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H.E. Mr. Jalal Talabani, President Speech at UN


Amber Williams
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I dont know if someone posted this yet, but...

My link

(if that link didnt work, here is the website)

http://gadebate.un.org/66/iraq

Republic of Iraq

Statement by H.E. Mr. Jalal Talabani

President of The Republic of Iraq,

At the General Debate of the 66th Session of the

United Nations General Assembly

New York, 23 September 2011

Mr.President,

Allow me at the outset to congratulate you and our brothers, the people of Qatar,

on the occasion of your Presidency of the 66th session of the General Assembly. Our

delegation will be of assistance to you in performing your duties, and we are confident

that the experience and wisdom you enjoy will be an important factor in the success of

the General Assembly. We also give our thanks to your predecessor, Mr. Joseph Deiss,

for his Presidency of the General Assembly in its outgoing session. I would also like to

congratulate the UN Secretary General Mr. Ban Ki-Moon for his re-election for a second

term as Secretary General and wish him all success in his work.

Mr. President,

It is an honor to stand in front of you one more time, to brief you on the notable

developments that Iraq is witnessing while its working on building a modern state that

lives in peace with its people and neighbors. Simultaneously, Iraq is building a homeland

where everyone lives in peace and stability without regard to sectarian, ethnic or factional

affiliations; a system where the rule of law prevails and human rights are respected; and a

system that is based on democracy and the peaceful transition of power. This is the basis

for the path which we are moving on and continually implementing. The events that are

currently taking place in the Arab region have proved the correctness of the path we have

followed and are now following. The values of change and reform, which Iraq has and

will continue to calls for, have become an essential part of the aspirations of the Arab

People for freedom and for their ability to chose their political system of their own full

will on the basis of democracy and human rights.

We have come a long way in building our political system, which is based on the

National Collaboration Government. Iraq has started to restore its elements of strength

that were lost due to more than three decades of internal and external wars conducted by

the former dictatorship; and the international isolation and sanctions that Iraq

experienced; as well as the collapse of security institutions and the outbreak of sectarian

strife that threatened its national existence that the country suffered after the collapse of

the former regime. We began to overcome these negativities and they became a part of

the past through our determination, willfulness and the help of the International

community.

In the area of development, having witnessed the big improvement in the security

situation in Iraq, we are still relying on the five year plan for the years 2010-2014 which

was announced by the Iraqi Government on April 4th 2010, and the licensing rounds that

were held between Iraq and major companies in the field of Oil and Natural Gas

investments to improve our Oil Industry. That was done to turn the wheels of

development and push the economy to advanced levels. It is expected that the direct five

year plan will include about 2,700 strategic projects in different sectors with a cost of 186

Billion Dollars. The plan would provide about 4 million job opportunities that will help

deal with the unemployment problem in Iraq. It is hoped that by the end of this plan, the

per capita income of the Iraqi individual would increase to 8,000 Dollars per year, and

poverty levels would decrease by 16%.

In addition to this, we were able to get rid of the sanctions and restrictions imposed

on Iraq as a result of the invasion of Kuwait. Based on Security Council Resolutions

1956, 1957 and 1958, adopted on 15 December 2010, Iraq has been freed completely

from all of the restrictions imposed on it which have prevented the country from

benefiting from scientific and technological advances, and Iraq has gained its sovereignty

in regards to its financial resources. After this important stage in building the state, we

feel that we are taking firm steps on the road of democracy and development and that we

have a bigger need to open the doors of investment in Iraq. Therefore, the economic

policy of Iraq is based on encouraging investments and providing the appropriate

legislative environment to protect investors and their capital, so Iraq can become a safe

and fertile investing environment in many essential sectors, such as oil, natural gas,

electricity, reconstruction, infrastructure and other economic sectors. From this stage, I

call on all countries to open collaboration channels with Iraq in the field of investment,

and to take advantage from the available opportunities. Iraqi Kurdistan has witnessed

important developments in the fields of construction, economy, culture and others.

Thousands of villages that were destroyed by the Dictatorship were rebuilt; cities towns

and roadways were modernized. The region has more than (15) public and private

Universities with more than 100,000 students, compared to the past where there was only

one University with number of students don't exceed couple of thousands.

At the end of this year, the United States Forces will withdraw according to the

agreement signed between the two countries in 2008. During this year our security forces

proved great ability to combat terrorism and provide security. These forces are capable

and efficient to fill the vacuum that the withdrawal of United States forces will create,

and that will promote the Iraqi national abilities to keep the gains achieved in the new

Iraq. But the need will push the government ofIraq to keep numbers of American experts

and others to benefit from their experiences in the fields of training and capacity building

and according to the need of Iraq to these experiences. On this occasion, I would like to

express on behalf of the Government and people of Iraq our thanks and appreciation for

the assistance and support that were provided by the people and government of the

United States, other friendly states and the United Nations to promote democracy in Iraq

and its reconstruction. I avail the opportunity to be here in New York to express to the

people of New York and all Americans the feelings of sympathy and solidarity on the

tenth anniversary for the terrorist attacks in September 11.

In the extent ofIraq's International and Regional relations, the Constitution ofIraq

and the national program for the current Iraqi Government determined the general basis

for our Foreign Policy. It provides that Iraq is a founding and effective member in the

League of Arab States and it is obliged with its charter in addition to that Iraq is part of

the Islamic world. On this basis Iraq is working on hosting the Arab summit at the end of

March 2012. Also, Iraq respects the principles of good neighborliness and is obliged with

not interfering in the internal affairs of the other states, seek to solve the disputes with

peaceful means, establish its relations on the basis of common interests and reciprocity

and respect its international obligations, on this basis we invite the two neighbors Turkey

and The Islamic Republic of Iran to resort to diplomacy and positive dialogue to solve

the issues and to stop the bombing of Iraqi territories in the Kurdistan region which is

causing many victims from the innocents and civilians.

When it comes to our obligations to disarmament and non proliferation, the

Constitution of Iraq was clear in deternlining the position of Iraq concerning this issue,

Article (9 E) of the Iraqi Constitution provided that the Iraqi Government shall respect

and implement Iraq's international obligations regarding the non-proliferation, nondevelopment,

non- production, and non-use of nuclear, chemical, and biological

weapons, and shall prohibit associated equipment, materiel, technologies, and delivery

systems for use in the development, manufacture, production, and use of such weapons.

On this clear position and commitment of Iraq with the international Charters concerning

disarmament, the Security Council adopted on 15 December 2010 Resolution 1957 which

lifted all restrictions that were imposed on Iraq in this concern. In this context, we would

like to confirm the legitimate right of States to peaceful use of nuclear power and its

technologies according to the rules of the relevant International conventions. This right

constitute one of the foundations for the disarmament system and non- proliferation.

Within this approach, when it comes to the nuclear file of the Islamic Republic of Iran,

Iraq believes in the legitimate right of states in using nuclear energy for peaceful

purposes. This right is guaranteed by the international Charters; at the forefront of those

charters is the non-proliferation treaty. We affirm the importance of reachinga peaceful

solution in dealing with this issue; dialogue and calm diplomatic work are the best ways

to achieve this goal. On the other hand any escalation will harm the interests of all parties

and will put the security of the region at a great risk.

Mr. President,

Iraq is concerned about the tragic situation of the Palestinian People which is the

result of Israeli Practices which are incompatible with international laws and customs and

international humanitarian law. Iraq is doing everything in its capacity to support the

struggle of Palestinian People in getting all its inalienable rights, in particular establish its

independent state on their homeland, with its capital Jerusalem, and in this regard, Iraq

endorses and supports the direction of the Palestinian Authority to go to the United

Nations to achieve full international recognition of a Palestinian state during the meeting

of the current session of the General Assembly, and calls on the international community

and all peace-loving forces to stand by the Palestinian people in their legitimate struggle

to achieve its goals, and demanding the Israeli government to fully withdraw from all

Arab territories occupied in 1967.This would contribute to the settlement of the Arab-

Israeli conflict, and to bring comprehensiveand fair peace in this vital region of the world.

Making the Middle East an area that is free from weapons of mass destruction is

considered a vital matter to achieve peace, security and stability, and this requires Israel

to join the Non Proliferation Treaty and to put its nuclear facilities under the safeguards

system of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

The countries of the Arab world are witnessing significant developments and

unprecedented reforms and political changes, the effects of those will be reflected on the

future of the whole region, and will extend to areas beyond their effects. Iraq as an early

actor in initiating this change supports the struggle of the people of the region in order to

gain their freedom and to choose their political system and their right to peaceful

demonstrations and protests in the so-called Arab spring. We hope that these changes

contribute to regional stability and security and to avoid anything that might threaten the

unity and sovereignty of the countries of the region or stirs strife or sectarian and ethnic

conflicts.

In the area of international cooperation, Iraq will work to develop his cooperation

with all countries that stood with it and supported it in the stability of the ongoing

political process and the strengthening it and in reconstruction. We refer here to the

United States of America and to the European Union, when we mention these two parties

we mention them not because they are the only ones that stood with Iraq, but because we

are linked by mechanisms of action that should be implemented. There are many friends,

who stood with us in the difficult times we have witnessed, and we will keep and

remember this favor, and we will develop relations of cooperation with them. After the

withdrawal of United States forces from Iraq by end of this year we will work to enhance

and expand the scope of cooperation based on the strategic framework agreement signed

between the two countries in 2008, the relations according to this agreement will be for

the long-term and will cover all aspects of life. The situation is the same with the

European Union, After finishing drafting the Partnership and Cooperation agreement

between Iraq and the European Union and the possible signing of the agreement in the

near future and the signing of the memorandum of understanding on the Strategic

Partnership in the field of energy between Iraq and the European Union. The cooperation

between the two parties will take a broader scope in various fields covered by this

agreement. Our economic, Commercial and political relations with the People's Republic

of China are expanding. Our relations with neighboring countries, Arab countries, India

and Pakistan are also constantly improving.

In the area of the relationship with the United Nations, we will continue in the

approach of constructive cooperation with all United Nations bodies, in the forefront of

these is the Security Council and the General Secretariat and will keep the commitments

which we made to ourselves. I would like to take this opportunity to express my

appreciation for the efforts made by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General,

Mr. Ed Melkert throughout his time in Iraq, and I wish himsuccess and good health for

him and his family, and I welcome the new representative of the secretary-general, and

we will continue our cooperation with him in a way which enable him to carry out these

tasks in accordance with resolution 1770 and the subsequent resolutions. The United

Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) will receive all forms of support,

assistance and in particular during the next phase, and we will do our best to provide the

necessary protection for its staff and premises.

Mr.President

We look forward with confidence and optimism to the future, and we are working on

Iraq to become, as it is one of the emerging democracies and with the attributes of

richness in natural and human resources, an important factor in regional stability, security

and prosperity and as a living example of democracy and federalism, voluntary coexistence

of different ethnic and sectarian groups.

Thank You

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I read it in the speech, but is it actually true? If so, that is huge! A very nice way to start off the Autumn (or Spring) biggrin.gif

"In addition to this, we were able to get rid of the sanctions and restrictions imposed

on Iraq as a result of the invasion of Kuwait. Based on Security Council Resolutions

1956, 1957 and 1958, adopted on 15 December 2010, Iraq has been freed completely

from all of the restrictions imposed on it which have prevented the country from

benefiting from scientific and technological advances, and Iraq has gained its sovereignty

in regards to its financial resources."

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I am totally confused! It definitely appears that Iraq is free from all sanctions (ie., there is mention that they not under arms restrictions anymore) but, I am also reading that this happened in December 15, 2010?! Is there something I am missing here? Have we been waiting for something that happened almost a year ago? lol

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I read it in the speech, but is it actually true? If so, that is huge! A very nice way to start off the Autumn (or Spring) biggrin.gif

"In addition to this, we were able to get rid of the sanctions and restrictions imposed

on Iraq as a result of the invasion of Kuwait. Based on Security Council Resolutions

1956, 1957 and 1958, adopted on 15 December 2010, Iraq has been freed completely

from all of the restrictions imposed on it which have prevented the country from

benefiting from scientific and technological advances, and Iraq has gained its sovereignty

in regards to its financial resources."

"

In addition to this, we were able to get rid of the sanctions and restrictions imposed

on Iraq as a result of the invasion of Kuwait. "

Are there sanctions they still have for other reasons though?

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