied by the Iranian opposition, all of which was evacuated and the Iranian opposition elements were disarmed in accordance with the agreement, and federal forces were deployed there and placed Away from the borders,” indicating that “the Kurdistan Regional Government was serious in implementing the obligations that were set for it.” Al-Araji stressed to the Iranian side “the importance of high coordination between the two countries,” noting that “the results achieved after the security agreement have not occurred since 1991, and that these groups remained for decades without the presence of official federal forces.” Al-Araji stated that “Al-Sudani is carefully following the path of implementation of this agreement, and that Iraq is keen on Iran’s security and will not allow its territory to be a launching pad for destabilizing the security of any neighboring country,” stressing “the importance of Iranian officials informing the Iraqi side if any developments arise, so that Take the necessary action.” Al-Araji pointed out during the meeting that “Iraq is proceeding with implementing all the provisions of the joint security agreement between Iraq and Iran,” explaining that “the partnership, historical depth and growing relations between the two countries became clear during the Arba’een visit after Iraq embraced the Iranian visitors and provided services, cooperation and facilitation to them, which is evidence of the The depth of ties between the two countries and the two neighboring peoples.” For his part, Ahmadian thanked “the federal government, the regional government, and the Iraqi people for the facilities provided to the Arbaeen visitors,” stressing “the depth of the historical relationship between the two countries.” He stated that “the implementation of the joint security agreement came to achieve the common interest of the two countries, and that what was achieved reflects the will of the two countries to achieve this important progress,” stressing “the continuation of coordination and the exchange of timely information between the two countries, and not allowing armed groups to threaten the security and stability of the two countries and the region.” During the meeting, issues and files of common interest were discussed, as well as important topics related to protecting the borders and security of the two neighboring countries, and continuing joint coordination to complete all paragraphs of the security agreement.
  19. Ankara: The oil pipeline connecting Iraq and Turkey will resume its work this week Today, 10:11 Al-Ghad Press / Follow-up Turkish Energy Minister Alp Arslan Bayraktar said on Monday that the pipeline transporting crude oil from Iraq is "ready to resume operation" after damage was caused by a devastating earthquake that the region witnessed in February. Bayrakdar added during the ADIPEC conference in Abu Dhabi, “During this week, we will start operating the Iraqi-Turkish pipeline, and it will be able to transport approximately half a million barrels to global markets.” He continued, saying, "His country constitutes a reliable path for transporting oil and gas." On March 25, Turkey suspended Iraq's oil exports amounting to 450,000 barrels per day. After a ruling in an arbitration case issued by the International Chamber of Commerce in favor of Baghdad.
  20. Al-Sudani chairs the meeting of the Supreme Committee for Implementing the Development Road Project Today, 09:22 Al-Ghad Press / Baghdad Today, Monday, Prime Minister Muhammad Shiaa Al-Sudani chaired the meeting of the Supreme Committee for the Implementation of the Development Road Project. Al-Sudani’s media office stated, in a statement received by Al-Ghad Press, that “Prime Minister Muhammad Shia’ al-Sudani chaired today the meeting of the Supreme Committee for the Implementation of the Development Road Project.” Al-Sudani confirmed yesterday, Sunday, that the development road project is one of the important and strategic projects that the Iraqi government is focusing on.
  21. Al-Sudani leaves Baghdad heading to Qatar Today, 11:07 Al-Ghad Press / Follow-up On Monday, Prime Minister Muhammad Shiaa Al-Sudani headed to Qatar to participate in the opening ceremony of the “Expo Doha 2023-2024” exhibition. Al-Sudani's office said in a statement received by Al-Ghad Press, "Prime Minister Muhammad Shia' al-Sudani left the capital, Baghdad, heading to the State of Qatar." The statement added that the visit comes to "participate in the opening ceremony of Expo Doha 2023-2024."
  22. The four presidencies are studying a proposal to grant special amnesty to women and juveniles Yesterday, 21:26 Al-Ghad Press/Baghdad The Prime Minister's Media Office announced today, Sunday, that the four presidencies are studying a proposal to grant special amnesty to women and juveniles, with the exception of some serious crimes. The office stated in a statement, a copy of which was received by Al-Ghad Press, that “the Prime Minister attended, today, Sunday, a meeting that included the President of the Republic, Abdul Latif Jamal Rashid, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Muhammad Al-Halbousi, and the Chairman of the Judicial Council, Faiq Zaidan, and during the meeting the latest developments were discussed.” And the political and security files, and the overall situation in the country.” The statement added, "The meeting witnessed, at its beginning, the attendees reciting Surah Al-Fatihah as a sign of mercy for the souls of the victims of the painful fire incident in the wedding hall in Al-Hamdaniya district, expressing their condolences and sympathy to the families of the victims and their wishes for a speedy recovery for the injured," noting that "the meeting discussed in detail the incident and its causes, where The attendees stressed the need to continue efforts to provide care and attention to the families of the victims and the injured. The statement continued, "The meeting also witnessed a review of the results of the Prime Minister's visit to New York and his participation in the meetings of the United Nations General Assembly at its seventy-eighth session, and the international interest in Iraq's participation and praise for the Iraqi government's steps in enhancing security and stability, commitment to sustainable development plans and goals, and Iraq's pivotal role in bringing destinations closer together." Different views between countries of logic. The four presidencies stressed, according to the statement, “the need to support the government in implementing its government program, providing services to citizens, rehabilitating the infrastructure in the electricity sectors, building hospitals and schools, constructing roads and bridges, supporting the private sector and encouraging investment opportunities in the country, by enacting legislation that facilitates the work of investors, as well as Consolidating reform by enhancing full cooperation between the presidencies in the anti-corruption file and supporting governmental and judicial measures in this file.” The attendees affirmed their rejection of any aggression targeting Iraqi territory, as it contradicts the principles of good neighborliness and threatens security and stability in Iraq and the region, stressing that resolving problems and differences is achieved through dialogue, understandings, cooperation and joint coordination. The Prime Minister’s Media Office concluded its statement, saying, “The four presidencies are studying the proposal submitted regarding granting special amnesty to women and juveniles, with the exception of some serious crimes. The presidencies also congratulated, during the meeting, the educational family and students on the occasion of the start of the new academic year, hoping that this year will be a year of success and excellence.” ".
  23. The four presidencies meet at a common table to discuss the latest developments in the situation Yesterday, 19:40 Al-Ghad Press/Baghdad Today, Sunday, the country's four presidencies held a joint meeting to discuss developments in all files within the country. The Prime Minister’s Media Office said in a brief statement, a copy of which was received by Al-Ghad Press, that “a meeting was held for the presidencies in the presence of Prime Minister Muhammad Shia’ al-Sudani, the President of the Republic, Abdul Latif Jamal Rashid, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Muhammad Rikan al-Halbousi, and the President of the Supreme Judicial Council, Faiq Zaidan.” .
  24. Labor announces the suspension of restrictions on 448 beneficiaries of the full-time employee’s salary Sweeteners Economy News - Baghdad The Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs announced today, Monday, the suspension of restrictions on 448 beneficiaries of the full-time employee’s salary. The Ministry stated in a statement received by Al-Iqtisad News, “The head of the Authority for the Care of People with Disabilities and Special Needs in the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Dhikra Abdel Rahim, announced the suspension of restrictions on (448) beneficiaries of the full-time employee’s salary who are not eligible.” She added, "The operation came after conducting an interruption of the Authority's database with the data of the deceased sent from the Ministry of Health, and the discovery of many people with disabilities who died without being reported, as well as the discovery of some overpaid appointees who did not deserve the salary due to their appointment in one of the state departments." Pointing out that “their families will be dealt with in accordance with the law regarding recovering the money, and they will be held accountable for the legal violation.” According to the statement, Abdel Rahim called on “the beneficiaries of the full-time employee’s salary to be informed immediately in the event of the death of the disabled person, or the person appointed, in order to avoid the accumulation of financial debts on them and thus expose them to legal accountability,” pointing out that “the authority is continuing to audit and interrupt the data to uncover new transgressors and replace them.” Those who are actually entitled to the full-time employee’s salary in accordance with the People with Disabilities Law No. 38 of 2013.” Views 28 Added 10/02/2023 - 2:33 PM
  25. Commerce sets the date for starting the first step of electronic transformation Sweeteners Economy News - Baghdad Today, Monday, the Ministry of Commerce set the date for starting the first step of electronic transformation. A statement from the ministry, received by Al-Eqtisad News, stated that “Minister of Commerce, Atheer Daoud Al-Ghurairi, visited the legal department at the ministry’s headquarters, to follow up on the final stages of the electronic transformation of its entire work, which is certain to begin within the next two weeks.” The Minister stressed during the visit, “We have developed plans and programs to improve performance and services in various directions, by working according to an economic vision and clear goals, automating work joints, building a solid information base, and changing the culture of support by targeting the groups that benefit from the catering system.” He pointed out that "the process of automating the legal department is the first step to electronic transformation, and it will be followed successively by the rest of the ministry's formations to get rid of the classic paper-based and routine system to an electronic system using a modern and advanced programming language." Views 30 Added 10/02/2023 - 2:10 PM
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