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MP for Barzani's party: This is the last chance for Mohammed Shia al-Sudanese to have zero problems

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Baghdad - Iraq Today:

A member of the Parliamentary Finance Committee, Ikhlas Al-Dulaimi, announced that the general budget will range between 130-140 trillion dinars, noting that it will be sent even if it lacks some schedules, as it can be completed in cooperation between the government. and the Finance Committee.

Ikhlas Al-Dulaimi said in a press interview regarding the sending of the general budget law that "the last day of the legislative term is the sixth of December 2022, and in the event that the budget does not reach the Iraqi parliament, the parliament will take the legislative recess, which extends for a month or more.”

She added that the budget "will be sent even if it lacks some schedules, as it will be adjusted later between the federal government and the finance committee in parliament."

She indicated that the government is “serious, and has a draft in effect with the Ministries of Finance and Planning, which is prepared for the year 2021, and some amendments may occur to it, such as the price of oil or the total budget and the opening of the door to exchange because there will be an appointment for certificate holders, ” and it is likely that the budget will be submitted to Parliament. at the required time.”

Regarding the visit of the President of the Kurdistan Region, Nechirvan Barzani, to Baghdad, Ikhlas Al-Dulaimi stated that “its echo was positive and calmed, with the re-exchange of trust between the two parties and other political parties, which created a positive atmosphere for approving the budget, and sending a delegation by the President of the Kurdistan Regional Government, pleased Barzani, and to clarify the plans, projects and budget of the Kurdistan region, in a calm atmosphere through coordination between the ministries of the region and their counterparts in the federal government, through working committees.

Regarding the role of the Kurds in Baghdad, she revealed that “there are signs of understanding between all parties with the Kurdistan Democratic Party,” pointing out that “the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party have great understandings, especially in strategic matters, including the budget and oil laws.” 

A member of the Iraqi Parliament, she stated that “laws and constitutions are not taken into account, but rather the political side plays a major role in the understandings,” stressing that “this is the last opportunity for Muhammad Shia’ al-Sudani to clear up the problems in Iraq in general.”

And she warned that “if al-Sudani fails in this mission, there will be no other opportunity for any government to be established in the future, and if it does not succeed, it will be the end of the regime in Iraq.”

Ikhlas al-Dulaimi, she noted that the prime minister “will not go in the direction of approving any law that would create a rift between the components, because he is certain of the sensitivity of the stage,” noting that the KDP “always resorts to the constitution.”

Regarding the share of the Kurdistan region in the budget, Al-Dulaimi explained that it “depends on population density, as in Iraq in general, and this step is implemented by the Ministry of Planning (in the Kurdistan region), which will send its data to its counterpart in the center, and adopt it in approving the budget.”

And she added that the share of the Kurdistan Region “reached 13.9% in the year 2021, but due to the increase in the population due to the increase in births and migration to the Kurdistan Region, the numbers may be on the rise and thus will affect the share of the budget.”

And she added that the share, based on the recent survey, should be 16% or 15.9%, but that “depends on negotiations between the delegation of the Kurdistan region and the federal government.” 

The representative of the Democratic Party, I suggested that the total amount of the budget ranges from “130-140 trillion dinars.”

With regard to Article 140, Al-Dulaimi commented on it by saying, “The problem of Article 140 is great, the previous governments did not deal with it seriously, all its allocations are very simple, and do not rise to the formation of committees, conducting a census, normalization, etc.,” pointing out that what was allocated to it ranged between 20 And 70 billion dinars.

In her capacity as a representative of the regions included in Article 140, such as al-Hamdaniya and Makhmur, she confirmed that these regions “suffer from problems, and the federal government allocates a small budget for these regions.”

In this context, he pointed out that “in the previous session, we enacted the food security law, and we allocated one trillion and 55 billion to the Nineveh governorate, considering that it includes 4 districts from the areas of Article 140. The federal government, noting that the amount sent in addition to the frozen sums and those from stabilization support and the reconstruction fund amount to more than 2 trillion dinars. 

It considered that the maximum amount that can be allocated to the committees of the regions covered by Article 140 is 100 billion dinars, within the next budget.

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Turkmen parties and deputies: The application of Article 140 will ignite a civil war in Kirkuk



On Saturday, the Turkmen parties and deputies renewed their position rejecting the application of Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, warning at the same time of the possibility of a "civil war" in the disputed province of Kirkuk between Erbil and Baghdad if the procedures for the application of this article proceed.

This came in a joint press conference held by the head of the Turkmen Front Hasan Turan with representatives of Turkmen parties and deputies of the component in which he read a joint statement issued by them after a meeting they held today at the headquarters of the Turkmen Front.

Turan said during his reading of the statement, "What has been circulated by some officials about the revival of Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, which was referred to in the government program with the complicity of everyone and the absence of Turkmen, the clear position of the Turkmens is that this article failed to find sustainable and peaceful solutions to the issue of Kirkuk and the positive paragraphs in it related to resolving property disputes and returning the lands seized by the former regime have not been implemented so far."

He added that "the report of the United Nations mission on this article has clearly indicated that the paragraphs contained in this article, such as the referendum, may be a reason for igniting the civil war between the components of Kirkuk," according to the statement.

The meeting also denounced - as in the statement - what they called "the deliberate absence of the forces of the State Administration Coalition to the representatives of the Turkmen component in the meetings held by the coalition, as if there are secret items that have been agreed upon and some fear that the Iraqi people will see them at a time when we fully believe that any solution to the issue of the so-called disputed areas is through constructive dialogue and with the participation of the components of Kirkuk province, and we will not accept the conclusion of deals or agreements between Baghdad and Erbil, which proved to be a failure. in previous years."

The meeting expressed their rejection of "the inclusion of the province of Kirkuk and other Turkmen regions by the recent decision of the Council of Ministers to own houses built on agricultural land unless the file of property disputes is resolved and the land is returned to its legitimate owners due to the crack it causes in the societal peace in the province and the loss of the rights of the legitimate owners of the land, considering that "it will be a cause for demographic change prohibited by Article 23 of the Iraqi Constitution."

Turan also went on to say, "The forces forming the State Administration Alliance are still procrastinating in assigning one of the ministerial and political positions to the Turkmen component with a clear intention to marginalize the Turkmen component."

"This marginalization and silence forces us to take escalatory steps to defend our national and national existence," the head of the Turkmen Front said.

Justice Minister Khaled Shwani recently announced the activation of Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, which has been suspended since 2014, which affected the discontent of the Arab and Turkmen components in the disputed areas.

Kirkuk is one of the disputed areas between Erbil and Baghdad covered by Article 140 of the constitution, and was under the joint authority of the Kurdistan Region and the federal government before the independence referendum held by the region in September 2017.

Article 140 provides for the removal of demographic policies conducted by Saddam Hussein's regime in the disputed areas in favor of the Arabs at the expense of the Kurds, and then the census of the population before the final step of holding a referendum according to which the population determines whether they wish to join the Kurdistan Region or remain under Baghdad's administration.

The implementation phases of the article were to be completed by the end of 2007, but security and political problems prevented this.

In 2019, the Federal Supreme Court ruled that Article (140) of the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq remains in force, stressing that this will continue until its requirements are implemented and the goal of its legislation is achieved.

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The Arab Council in Kirkuk: We refuse to let Kirkuk and its people be a price for forming this government and reviving Article 140

Kirkuk / NINA /- The Arab Council in Kirkuk announced its refusal to revive Article 140 in Kirkuk.

He said in a statement, that at a time when the province of Kirkuk, thanks to the plan to enforce the law on 10/16/2017, is enjoying high security stability and a well-established peaceful coexistence among all components, the political parties that participated in forming the government are trying to activate (Article 140) of the constitution to satisfy the parties Kurdish, which participated in the formation of the government.

He added that everyone knows that the Iraqi constitution was written in haste and contains a lot of mines, and not all previous governments were able to implement many of its articles, especially Article 140, which, if implemented in all its stages, will lead Kirkuk governorate into the unknown.

The Arab Council affirmed that the stage of normalization was in which the broad powers granted to the Article 140 Committee were abused, especially in the Kirkuk office, which exceeded its powers granted to it and canceled many agricultural contracts that were not included and entered and registered large numbers of citizens who are not from Kirkuk under the pretext that they are deported, and the most recent change A large demographic is in favor of the Kurdish parties, and it is not possible to conduct a census and a population referendum in light of this distorted reality.

The statement made it clear that we, in the Unified Arab Council in Kirkuk, were and still are, as you have entrusted us, at the forefront of defenders of the right in general and of the right of the Arab component in its crucial issues. On the Iraqiness of Kirkuk and the peaceful coexistence among its people./ End
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Sudanese government faces a "difficult test" in managing the Kirkuk oil file

Voice of Iraq | Sudanese government faces a "difficult test" in managing the Kirkuk oil file (

Voice of Iraq | Sudanese government faces a "difficult test" in managing the Kirkuk oil file (

The Independent Arabic newspaper published a report on what it described as the "difficult test" facing the government of Prime Minister Mohammed Shia al-Sudani, who began his duties two months ago, which is to manage the Kurdish oil file, while pointing out that the oil of Kirkuk province represents a "mine" in the way of understandings between Baghdad and Erbil.

The newspaper said in a report: "Amid cautious optimism, the governments of Baghdad and the Kurdistan Region have entered a new chapter of negotiations aimed at untying their accumulated differences due to the difference in the interpretation of the articles of the constitution and the absence of solutions to a settlement in a country that has been suffering for two decades from political conflict and a state of polarization imposed by its ethnically and sectarianly diverse demographics."

She added: "In addition to the dispute over the share of the Kurds in the federal budget comes the dispute over the formula for managing Kurdish oil, as the file of Article 140 of the constitution on settling the conflict over the conflict areas between the two sides, most notably the oil-rich province of Kirkuk, represents one of the intractable files, as a result of the fears of Arabs and Turkmen about annexing it to the Kurdish region."

"These fears have recently increased in light of talk that the Shiite Coordination Framework alliance close to Iran will conclude a bargain with the Kurds that led to the formation of the new federal government headed by Mohammed Shia al-Sudani," she said.

Difficult labor

The journalist continued: "According to these data, the Sudanese government faces a difficult test in the possibility of finding a balanced solution formula as long as successive Iraqi governments have failed to settle it, especially since the Arab and Turkmen parties strongly reject Kurdish ambitions to annex Kirkuk to the Kurdistan region, and adhere to their demand to make the province a region of the Baghdad government."

"The Kurds claim that in Kirkuk and most of the conflict areas, they were subjected to a systematic Arabization campaign during the former regime, while Turkmen, Arabs and Kurds are accused of waging an opposite campaign to refine their areas after the fall of the regime in 2003 by bringing citizens from the region and housing them there," she said.

"The announcement of the reinstatement of Article 140 last week, following a meeting of leaders of the State Administration Alliance, which constitutes the parliamentary majority and includes the main Kurdish and Shiite forces close to Iran with the exception of the Sadrist movement, and Sunnis, provoked strong objection by Turkmen and Arab forces," she said.

No solution without consensus

It quoted Ali Mahdi Sadiq, a member of the Kirkuk Leadership Council in the Turkmen Front, as saying that "the problem of Kirkuk is complex, since 2003 it has not been solved through the presence of one or two parties in the administration."

Sadiq added that "experience has shown that it is not possible to solve the crisis without the consensus of the three parties, Turkmen, Arabs and Kurds, because there are permanent and continuous differences in all joints, and the conclusion of any agreement between Erbil and Baghdad in the absence of one of the parties concerned will not have a result, and this will inevitably be strongly rejected."

Regarding the Kurds' obtaining promises from the forces of the "Coordination Framework", Sadiq said that "the Kurds had better agree with the Turkmens first, because they had already agreed with the leaders of the Framework Alliance in previous governments without any results, and then they (the Kurds) even if they agreed with the Americans without the Turkmens, they will not get anything, because the experiment of imposing unilateral control has repeatedly failed."

"There is no objection to the application of Article 140 without violations, but the Kurdish brothers brought citizens from outside the residents of Kirkuk, and seized the property of others, and if they boast about the issue of Arabization, it is not permissible to practice refining at the expense of the Turkmen," he said.

The newspaper warned that "Article 140 is concerned with solving the problem of areas that have undergone demographic change during the rule of former President Saddam Hussein, through three stages, namely normalization and conducting a census before holding a referendum to determine their fate, whether by staying within the administration of the federal government or joining the Kurdistan region, but the stages of its application have stalled due to the political and security crises that have ravaged the country over the past two decades."

Keys to solutions

Sadiq proposed "a solution that satisfies the Turkmen component, which is to find a consensus formula for the administration through the UN mission," and wondered why this tension was raised again when the federal forces proved their effectiveness by not having any security breach in the governorate center.

He added that the Turkmens "do not have difficult conditions other than achieving partnership in the administration between the components, while giving the security file to the federal forces exclusively, the Kurds have taken their share in assuming the post of governor for 14 years, and the Arabs about five years, so why do not the Turkmens, who are a major component, have the right to assume the position?"

The newspaper continued: "The view of the Arab population seems to be similar to the Turkmens in rejecting the return of the Kurds to the administration of the province according to the previous formula before their withdrawal in the fall of 2017, after Baghdad took measures against the Kurdistan region as punishment for running in a referendum for secession."

Back to back

For his part, Sheikh Burhan Mazarhom al-Asi, a member of the provincial council for the Arab component, says that "the problem is purely political and not social, because we have strong ties with the Kurdish brothers, and it is not easy to disintegrate, but in reality everyone has long suffered from Article 140, which expired constitutionally in 2007, as for the dispute on some issues such as the issue of land ownership and others, it can be resolved through the judiciary, the agreement between the governments of Erbil and Baghdad cannot be relied on exclusively because it often meets the interests of certain parties at the expense of others."

"Kirkuk is experiencing good stability, and there seems to be an attempt to return to square one," al-Assi said.

According to the newspaper, politicians and observers believe that "political conflicts have always been an obstacle to successive governments being able to solve the file, as the Shiite and Sunni forces refuse to give the Kurds the majority in these areas, especially Kirkuk, at the expense of the weight of Arabs and Turkmens who adhere to staying under the control of the federal government, and therefore the forces in Baghdad may not go far in bargaining with the Kurds except on less important files, such as allowing the Democratic Party to reopen its headquarters and grant administrative positions to the Kurdish forces, as well as "The deployment of joint military and security forces to fill security vacuums, which means that disagreement over the core points of the actual implementation of the article will continue."

Insistence on refusal

Al-Assi questioned "the significance of attempts to return Kurdish forces or security services to Kirkuk despite the fact that they enjoy the rule of law, while areas in the Kurdistan region still need Kurdish forces more than the province, as the region where foreign forces face off has security tensions on the borders with Iran and Turkey, and it also suffers from internal disputes."

Based on this vision, al-Assi ruled out "the return of the country or Kirkuk to the situation created by the post-2003 conditions, when the US forces came and the Kurdish forces entered with them, and even the Kurdish citizen in the province changed, and now everyone is looking for stability to secure his interests and guarantee his livelihood."

"Article 140 has failed to make any progress for nearly two decades, because it exists to create strife, otherwise what does it mean to raise issues that are decades old, for example, my parents and grandparents owned vast agricultural provinces, so is it permissible for me to demand them today according to laws that prevailed decades ago?"

The newspaper pointed out that "this comes at a time when Kurdish media are talking about a heavy deployment of security forces (Kurdish neighborhoods only), and reported that these forces carry out night operations in the neighborhoods and set up controls during the day, which called on the Kurdish forces in the province to demand that President Abdul Latif Rashid intervene to stop the constitutional and legal violations practiced against the residents of Kirkuk, especially the Kurds, and end the militarization of the province, stop discrimination between its neighborhoods and regions in administrative terms, and hand over security to the police. the local people of the province and the removal of the army and popular mobilization forces."

Evasion of majority recognition

The newspaper continued: "On the other hand, the Kurds deny the allegations that the deadline for the application of the article expired by a decision issued by the Federal Supreme Court in 2019 "as it is still in force until the completion of the application of its main paragraphs," according to a member of the parliamentary committee of regions and provinces for the Kurdistan Democratic Party bloc, Sherwan Al-Dobardani, who stressed "the importance of applying the constitution without selectivity, not as some political forces want."

"Thousands of Arabs before the Kurds received compensation through some steps to implement the article, and it is strange that the process of compensating those affected continued in the central and southern regions, while it was suspended in conflict areas," he said.

"Why fear the demand to annex Kirkuk to the region when the people of the province will choose their fate through an official referendum, does this not indicate that the Kurds constitute the majority?" he asked. Moreover, this is not secession, since the region is part of Iraq, it is only an administrative issue."

The newspaper pointed out that "it is worth mentioning that the head of the Turkmen parliamentary bloc, Arshad Al-Salhi, accused the main Kurdish forces following the decision to reactivate the article "of seeking to control the oil of Kirkuk province despite the fact that the article failed to achieve anything after 20 years," warning that the decision "would ignite absurd wars and tear the unity of the social fabric."

Stumble beyond control

In the position of Al-Salhi's statements, Al-Dobardani said that it is "a political bidding that is usually launched with every occasion to inflame the emotions of citizens, and then the failure to apply the article had objective reasons, and not as Al-Salhi pointed out that it failed because of its uselessness, as the country went through a sectarian war that tore the Iraqi fabric and the security situation in general, and then the occupation of (ISIS) for a third of the country's area, and then the emergence of the Corona pandemic, and we see today that the conditions have become suitable for its application."

In the contents of the formula for the return of the Kurds to Kirkuk, Al-Dobardani explained that it is "related to the reopening of the headquarters of our party, which withdrew in protest against the entry of the army and the Popular Mobilization Forces in the events of 2017, and today it has the right, like any political party, to regain its headquarters from the forces it occupies today, while the return of the Peshmerga forces will be within the agreements, and there are joint forces, and the 20th Brigade was formed to hold the security spaces between the region and Baghdad." Al-Dobardani expressed surprise at the fears of Arabs and Turkmen about the return of the Peshmerga and Kurdish security services to the province, saying, "Isn't the Peshmerga part of the Iraqi defense system constitutionally?"

However, Raed Fahmy, former head of the Article 140 Committee, admitted in press statements that political forces "lack the will to proceed with the implementation of the articles beyond the normalization stage, because the rest of the stages are shrouded in ambiguity."

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A leader in the Kurdistan Democratic Party calls for the inclusion of those affected by the October 16 betrayal with compensation for Article 140

Voice of Iraq | A leader in the Kurdistan Democratic Party calls for the inclusion of those affected by the October 16 betrayal with compensation for Article 140 (

A leader in the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) considered on Sunday the reactivation of the Supreme Committee for the Implementation of Article 140 of the Constitution related to the Kurdistan regions outside the administration of the Kurdistan Region, or the so-called (disputed) "a very important step," stressing the need for "the committee to include good and loyal people."

Dr. Kamal Kirkuki, a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Democratic Bureau and the official of the Kirkuk Organizations Office of the party, demanded in a statement to BasNews that "the compensation of those affected according to Article 140 of the Constitution includes hundreds of thousands of Kurdish families who were also affected after the betrayal of October 16, 2017, especially since the intensive Arabization process has resumed since that date."

Kirkuki stressed "the need to erase all traces of demographic change and Arabization, and to return all arrivals who were brought to the borders of Article 140 areas after October 16 to their original places from which they were brought."

The "State Administration" coalition, which includes most of the political forces participating in the federal Iraqi government, decided on November 28 to reconstitute the Supreme Committee for the Implementation of Article 140 of the Constitution.

In turn, Iraqi Justice Minister Khaled Shwani said in this regard, that "by a decision of the Prime Minister, it was decided to re-form the Supreme Committee for the Implementation of Article 140, which was suspended in 2014."

He added that "the committee will meet within ten days, to prepare an estimated budget to compensate those covered by the article, and submit it to the Council of Ministers for inclusion in the general budget."

According to Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution approved in 2005, the future of Kirkuk and the rest of the Kurdish regions outside the administration of the Kurdistan Region, or the so-called (disputed) was supposed to be decided in three stages, starting with normalization and then statistics, to be followed by a local referendum on the ownership of those areas, but this was not implemented due to political differences.

وكان يتعين تطبيق المادة 140 خلال مدة لا تتعدى عام 2007 بحسب الدستور. ورغم محاولات بعض الأطراف السياسية العراقية التملص من تطبيقها، أصر إقليم كوردستان طوال الأعوام الماضية على أنها مازالت نافذة ، وهو ما أكدته أيضاً المحكمة الاتحادية العليا في العراق ، في وقت سابق.

For her part, the head of the Kurdistan Regions Committee outside the administration of the Kurdistan Region, in the Kurdistan Parliament, Joan Younis Rojbiani, confirmed last Tuesday that the Supreme Committee for the Implementation of Article 140 of the Constitution related to the Kurdistan Regions outside the administration of the Kurdistan Region or the so-called (disputed) had been suspended from work in 2014, noting that they in the Kurdistan Parliamentary Regions Committee had called for the reactivation of the Supreme Committee because the stages of implementing Article 140 need to remain This committee is activated.

"There is another parliamentary committee in the Iraqi parliament also called the Interim Committee for Article 140, whose task is to monitor the work of the Supreme Committee for the Implementation of this Constitutional Article, and this committee, in turn, needs to be reactivated," Rojbiani told BasNews.

She continued by saying that one of the other tasks of the Supreme Committee for the Implementation of Article 140 is to prevent the Arabization policy and return the Arabs coming from the rest of Iraq to the Kurdish areas outside the administration of the Kurdistan Region to their places of origin.

She explained, "The Supreme Committee for the Implementation of Article 140 of the Constitutional powers to implement the remaining stages of this article."

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Oh boy, how far back can you go? It time to deal

with the reality at hand. I personally believe that the Turkmen should have their own country as decided after WWI, but that’s not gonna happen. The Kurds even had a referendum in 2017, that’s not gonna happen. Time to just deal with the landscape as it is now. 

I hope this implementation of Article 140 continues as it is the path toward regional stability moving into the future. And, I’m hopeful it doesn’t start another war.

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Turan: We will not give up our legitimate rights and renew our refusal to activate Article 140 and forfeit Kirkuk and the gains of imposing the law

The head of theIraqi Turkmen Front warned against reactivating Article 140 of the Iraqi Constitution, which was referred to in the government program, and the absence of the Turkmens again that the Turkmen position is that this article failed to find sustainable and peaceful solutions to the issue of Kirkuk, and that the report of the United Nations mission on this article has clearly indicated that the paragraphs contained in this article, such as the referendum, may be a reason for igniting the civil war between the components of the province, and that the UNAMI negotiations are a map The only way to ensure sustainable solutions to the issue of Kirkuk. This came in an expanded dialogue seminar held in the city of Kirkuk in the presence of the vice-presidents of the Iraqi Turkmen Front, members of the political bureau, organizational leaders, directors of state departments, tribal, religious, educational, cultural and social figures and civil society organizations.

The head of the Iraqi Turkmen Front said that 10/12 is the day of the great victory and the anniversary of the declaration of Iraq's victory over the terrorist organization ISIS, and Turan praised the Turkmen role in fighting the terrorist organization ISIS during the years 2014 -2017, stressing that the Turkmen made a lot of martyrs and sacrifices in order to preserve the unity of Iraq and liberate many areas, and that the Turkmen areas were subjected to serious violations by terrorist elements.
"The Turkmens at every stage are marginalized in the joints of the Iraqi state, reiterating the Turkmens' readiness to defend Iraq at all times," he said.
He talked about the reactivation of Article 140, and the stages in which it was written after 2003, through the course of the political process and the fixed Turkmen positions, leading to the marginalization of the Turkmen in the negotiations to form the government, and plans to strike the Turkmen identity and seize Turkmen areas.
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