Guest views are now limited to 12 pages. If you get an "Error" message, just sign in! If you need to create an account, click here.

Jump to content

    Full endorsement on this opportunity - but it's limited, so get in while you can!

Iraq’s Economy: Floating Over Oil and Turbulences


Recommended Posts

Iraq’s Economy: Floating Over Oil and Turbulences

Published August 31st, 2022 - 02:30 GMT  

Iraq’s Economy: Floating Over Oil and Turbulences


Iraq is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of resources, but Iraq’s economy is nowhere as rich.


If we were to look at the Iraqi economy, we need to examine the different phases the country has gone through over the last three or more decades.

While Iraq is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of valuable natural resources, namely oil and gas, the country's potential remains unlocked due to decades of political storms, violent conflicts, and deep corruption.

Over the past few weeks, Iraq lived through yet another major political hurdle, one that reignited fears of its economy facing a new set of challenges.


Iraq’s Economy


Overview of Iraq’s Economy

  • Iraq is a country of +40 million people, with literacy rates exceeding 85.60% and a GDP per capita approaching $5900 USD.
  • Iraq's most valuable commodity is oil, making its economy overwhelmingly reliant on its oil wealth.
  • Oil makes up 99% of oil exports, 85% of its government budget, and 42% of its GDP.
  • On a global rank, Iraq has the world's 5th biggest reserve of oil and is the 6th largest producer, offering the world about 4% of its oil needs.
  • Iraq is also rich in natural gas, being the 33rd-largest producer, and has the world's 12th-largest reserves.
  • Iraq's non-oil economy is largely driven by the country's sectors of agriculture, food processing, chemicals, fertilizer, textile, leather goods, construction materials, tobacco, paper, and others.

These figures sadly do not match Iraq's economic reality, as the country still lacks developed infrastructurebasic health services, or even oil-derived services such as consistent electricity

Challenges Facing Iraq's Economy

As a matter of fact, Iraq's economy is suffering acute consequences of the different crises that rocked the country for decades, starting from years of Western-imposed sanctions during the 1990s, the US military intervention in 2003, the civil war during the 2000s, the global economic shock in 2008, the battle against ISIS in mid-2010s, and finally the economic meltdown caused by COVID19 in 2020.

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, Iraq had lived through several months of mass protests by average Iraqis who had demanded better living conditions and an end to the country's, then, unemployment crisis among youth, which had reached (25%).

 However, protests that started in October 2019 were interrupted by the outbreak of COVID-19, the pandemic that aggravated the Iraqi economy's status. 


Being an oil-reliant economy, Iraq received a major blow in 2020, as oil prices dipped to historic lows, severely affecting the country's budget. During 2020, Iraq's GDP shrank by 11.3%, before being able to climb by 1.3% in 2021, as oil prices rebounded globally.

Each of these crises has left its mark on the Iraqi economy, making it hard for its oil wealth to make up for the volatile economy.

Currently, Iraq's unemployment rate among youth exceeds 35% and government revenues are experiencing slow growth, thanks to soaring oil prices throughout 2022. However, the country's economy will remain prone to instability and turbulence as long as political instability continues and as long as its wealth is still as dependent on the oil industry.’s-economy-floating-over-oil-and-turbulences-1489473



  • Thanks 1
  • Upvote 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

What's sad is everyone else in the world knows what Iraq has, and what's possible. But unfortunately, the corrupt country of Iraq knows only one way and the corrupt are very wealthy with no consequences. So, we need to ask ourselves; If you could steal and kill with no response, why would you change things? It kind of sounds like what's happening in our country doesn't it! Its very sad. the only way I see any change is what the Iraqi people are starting to do now, which is to rebel and fight until maybe, just maybe, they might be able to crack that wall of corruption to a point where they can live somewhat of a normal life. I say somewhat because it will never be free from the scum that keeps the people down. Again, it sounds familiar. 

  • Like 1
  • Thanks 1
  • Confused 1
  • Upvote 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.

Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.


  • Recently Browsing   0 members

    • No registered users viewing this page.
  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use.