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  1. CNN. Broadcasting With A Barrel Full Of Monkey Wrenches While Dismantling Parliament ! 2018/02/17 (21:01 PM) - Number of readings: 46 - Number (4137) The dismantling of the oil and gas law on 3 projects to facilitate its adoption in Parliament  Baghdad / Mohammed Sabah The government may resort to the fragmentation and dismantling of the law of oil and gas to several laws in the next phase to avoid all the differences that delayed the adoption of this law over three consecutive parliamentary sessions. The new government plan came into force by sending the law of the National Oil Company to the parliament, which intends to vote during the coming sessions, to be followed by the preparation of a special law for the Council of the Oil Union, whose task will be to develop oil policy throughout Iraq to end the most controversial points. The Chairman of the Committee on Oil and Energy parliamentary Ali Maraj al-Bahadli in an interview with (range), the reasons and political positions that caused the postponement of the approval of the law of oil and gas to the next parliamentary session, saying that "differences between the parliamentary blocs cause postponement of the adoption of the law over the past ten years. And the inability of the House of Representatives over the course of three consecutive parliamentary sessions of deciphering the differences that objected to pass the law of oil and gas after the introduction of the first version of the law in 2007, which fell after a large reservation of the Kurds in the House of Representatives. The first draft was granted to the Council of Ministers to approve the general oil policy, including exploration, production and transport and restricted marketing through the company Sumo National, which was rejected by the Kurdistan Regional Government and promised to violate the federal constitution. The Federal Constitution requires in article 112 to oblige the government, regions and oil-producing provinces to cooperate in the formulation of the strategic policies necessary to develop the wealth of oil and gas. The federal government shall manage the oil and gas extracted from the existing fields with the governments of the producing regions and governorates and distribute their imports in a fair and proportionate manner. With population distribution throughout the country, with a fixed-term quota for the affected territories. The differences between the federal government and the Kurdistan region on many of the provisions and paragraphs of the law of oil and gas, then, the disruption of this law in the first parliamentary session, which forced the government of Nuri al-Maliki to write a second draft and sent to parliament. And the sharp differences between the National Alliance and the Kurdish forces over the past years three versions of the law of oil and gas; the first existed since 2007 rejected after the objection of the Kurdistan Alliance, the second version was placed in 2010, but the National Alliance objected to the law and withdrew from the voting session on the project , And finally the third is a proposal of a law set by the Committee on oil and energy parliamentary previous but rejected by different parties. The Committee on Oil and Energy on the sixth of September 2011 that the draft law of oil and gas (II) submitted by the government to parliament involves a "constitutional breach" of the sources of the right of the provinces and regions, indicating that it is possible to amend the draft law and its impact to reach an appropriate formula to be agreed between the political blocs . One of the most important points of disagreement that hindered the passage of the draft 2011 is on how to form the Council of the Union of oil and its powers, and the nature of the oil revenues and any body will be, and giving powers to the provinces in the management of the oil institution, and what is the administration that includes determining the authority of the Minister and the Petroleum Corporation in accordance with the Constitution. On September 13, 2012, the Presidency of the Council of Representatives decided to form a mini committee to study the points of contention over the oil and gas law and draft a new draft law that included the then Minister of Oil Abdul Karim al-Allaibi, his Kurdistan counterpart Ashti Hawrami, the National Alliance representative Safa Safi, Farhad Atrushi, and the Iraqi Adnan al-Janabi. The mini-parliamentary committee agreed to pass the draft oil and gas law for 2011 submitted by the government to the House of Representatives after making some adjustments according to political consensus, but was unable to pass this law. A sharp crisis erupted between Baghdad and Erbil on the backdrop of the suspension of the Kurdistan region (April 1, 2012) pumped oil until further notice, because of differences with Baghdad on the financial dues of the oil companies operating in it. After a deep debate that lasted for years between the federal government and the Kurdistan region, which was on the authority to export oil, the parties reached in December 2014 to an agreement to export the region 250 thousand barrels of production with 300 thousand barrels of Kirkuk fields in exchange for Baghdad to pay the share of Kurdistan from the budget The Federal Ministry of Oil, in December 2014, called for accelerating the legislation of the oil and gas law, to regulate the relationship between the federal and Kurdish governments and to ensure the distribution of imports a Abadi abolished all previous versions of the oil and gas law in 2015 and formed a ministerial committee headed by Thamir al-Ghadhban, head of the council of advisers in the Council of Ministers, to prepare a new draft that is in line with current realities and circumstances. "I do not know anything about the amendments made by the government committees to the new draft of the oil and gas law," said Ali Maarj al-Bahadli, head of the parliamentary oil and energy committee. "He addressed the cabinet several times to inquire about the law, but he received no answer." The oil and gas law is based on three main elements, namely the formation of the National Oil Company, the establishment of the Federal Oil Council, and the establishment of a mechanism to deal with international oil companies working in oil production in Iraq. The current oil and energy committee sought to find solutions to facilitate the passage of this law Khalafi after the development of each of these three elements of a special law to distribute the management of the oil file in a consensual and constitutional. The MP from the National Alliance that his committee "dismantled the law of oil and gas based on the pillars of which it consists, and sent the proposal of the law of the Council of the Union of oil to the government to see the items and paragraphs, but the government made a reservation on it," pointing out that "what we want from the process of dismantling , Is to pass the law away from differences. " The Oil Union Council, whose powers will be higher than the Ministry of Oil, is the supreme umbrella in Iraq's oil policy, which includes the mechanism of extraction, research, planning and development of the national wealth determined by the law and the constitution. The MP from the province of Maysan that "the previous versions of the law of oil and gas has been over five years and therefore require several adjustments commensurate with the current stage." The head of the oil and energy parliamentary committee that "the government sent us the law of the national company a while ago and was read the first and second and will be put to vote during the next few sessions," pointing out that "this company will supervise the oil companies of Basra, Dhi Qar and Maysan, North and Sumo." The National Oil Company The executive arm of the Ministry of Oil in the sectors of extraction and marketing of oil companies in Basra and Maysan and Dhi Qar and the North and companies such as the Iraqi drilling and exploration company in addition to some departments, including the marketing company Sumo and the company tankers. He continued that "licensing rounds solved the problem of dealing with international oil companies that do not need to legislate the law governing the deal with them, as well as the existence of service contracts for these companies in the Kurdistan region," asserting that "if completed these three elements will change the general structure of the law of oil and gas And rephrased according to what exists. " In parallel, the Ministry of Oil announced in 2017 completion of the draft law of oil and gas and sent to the Secretariat of the Council of Ministers, noting that the aim of the draft is to seek and work on the optimal investment of the national wealth of oil and gas. But the Kurdistan region refused to be prime minister at the top of the pyramid in the board of the oil file, including the oil and gas law, as well as differences with the oil-producing provinces made the passage of the bill or even the introduction of the first reading is difficult during the current phase. link
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