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Uncovering Iraqi-Egyptian summits and activating agreements between the two countries


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  Cairo: Esraa Khalifa
 
It is expected that the capital, Baghdad, will host tomorrow, Sunday, the tripartite summit between Iraq, Egypt and Jordan, after it was postponed twice due to emergency circumstances.
An official diplomatic source told "Al-Sabah" correspondent in Cairo: "Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi will go to Baghdad to hold the tripartite summit that includes Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi and King Abdullah II of Jordan."
And the source indicated that "the summit comes to activate all the agreements of the three countries that were signed during the last period," noting that "it is being held in Baghdad as a continuation of the previous two summits in Egypt and Jordan."
In this context, "Al-Sabah" learned that the Iraqi ambassador in Cairo and the permanent representative to the League of Arab States, Ahmed Nayef Al-Dulaimi, arrived in Baghdad to participate in receiving the official Egyptian and Jordanian delegations.  
And political sources had reported earlier that the tripartite summit between the leaders of Iraq, Egypt and Jordan would be held in Baghdad early this week, after the three countries had agreed on the date.
Experts and analysts expect that the "New Levant" joint project between Egypt, Jordan and Iraq will top the tripartite summit, including cooperation in economic and investment fields between the three countries, in addition to being a candidate to include other Arab countries.
In turn, Representative Yonadam Kanna considered Iraq's hosting of the tripartite summit, which includes it, Jordan and Egypt, as new Arab support for him.
He said in a press interview: "The tripartite summit in Baghdad is a new emphasis on and promotion of common interests, and a continuation of the previous two summits in Amman and Cairo." 
Kanna added, "Although the agenda has not been announced yet, but in my estimation, that what was previously proposed will be repeated and emphasized in terms of common interests, trade exchange, border security, electrical connection, and others." Regarding the possibility of inviting Syria to join the three countries, he said: "The matter is It's early due to international pressure." 
And Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi said during his visit to Washington: that he intends to enter into a strategic project called "The New Levant", as he made it clear that it is an economic project on the European model that brings Baghdad to Cairo, and Amman joined it later. The project is not limited to these three countries, but rather a candidate for the inclusion of other Arab countries, and the "new Levant", according to strategic experts, depends on the enormous oil wealth owned by Iraq, in exchange for the huge human mass of Egypt, and Jordan joins them due to its geographical location that links Iraq with Egypt.
 
 
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 Baghdad: Israa Khalifa
 
The Arab political and economic circles are awaiting the results of the tripartite summit between Iraq, Egypt and Jordan, especially the strategic project put forward by Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi, "The New Orient", which is a major breakthrough in the relations between the three countries. 
The managing editor of Al-Ahram Economic, Ahmed Al-Sebaei, told Al-Sabah: "There is no doubt that the Iraqi-Egyptian and Jordanian relations extend throughout history, and this tripartite summit is a consolidation of joint Arab action to address the multiple and grave challenges that afflict the Arab nation in its current stage; and it is very important as it strengthens The trade exchange and the important projects that were agreed upon in advance, such as the electrical connection, energy, food and others, will benefit all these countries.”
He explained, "The reconstruction of Iraq is the most important file that the Egyptians seek to achieve strategic integration, also targeting various development projects for the well-being of the peoples, especially after these projects were stopped as a result of the spread of the Corona pandemic."
Al-Sibai added, "What makes us happy is the optimism expressed by Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, for the establishment of the so-called "New Orient" entity to include the three countries and to be a nucleus for the inclusion of the countries of the region that are united by language, religion and common geographical borders with their enormous capabilities and with a strong will by the three leaders and a conscious administration Which we see with these leaders for the growth of their people and the entire Arab region, and this core is important for mutual benefit.
He pointed out, "We are waiting for this summit to result in new decisions that will benefit the three countries," noting that "trade exchange and investment between these countries at the current stage do not rise to the level of ambition despite the enormous capabilities that exist in our countries, but the will of the leaders." The three confirm that we are on the threshold of a new stage of economic integration and overcoming all obstacles." 
For his part, political analyst Nabil Negm explained that "the tripartite summit at the level of the three leaders is exceptional to implement what the leaders agreed upon last August, and the "New Mashreq" project will top the talks of the three leaders, including cooperation in the economic, investment and political fields." Najm pointed out, "The New Mashreq project, launched by Al-Kazemi, during his visit to America last year, which he confirmed that it represents an economic project on the European pattern to form a regional bloc that faces challenges in the region, as the project depends on economic and investment pillars between the three countries, which is the human capital in Egypt, the oil wealth in Iraq, and the geographical location of Jordan, noting that  
The Assistant Secretary-General of the League of Arab States, Ambassador Hossam Zaki, had confirmed to (INA) that "this summit will deepen and consolidate relations between the three countries," noting that "the League of Arab States looks positively at tripartite cooperation."
He added, "The summit will raise the interest of the Arab peoples and how to achieve the greatest degree of harmony, consensus and coordination in Arab economic and political interests."
He pointed out that "the collective Arab model is a good thing that is encouraged by the university, and we look at it positively.
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 Baghdad: Huda Al-Azzawi 
Experts, political analysts and parliamentarians confirmed that the tripartite Baghdad summit, which is expected to be held today, Sunday, in which Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi will host Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi and Jordanian King Abdullah II, will open wide not only in the field of economy and politics, but in all security, cultural and military fields. , indicating that the "New Orient" project, which Al-Kazemi had previously announced, could achieve integration between the three countries due to the economic, human and political weight they possess that contributes to achieving a comprehensive renaissance and development in the region.
Director of the Iraqi Center for Strategic Studies, Dr. Ghazi Faisal Hussein, said in an exclusive interview with "Al-Sabah", that "the tripartite summit between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt in Baghdad will constitute an important station in the relations of economic integration, and as a reminder, international relations in international law are based primarily on complementary relations." In the field of economy, politics and security," he said, "The European Union after World War II constitutes an important station as it was built on an economic basis and economic relations."
He pointed out that "the three countries, Egypt, Jordan and Iraq, constitute more than 140 million people, and this gathering and economic space can reach integration between the three countries, and the annual gross domestic product is more than 400 billion dollars."
He explained that "there are huge capabilities in Egypt in the field of gas, energy and industrial capabilities, and we recall that Egypt after World War II used to produce and manufacture light aircraft and others and developed industries and agriculture, and therefore the integration between Iraq, Egypt and Jordan will constitute a basic plan to restore at least 50 thousand disabled factories." It has been in Iraq since 2003 until today, and it is developing Iraq’s capabilities in the field of electrical energy, especially since Baghdad announced that 80% of the electrical transmission network has been connected with neighboring countries and the Gulf, and this is a great achievement.”
Hussein indicated, "Extending an oil pipeline from Basra to Aqaba and then to the Sinai desert will constitute an important station for building petrochemical industries in the three countries and building bases for logistical support between them, and industrial cities can also constitute a vital element in order to absorb unemployment in Iraq, which has exceeded, according to Ministry estimates Planning to reach 15 million unemployed people, 10 million below the poverty line, and 4 million families spread in slums, and the Commission for Human Rights has announced that it expects poverty rates to rise to a third of the population of Iraq,” noting that “this is a major catastrophe, and if industries are not modernized, operated and re-established.” Moving investment and agriculture, Iraq cannot maximize its economic resources.
He stressed that "the partnership in the New Mashreq is of an economic, political, security and defense nature that constitutes a guarantee of national security in the field of economy, society and culture," and explained that "the plan or project of the New Mashreq constitutes a vital element for maximizing economic resources, the most important of which is for Iraq to move its economy from rentier to productive through tripartite cooperation With Jordan and Egypt and the formation of this economic space, and it can be added to the three countries Syria, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia, this economic bloc can achieve integration between these countries.
Member of the Oil and Energy Committee, Amjad Al-Uqabi, said in an exclusive interview with "Al-Sabah" that "the summit was supposed to take place more than a month ago, had it not been for its disruption due to the accident that occurred in Egypt (the train accident)," explaining that "the conference is not only related to the economic aspect." But the security, the political, and the cooperation between the three countries is a positive thing."
He pointed out that "Iraq has begun to think seriously about exchanging energy sources with neighboring countries, extending gas pipelines and pipelines from Iran, and contracting with Turkey to extend two energy lines, and there is on the horizon a contract with Jordan to import electricity," noting that "the oil pipeline that will extend from Basra To Aqaba and then to the Sinai desert, it was not a matter of the moment, as it was contracted during the time of the former Oil Minister, Thamer Al-Ghadban, and it is expected that work will take place on it from two to three years.”
Al-Uqabi stressed: "We need to export oil through more than one outlet because the only outlet for selling oil is Basra through our ports, and we have the Ceyhan line, which is old. About 90,000 barrels per day of Kirkuk oil are exported to the north, and from the same pipeline, the region's oil is exported."
He pointed out, "We had hoped that the Oil Projects Company would extend the pipeline from Basra to the port of Aqaba and then to the Sinai desert, since the company has engineers and technicians with experience, tools and equipment that can complete the project in a record period," adding that "the pipeline will be double-sided to import gas from Egypt and feeding Iraq with dry gas, as Egypt has a history in the field of this type of contracting.
A member of the Parliamentary Security and Defense Committee, Kateh Al-Rikabi, said in an exclusive statement to Al-Sabah that "this summit was not the first between the three countries, Iraq, Jordan and Egypt, but rather this is the third summit that was held and will be held in Baghdad. It is natural that the inter-relations between the three countries are coherent and fraternal, emanating from Through common interests, which emerge through the charters of the League of Arab States, which bring together the parties of the Arab countries.
And he indicated that "the common denominator that unites the Arab countries in general and the three countries in particular is the fight against (terrorism) from which many countries of the world suffer, especially the three countries, whether it is through organized terrorism from the occupied state of Israel or the terrorism in these countries from ISIS and its agents." .
Al-Rikabi pointed out that "the focus of the conversation between the three countries is supposed to be the fight against terrorism, and we call on the Arab countries to be of assistance to Iraq in order to eliminate terrorism," calling on the Iraqi government and the governments of Jordan and Egypt to "stand seriously to combat terrorism, and we hope for a summit meeting." To be held today, one of its priorities will be to agree on a roadmap that will enable the three countries to fight terrorism, whether through security or military cooperation or the important detailed electronic cooperation between countries at the level of intelligence and intelligence.
Experts and analysts expect that the "New Mashreq" joint project between Egypt, Jordan and Iraq will top the tripartite summit, including cooperation in the economic and investment fields between the three countries, in addition to being a candidate to include other Arab countries.
In the context of the Arab media’s coverage of the event, the Iraqi strategic expert Hussein Al-Jasser says: “The idea of (the New Orient) is not a product of the moment, but was put forward during the term of former Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Al-Abadi, until Al-Kazemi’s government resolved to complete it due to the economic gains it carries. .
Al-Jasser added that the "New Orient" project is based on understandings and economic interests in the first place between Iraq, Egypt and Jordan.
He added, "The project depends on the huge human mass of Egypt, in exchange for the huge oil wealth owned by Iraq, and Jordan joins them due to its geographical location that links Iraq with Egypt."
As for the Jordanian journalist and political analyst, Abdullah Al-Hadidi, he explained that "the idea of the project was established on the sidelines of several huge economic projects, foremost of which is the revitalization of an oil pipeline from Basra that reaches the Egyptian Sinai, through Jordanian territory."
Al-Hadidi added that "there is political interdependence between the countries of the new axis in light of the challenges facing the three countries together, foremost of which is the fight against terrorism. The three countries have a long history in combating intellectual extremism and armed violence."
In light of Baghdad's readiness to receive the "New Orient" summit, the Iraqi professor of international relations, Ali Al-Mahdi, revealed that Baghdad is trying with all its might to be present on the international political level again.
Al-Mahdi said: "The visit of Pope Francis to Baghdad, and his stay there for several days, and his touring from one governorate to another, gave Iraq on the political and security level great confidence in the ability to receive summits, and secure the movement of large delegations."
Jordanian writer Musa Al-Saket, said in a press interview: 
If the (New Mashreq) project invests the comparative and competitive advantage of the three countries; Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, it will make major changes at various levels that will lead to economic integration, not to mention raising trade exchange, which in turn contributes to raising the GDP of these countries, which results in the employment of hands. national workforce and reduce the already high unemployment rates.
The Jordanian writer added, "Jordan is distinguished by its industries specifically in the pharmaceutical, chemical, food, engineering and medical tourism industries, and its logistical capabilities, as it mediates the three countries. As for Iraq, it is distinguished by its oil resources and the ability to export it through Jordan and Egypt, in addition to attracting investments in the fields of infrastructure and support industries. As for Egypt, It is characterized by cheap labor and its presence on the Mediterranean Sea, in addition to being attractive to investments, especially with regard to heavy industries, in addition to the availability of expertise in its construction contracting for reconstruction and construction.
Al-Saket concludes by saying: "An important rapprochement and a new approach in Arab relations, time plans and specialized committees must be set in all the files mentioned, otherwise the issue will remain a dream and in the list."
For its part, the Russian “Sputnik” agency stated in an analysis on the “New Orient” project that “the project is an alliance based on employing the strengths of the three countries to make the most of them within the alliance, at a time when an oil pipeline will be extended from the port of Basra in southern Iraq to To the port of Aqaba in Jordan and then to Egypt, Jordan gets Iraqi oil from it at a price lower than the international market price, in addition to transit fees, Egypt will benefit from the process of refining part of this Iraqi oil on its territory, while Iraq imports electricity from Egypt, It can also benefit from Egyptian expertise and cadres in the reconstruction process, and Jordan's capabilities in the field of transportation will be utilized due to its great capabilities in this field, in addition to exporting goods from Jordan and Egypt to Iraq."
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Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi

Sunday 27 June 2021 98Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi

 
In April last year, Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, who was head of intelligence, was tasked with forming the government, which replaced the one that resigned last year, after Adnan Al-Zorfi’s apology, and before him Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi for forming it, after they were unable to obtain the support of the blocs. Basic in Parliament and in the midst of months
protests.
Al-Kazemi was born in Baghdad in 1967, and studied law in Iraq, before working as a journalist. Al-Kazemi was known for his opposition to the rule of ousted President Saddam Hussein, from exile in Iran and Sweden 
and Britain.
He is best known as an opinion writer and editor-in-chief of the Iraq section of the American "Monitor" website. From Baghdad and London, Al-Kazemi ran the Humanitarian Dialogue Foundation. He lived for years in exile but did not join any of the Iraqi political parties.
Al-Kazemi assumed the presidency of the Iraqi National Intelligence Service, in June 2016, in light of the intensification of battles against ISIS gangs 
terrorist.
And the government platform that Al-Kazemi presented to Parliament was condensed in 6 pages, in which he set early elections as the first tasks of his ministry, stipulating the full implementation of the parties’ law before it.
Laying the foundations of a “modern health health system” to confront the risks of the Corona epidemic came in second place, and confining arms to the state, which many demand, came to the third place in the series of tasks of the new government. Al-Kazemi stressed the need to legislate a public financial budget law, which he described as “extraordinary”, to confront the “current economic crisis and the repercussions of the collapse of oil prices.”
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 Baghdad: morning
Today, Sunday, the capital, Baghdad, is witnessing the holding of the tripartite summit between Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Jordanian King Abdullah II, and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi. This summit comes as a continuation of the previous two summits in Cairo, Egypt, and the Dead Sea in Jordan.
And at the end of last March, Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi announced the postponement of the tripartite summit between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt, which was scheduled to be held on the twenty-seventh of last March in the capital, Baghdad, due to the two trains colliding in the Egyptian city of Sohag.
Press sources said that the tripartite summit will discuss very important economic and political files, in addition to activating all agreements signed between the three countries during the past periods in Egypt and Jordan in the economic, investment, energy, oil and electricity fields.
For its part, the Ministry of Planning revealed, yesterday, Saturday, the most important files that will be discussed today, Sunday, in the tripartite summit between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt, noting that among those files is the issue of linking land transport between the three countries and the electrical connection.
The spokesman for the Ministry of Planning, Abdul-Zahra Al-Hindawi, said in a statement to Al-Sabah that "the tripartite summit is of great importance not only to Iraq, but also to Jordan and Egypt." The Iraqi side.
He added that "there is anticipation from other countries awaiting the results of the tripartite summit, and desires from countries to join the Iraqi-Egyptian-Jordanian cooperation axis."
He stressed that "many files will be on the summit table, including economic files, and we have the file of the tripartite electrical connection between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt, which is of great importance for energy in Iraq, to contribute to filling the shortage in this field."
And he said, "With regard to transportation, there is a project for the existence of a land transport line between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt, and companies that will be announced at a later time, which will undertake the land transportation process at reduced wages for the citizens of the three countries."
And he indicated that «the summit will discuss the file of agricultural cooperation between countries and the file of rehabilitating Iraqi factories by Egyptian companies, and a decision and a specific procedure will be taken in it».
He pointed out that "the file of the oil pipeline, which extends from Basra to the port of Aqaba in Jordan, will also be present at the table of the three leaders."
Al-Hindawi pointed out that "other files are related to completing the requirements for establishing the economic zone between Iraq and Jordan on the common borders between the two countries."
He continued, "The commercial aspects and the increase in the volume of trade exchange, commercial cooperation and files related to housing and benefiting from the Egyptian experience in the field of housing and building residential complexes."
Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi said during his visit to Washington that he intends to enter into a strategic project called "The New Levant", as he made it clear that it is an economic project on the European model that brings Baghdad to Cairo, and Amman joined it later. The project is not limited to these three countries, but rather a candidate for the inclusion of other Arab countries.
And “The New Levant,” according to strategic experts, depends on the enormous oil wealth owned by Iraq, in exchange for the huge human mass of Egypt, and Jordan joins them due to its geographical location that links Iraq with Egypt.
Experts confirm that the idea of the "New Sham" project was established on the sidelines of several huge economic projects, foremost of which is the revitalization of an oil pipeline from Basra that connects to the Egyptian Sinai, through Jordanian territory. Iraq imports electricity from Egypt and Jordan, in addition to Baghdad's attraction of investments from the two countries, cooperation in the field of small and medium enterprises, support for innovation and entrepreneurship, cooperation in the health and infrastructure sectors, as well as trade exchange.
It is expected that the project will witness significant progress at the summit that will bring together the leaders of the three countries, and wholesale gains. For Iraq, the project will cover part of its electricity needs through Egypt; In addition, it will open the door to the flow of Egyptian investments in various fields, thus creating new job opportunities, and the possibility of establishing joint industrial and commercial cities, as well as opening the Egyptian and Jordanian markets to Iraqi products.
It will also enable Egypt to export electricity to Jordan and Iraq, as Egypt achieved a surplus in electricity production of more than 27,000 gigawatts, as part of the country's efforts to sign electrical interconnection agreements as part of its plan to transform into a regional energy center.
The matter did not stop here for Egypt, as Egypt would get Iraqi oil for less than its price, in addition to opening the Iraqi and Jordanian market to Egyptian exports.
With regard to Jordan, the project will make it a regional logistics center for the exchange of oil, electricity and goods, in addition to reducing the bill for importing oil, as it will also obtain it at a lower price.
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President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi

Sunday 27 June 2021 79 President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi

 
He is Abdel Fattah Said Hussein Khalil El-Sisi (November 19, 1954), the sixth and current President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and the Supreme Commander of the Egyptian Armed Forces.
- He was born in Al-Gamaleya neighborhood, Cairo, and his family origins back to Menoufia Governorate, his father was from a family of manufacturers and traders, and those who worked in the work of bazaars, and Sisi’s mother, Hajja Suad Ibrahim, a religious woman who raised her children on piety and righteousness, and gave birth to 3 males, President Sisi, the middle of them, and 5 females. .
He joined the Al-Bakri School in the Bergoan railway, which includes the children of the middle class and the merchants who live in that area. He graduated from the Military College in 1977 and worked in the infantry, and was appointed commander of the Northern Military District, and took the position of Director of the Military Intelligence Department.
He received a master's degree from the Command and Staff College in 1987, and a master's degree from the British Command and Staff College in 1992 in the same specialty. He received a fellowship from the US War College in 2006.
After widespread protests erupted on June 30, 2013, demanding the departure of Morsi after a year of ruling the country, a statement was issued by the armed forces warning that the army could not be deaf to the people’s demands, and the statement announced a 48-hour deadline “to meet the people’s demands.”
The Supreme Elections Committee announced that the competition will be between Sisi and Hamdeen Sabahi only in the elections that took place during the month of May 2014, in which Sisi won by obtaining 96.9% of the valid votes.
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King Abdullah II

Sunday 27 June 2021 118King Abdullah II

 
His Majesty King Abdullah II Ibn Al Hussein was born in Amman on January 30, 1962. He is the eldest son of King Hussein bin Talal, may his soul rest in peace, and Princess Muna Al Hussein. His Majesty has four brothers and six
sisters.
When His Majesty King Abdullah II Ibn Al-Hussein assumed his constitutional powers as King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on February 7, 1999, he announced, by his oath before the National Assembly, the fourth covenant of the kingdom, which was established by King Abdullah I Ibn Al-Hussein Ibn Ali, then drafted Its constitution was established by his grandfather, King Talal, and its pillars were consolidated by his father, King Hussein, God willing 
their riches.
On this date, His Majesty assumed his responsibilities towards his people, whom he considered to be his family, harmonizing the enthusiasm and vitality of youth leaning on science and culture, and the wisdom honed by scientific experiences. 
and process.
His Majesty the King’s educational journey began at the Islamic Scientific College in Amman in 1966, and he completed his studies at Deerfield Academy in the United States of America, and at Georgetown University in Washington, DC.
He added to the academic study a variety of military experiences in the United States, Britain and Germany, after which he entered the military path, after graduating from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, as he began in the Arab Army as a company commander in the Royal Tank Battalion / 17, in 1989, and remained in the ranks of the military until He became commander of the Royal Special Forces in 1994, with the rank of brigadier general, and reorganized these forces according to the latest military standards 
International.
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Iraqi warplanes escort President Sisi's plane as it enters the airspace of Iraq
Iraqi warplanes escort President Sisi's plane
 

"The Seventh Day" obtained a picture showing the reception ceremony of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, from Iraqi warplanes upon his entry into the Iraqi official airspace to participate in the Egyptian-Jordanian-Iraqi summit.

Iraqi warplanes escort President Sisi's plane as it enters Iraqi airspace
Iraqi warplanes escort President Sisi's plane as it enters Iraqi airspace

President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi said that the tripartite summit today in Baghdad is an embodiment of the strength of relations, saying: “My presence today in Baghdad is an embodiment of the strength of the relations between our country and our peoples, and it also indicates the extent of our keenness to support and develop these relations towards broader horizons that emphasize the unity of purpose and destiny. and satisfy our common interests ."


In his speech at the Baghdad Summit, the President added that this historic summit hosted by Iraq, which comes as a continuation of what was achieved during the Cairo and Amman summits, we hope will truly be the inauguration of a new phase of strategic partnership and close cooperation between our countries in an effort to launch in the coming years to the stage of sustainable development and prosperity for our peoples. .

And the tripartite summit began in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, between President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, and King Abdullah II of the Kingdom of Jordan .

 

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Al-Kazemi mediates King Abdullah and Al-Sisi

Al-Kazemi mediates King Abdullah and Al-Sisi

 

The Iraqi-Jordanian-Egyptian tripartite summit kicked off on Sunday afternoon in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad.
The summit began under the chairmanship of Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi and Jordanian King Abdullah II.
The summit will discuss many files, most notably the tripartite link between Iraq, Egypt and Jordan in the fields of land transport, electricity, agricultural cooperation and the rehabilitation of Iraqi factories by Egyptian companies.
The Iraqi authorities imposed strict security measures, especially in the streets where convoys of guests will pass from Baghdad International Airport to the meeting place.

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Sisi arrives in Baghdad to participate in the tripartite summit between Egypt, Iraq and Jordan

Sisi arrives in Baghdad to participate in the tripartite summit between Egypt, Iraq and Jordan
Iraqi President Barham Salih receives Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi upon his arrival in Baghdad
 

Cairo - Mubasher: President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi arrived in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, this morning, Sunday, to participate in the activities of the tripartite summit between Egypt, Iraq and Jordan, with Mustafa Al-Kazemi, the Iraqi Prime Minister, and King Abdullah II of Jordan, as part of the fourth round of the tripartite cooperation mechanism that was launched in Cairo in March 2019.

President Sisi was received at Baghdad International Airport by Iraqi President Barham Salih, according to the Middle East News Agency.

The official spokesman for the Presidency of the Republic, Ambassador Bassam Rady, stated that the historic visit of President Sisi to Baghdad, which is the first visit of an Egyptian president to Iraq in 30 years, comes as a reflection of the strength of the historical relations extended between Egypt and Iraq, government and people, and to confirm Egypt's keenness to support and develop these relations towards broader horizons. Within the framework of the unity of destiny and challenges, and in response to the common interests of the two brotherly countries.

President Sisi’s participation in the Baghdad Summit for Tripartite Cooperation comes within the framework of building on what has been achieved during the previous three summits, evaluating development in various fields of cooperation and following up on projects being implemented, in the context of supporting and deepening the distinguished historical relations between the three brotherly countries, in addition to strengthening political consultation between them. On ways to address the challenges facing the Arab world and the Middle East.

The Spokesman added that the visit is also scheduled to witness President Sisi's meeting with the Iraqi Prime Minister, to discuss brotherly relations between the two countries, which have witnessed great growth during the past few years, as well as ways to enhance economic and trade relations between the two brotherly countries, as well as consulting on regional issues and files. .

President Sisi will hold a meeting with the Jordanian monarch to consult on ways to enhance bilateral relations at all levels, within the framework of the close and fraternal ties that unite Egypt and Jordan, and the two brotherly countries' keenness to strengthen cooperation between them and continue intensive consultation on issues of common interest.

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The Iraqi President receives the King of Jordan at Baghdad Airport (photos)

The Iraqi President receives the King of Jordan at Baghdad Airport (photos)
During the reception of Iraqi President Barham Salih of Jordan's King Abdullah II at Baghdad International Airport
 

Mubasher: The President of the Republic, Barham Salih, received today, Sunday, King Abdullah II of Jordan at Baghdad International Airport.

A statement issued by the media office of the Presidency of the Republic stated that Barham Salih received Jordanian King Abdullah II at Baghdad International Airport to participate in the tripartite summit that will be held in the capital, Baghdad, with the participation of Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi.

Today, Sunday, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi arrived in Baghdad to hold the tripartite summit, where he was received by the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, at Baghdad International Airport, and he also met Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi at the government palace.

 

May be an image of 4 people, people standing and outdoors

May be an image of 4 people and people standing

May be an image of 6 people, people standing and outdoors

 

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May be an image of 2 people and people standing

 

 

May be an image of 1 person and standing

May be an image of 2 people and people standing

 

May be an image of 3 people, people standing and outdoors

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Iraqi President: Sisi's visit to Baghdad is an important step in strengthening bilateral relations

Iraqi President: Sisi's visit to Baghdad is an important step in strengthening bilateral relations
Iraqi President Barham Salih receives Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
 

Mubasher: Iraqi President Barham Salih received, today, Sunday, at Baghdad airport, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, who arrived in Baghdad on an official visit to attend an Iraqi-Egyptian-Jordanian tripartite summit.

The President of the Republic and his Egyptian counterpart held a session of bilateral talks, according to a statement by the Presidency of the Republic, where President Barham Salih welcomed President Sisi, stressing that the visit is an important and major step in supporting Iraq and strengthening joint bilateral relations.

President Saleh praised the depth and development of the brotherly relationship between the two brotherly countries and peoples who share historical bonds and ties, and embrace the oldest civilizations known to mankind in Mesopotamia and the Nile Valley.

During the meeting, the existing tripartite cooperation between Iraq, Egypt and Jordan was discussed, and the importance of enhancing the level of coordination between the three countries and benefiting from geographical contiguity in developing broader cooperation horizons in the fields of economy, trade and development, establishing infrastructure projects, energy transmission and laying oil pipelines was discussed.

The two parties also stressed the need to continue efforts to confront existing challenges in the fight against terrorism and extremism, the repercussions of the Corona epidemic, climate change and environmental protection, and the need to continue meeting periodically to coordinate positions and enhance tripartite cooperation.

The meeting dealt with developments in the region, referring to the pivotal role of the Arab Republic of Egypt in the Arab and regional region, emphasizing that a secure, stable and sovereign Iraq and restoring its Arab and regional role is an important element in consolidating security, stability and development in the whole region, and indicating the necessity of joint tripartite coordination in Reducing tensions, enhancing regional stability, and finding solutions to the crises in Syria, Yemen and Libya.

President El-Sisi expressed his happiness at visiting Baghdad, praising Iraq's efforts in consolidating security and stability, combating terrorism and extremism, and facing the various challenges facing the country.

President Sisi affirmed Egypt's supportive and supportive stance for Iraq, and the importance of working to develop relations between the two countries, and to enhance the tripartite Iraqi-Egyptian-Jordanian cooperation.

 

President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi arrived in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, on Sunday morning; To participate in the activities of the tripartite summit between Egypt, Iraq and Jordan, with Mustafa Al-Kazemi, the Iraqi Prime Minister and King Abdullah II of Jordan, within the framework of the fourth round of the tripartite cooperation mechanism that was launched in Cairo in March 2019.

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Al-Sisi meets the Iraqi Prime Minister in Baghdad

Al-Sisi meets the Iraqi Prime Minister in Baghdad
Iraqi Prime Minister receives Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi
 

Cairo - Mubasher: President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi met today, Sunday, at the government palace in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, Mustafa Al-Kazemi, the Prime Minister of Iraq.

An official reception ceremony was held for President Sisi, and the two national anthems were played and the guard of honor was paraded, according to what Ambassador Bassam Radi, spokesman for the Presidency of the Republic, said on his official page.

Al-Sisi arrived in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, on Sunday morning, to participate in the tripartite summit between Egypt, Iraq and Jordan, with Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Iraqi Prime Minister, and King Abdullah II of Jordan, as part of the fourth round of the tripartite cooperation mechanism that was launched in Cairo in March 2019.

The official spokesman for the Presidency of the Republic, Ambassador Bassam Rady, stated that the historic visit of President Sisi to Baghdad, which is the first visit of an Egyptian president to Iraq in 30 years, comes as a reflection of the strength of the historical relations extended between Egypt and Iraq, government and people, and to confirm Egypt's keenness to support and develop these relations towards broader horizons. Within the framework of the unity of destiny and challenges, and in response to the common interests of the two brotherly countries.

President Sisi’s participation in the Baghdad Summit for Tripartite Cooperation comes within the framework of building on what has been achieved during the previous three summits, evaluating development in various fields of cooperation and following up on projects being implemented, in the context of supporting and deepening the distinguished historical relations between the three brotherly countries, in addition to strengthening political consultation between them. On ways to address the challenges facing the Arab world and the Middle East.

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Sisi affirms the strength and durability of Egyptian-Iraqi relations

Sisi affirms the strength and durability of Egyptian-Iraqi relations
side of the meeting
 

Cairo - Mubasher: President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi affirmed the strength and durability of Egyptian-Iraqi relations, and the appreciation of the Egyptian government and people to Iraq and its central role in the region, which is based on an ancient and extended history and civilization.

This came according to what was stated by the official spokesman for the Presidency of the Republic, Ambassador Bassam Rady.

Al-Sisi arrived in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, on Sunday morning, to participate in the tripartite summit between Egypt, Iraq and Jordan, with Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Iraqi Prime Minister, and King Abdullah II of Jordan, as part of the fourth round of the tripartite cooperation mechanism that was launched in Cairo in March 2019.

The official spokesman for the Presidency of the Republic, Ambassador Bassam Radi, stated that the historic visit of President Sisi to Baghdad, which is the first visit by an Egyptian president to Iraq in 30 years, comes as a reflection of the strength of the historical relations extended between Egypt and Iraq, government and people, and to confirm Egypt's keenness to support and develop these relations towards prospects I welcome within the framework of the unity of destiny and challenges, and in response to the common interests of the two brotherly countries.

President Sisi’s participation in the Baghdad Summit for Tripartite Cooperation comes within the framework of building on what has been achieved during the previous three summits, evaluating development in various fields of cooperation and following up on projects being implemented, in the context of supporting and deepening the distinguished historical relations between the three brotherly countries, in addition to strengthening political consultation between them. On ways to address the challenges facing the Arab world and the Middle East.

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The Iraqi president assures the Jordanian king the importance of strengthening joint cooperation

The Iraqi president assures the Jordanian king the importance of strengthening joint cooperation
Part of the meeting of Iraqi President Barham Salih and King Abdullah II of Jordan
 

Mubasher: The President of the Republic, Dr. Barham Salih, stressed today, Sunday, during a session of talks with King Abdullah II, the importance of strengthening the tripartite joint cooperation between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt.

A statement issued by the Media Office of the Presidency of the Republic stated that "President Saleh stressed, during a session of talks with King Abdullah II, the importance of strengthening the tripartite joint cooperation between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt through geographical communication and achieving economic and commercial integration by supporting investment, joint industrial cities, cooperation in the field of energy and electrical connection, For the benefit of the three countries.

The President of the Republic, Barham Salih, received the Jordanian King Abdullah II at Baghdad International Airport to participate in the tripartite summit that will be held in the capital, Baghdad, with the participation of Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi.

 
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The Iraqi Prime Minister and the Jordanian King discuss strengthening bilateral relations

The Iraqi Prime Minister and the Jordanian King discuss strengthening bilateral relations
Part of the Iraqi Prime Minister's meeting with the Jordanian monarch at the government palace in Baghdad
 

Mubasher: The Iraqi Prime Minister, Mustafa Al-Kazemi, held a round of talks with King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein of Jordan, who is visiting Iraq within the framework of the Iraqi-Jordanian-Egyptian summit, at the government palace in Baghdad .

During the talks, according to the Prime Minister's Media Office, they discussed ways to enhance bilateral relations and joint cooperation, within the framework of common interests in the economic, political and security fields and various fields of bilateral exchange.

The two sides reviewed the files of joint cooperation in the field of combating terrorism, rejecting extremism and adopting everything that would enhance stability in the region, on the path of sustainable development and taking into account the interests of friendly and brotherly peoples .

This morning, an official reception ceremony took place in the capital, Baghdad, for the King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, King Abdullah II bin Al Hussein. He was received at the government palace by Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi.

The Jordanian King is visiting Iraq; To participate in the Iraqi-Jordanian-Egyptian tripartite summit, which will be held today and discuss a number of inter-related files in the political, security and counter-terrorism fields, as well as economic and investment cooperation, which comes as a continuation of the previous summit meetings.

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Thank you, Yota.

 

The Levant Project is very important, IMO. Not only does it establish exports for Iraq to Jordan and Egypt, receiving electricity from Egypt, but attempts to release the stranglehold Iran has on Iraq, most importantly. Turkey's grip would be lessened as well. There are many great aspects of this agreement if they can pull it off that would provide Iraq with sovereignty and forward economic movement.  

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President of the Republic Barham Salih. "Internet"
  

 money and business


Economy News - Baghdad

The President of the Republic, Barham Salih, received, on Sunday, King Abdullah II, King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, at Baghdad Airport, where the reception ceremony took place.  

During a session of bilateral talks, Saleh welcomed King Abdullah, praising the role of the Kingdom of Jordan in support of Iraq, and noting the depth of the bilateral relations that bring together the two neighboring countries and the two brotherly peoples, which are close geographical and social ties, where the President stressed the need for joint work to develop these relations in various fields. that concern both countries and guarantee the interests of both peoples  

The meeting dealt with the tripartite joint cooperation between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt, and its strengthening through geographical communication in order to achieve economic and commercial integration by supporting investment and joint industrial cities and cooperation in the field of energy, electrical connection, oil transportation and infrastructure projects, for the benefit of the peoples of the three countries, and heading towards wider horizons Serving the entire region by enhancing opportunities for development and economic prosperity, in addition to joint coordination to confront the challenges of terrorism and extremism, the health and economic repercussions of the Corona epidemic, the climate change crisis and the protection of the environment, which is a common threat threatening everyone.  

King Abdullah expressed his happiness at visiting Baghdad, stressing Jordan's support for Iraq in maintaining its security and stability, stressing the importance of the agreements concluded between the two countries in the economic and trade fields, and the need to strengthen the tripartite joint cooperation between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt to achieve common interests.  

 
 
Views 95   Date Added 06/27/2021
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icon_1_document_x64.pngThe Levant Project (opinion)
 

September 2020

 

The nature of the project

The "New Levant” project is based on linking Egypt which constitutes a large population and has its expertise in many fields and location on the Mediterranean, with Iraq which has large oil resources, and Jordan which has good economic advantages. The project focuses on economic cooperation and the promotion of investment and trade aspects between the three countries, in a plan in which there would be more freedom of capital and technology flows, and is expected to encourage other countries to inject new investments into the region.

The alliance is being built on economic understandings between the three countries, which have a combined GDP of nearly 570 billion dollars, according to World Bank data. The project was previously proposed by former Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi, and the three countries held two previous summits: the first in Cairo on 25 March 2019 with the participation of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, King Abdullah II bin al-Hussein, and (former) Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi; and the second on 22 September 2019, on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) meeting in New York, and brought together the Egyptian President, the King of Jordan and the Iraqi President Barham Salih.

The recent summit, which was held in Amman on 25 August 2020, bore an indication of the seriousness of the three countries in advancing the alliance, through the establishment of a permanent secretariat for coordination on the tripartite cooperation files. The task of the secretariat would be to implement and follow up on what was agreed upon between the three countries, in an attempt to avoid the failure of previous Arab experiences whose protagonists failed to transfer them from the stage of statements and wishes into practical application. In the first year, the secretariat would be located in Amman. It would successively move each year between the capitals of the three countries.

The alliance focuses on complementary elements, namely oil, energy, transport, commodity trade and labour. An oil pipeline would be extended from Basra port in southern Iraq to the Aqaba port in Jordan and onward to Egypt. While Jordan would get Iraqi oil at a price lower than the international market price, in addition to the transit fees, Egypt would benefit from the process of refining part of the Iraqi oil on its territory. On the other hand, Iraq would import electricity from Egypt, and it could also benefit from Egyptian expertise in the reconstruction process. Jordan's potential in the field of transport would be tapped, considering its large capabilities in this field. Goods would also be exported from Jordan and Egypt to Iraq.

Project goals, timing, and contexts

A. Objectives

  • Benefitting from the economic and geographical advantages of the member states, and networking the economic interests in a manner that would benefit the economies of the member countries.
  • Transferring Iraq’s economic activity to the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, away from the Arabian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz, which are under Iran's control. This would strengthen the Iraqi power cards against Iran.
  • Developing political and security coordination among member states in a manner that would serve the goals of each party.

B. Timing and context

The timing of putting forward the project has several implications:

  • It constitutes an attempt to penetrate the state of fragility in the Arab region that has made it an arena of conflict and competition for regional and international powers. The project may constitute the nucleus of a larger Arab grouping and benefit from Arab capacities to change the equations and weights in the region’s conflicts by contributing to the reproduction of Arab solidarity.
  • The project comes at the height of the sectarian divide in the region and the negative repercussions it has produced. The project would break the cycle of the Sunni-Shiite conflict that has characterized the outcomes of regional policies in the last decade, even as Middle Eastern societies are experiencing restlessness from sectarian conflicts in favour of searching for economic and political solutions to the crises experienced by the peoples of the region.
  • The launch of the project coincides with the increase in tension between the US and Iran, and an Arab openness to Israel represented by the UAE-Israeli agreement. These shifts would give the alliance additional political impetus by obtaining Arab-US support.

C. Regional overlaps of the project’s countries

The parties involved in this project have bilateral relations that conflict with one another's orientations and the political values that govern their regional relations. Therefore, to what extent would this affect the alliance and the possibility of its development and survival? To what extent can its parties manage the network of old and new relations and maintain a balance in those relationships?

  • Iraq is linked by quasi-strategic relations to Iran. Those relations have grown considerably in light of the presence of a ruling political elite at both the legislative and executive levels, in addition to sprawling relations with the Iraqi parties and their military militias. On the other hand, the relations of Jordan and Egypt with Iran appear tepid, despite the existence of diplomatic representation between those parties.
  • While Egypt and Jordan have a peace agreement with Israel, some Iraqi quarters seek to link Iraq to the axis of "resistance" and consider themselves at war with Israel as a result of the targeting of their militias in Syria and the western regions of Iraq.
  • All parties have relations with the Saudi-UAE alliance ranging between alliance, as in the case of Egypt and Jordan, and coordination, as in the case of Iraq as a result of the existence of a UAE-Saudi approach that aims to include Iraq within the Arab framework and reduce Iranian hegemony over it.

The parties to the project are likely to seek to separate their alliance relations from the political complexities of the region. It is clear from the final communiqué that those parties are aware of the complexity of the network of relations in the region, specifically with regard to Iraq, whose Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi stressed the need to move away from the policies of the axes. This seemed to be a message to Iran that the alliance is not directed against it.

Challenges and opportunities before the project

The "New Levant" project is linked to the reality, circumstances and developments of the region. It will certainly be greatly affected by this reality. The political will of its parties will have an important role in facing challenges, even as they will have a role in maximizing its opportunities for development and leadership.

      A. Challenges

Despite the importance of the locations and roles of Egypt and Jordan in this project, the compass of the challenges is mainly directed towards Iraq. The success of the project is linked to Iraq’s ability to fulfill its obligations towards it. Despite the enthusiasm shown by Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi for the project in general, this does not hide the fact that there is an Iraqi division between supporters of the alliance with Iran and supporters of Iraq’s return to its Arab framework, with the scale tilting in favour of Iran's supporters. So, Kadhimi is likely to face a number of challenges, the most important of which are the following:

  • The possibility that Iraq would not be capable of obtaining Parliament’s ratification of the understandings reached at the Amman Summit between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt. Amer al-Fayez, a member of the Foreign Relations Committee in the Iraqi Parliament, who is a deputy from the pro-Iran Fatah Bloc led by Hadi al-Amiri, was quick to downplay the Amman Summit, saying that "no commitment can be made during the tripartite summit unless it is ratified" in Parliament.
  • Fear that the alliance would be interpreted as Iraq’s inclusion in the game of regional axes. While Kadhimi stressed in his meeting with the government, after his return from the tripartite summit, that Iraq should be kept away from the policy of the axes, asserting that the alliance focuses mainly on the economic side, it is not unlikely that Iran's supporters in Parliament and the partisan blocs would resort to activating this adherence to this principle in order to reject the alliance.
  • The tense relations between Kadhimi and the pro-Iran Iraqi militias, which accuse him of involvement in the assassination of the deputy chairman of the Popular Mobilisation Committee (PMC) Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, and the commander of the Quds Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) Qasem Soleimani, and which rejected the results of his US visit, may contribute to Iraq's failure to comply with the outcomes of the Amman Summit, considering its impact on Iran's interests in Iraq.
  • The most serious challenge facing the project lies in the efforts of some regional and international parties affected by the alliance to activate their tools in Iraq to obstruct the course of the project. This is not limited to Iran; Turkey would also view the alliance through the perspective of hostility with Egypt and refuse to give Egypt a foothold in Iraq; and Russia would deal with the alliance as a "US product."
  • The financial and economic crisis in the three countries, especially Iraq which is the main pillar of the project. This would reduce or delay joint investment plans or even the plan to extend the oil pipeline.

B. Chances of the success of the project

There are indications of the project's potential for success, as follows:

  • As the party to which the success of the alliance is linked, Iraq has the opportunity to get rid of Iranian hegemony, in light of the existence of a popular movement calling for reform and the removal of Iran's proxies from the circles of influence in government, even as Iran is going through difficult conditions as a result of the popular discontent and the challenges of the coronavirus epidemic. This provides Iraq with an opportunity to proceed towards getting rid of the reality of dependency imposed by Iran.
  • The existence of a clear US support for the project which forms part of the strategy to besiege Iran and dismantle its hegemony over Iraq. The US administration desires to turn Iraq towards Egypt and Jordan. The Trump administration has pressured Kadhimi during his recent visit to accelerate the project to connect the electricity grid to Egypt and Jordan.
  • The expectation that the project would receive an Arab support, especially by the Gulf states, given that the alliance constitutes an important tributary in strengthening the Arab position in the face of the penetration of regional powers, especially that Iraq and Jordan are geographically linked to the Gulf countries, and that fortifying the security of both countries is an important issue for the Gulf countries.
  • The existence of an Arab public opinion in support of the project, specifically in the three member states of the alliance. The expected benefits of the alliance, especially at the economic level, would also give the alliance the necessary momentum for development and survival.

Winners and losers from establishing the project

A. The winners

  • Members of the project (Egypt, Iraq and Jordan), in view of the expected returns on the alliance, and the need of the three parties for economic returns on the projects to be executed. Besides, the alliance would strengthen the cards of the three countries at both the political and security levels.
  • The US, which had a clear role in pushing for the birth of this alliance that would strengthen its cards in the face of the Russian and Chinese encroachment on the region. The alliance would also constitute an important blow to the Iranian project at its most important leg, namely Iraq.
  • The UAE and Saudi Arabia, considering that the Arab alliance between the three countries would reduce the areas of influence and dominance of regional competitors, namely Turkey and Iran, and strengthen the cards of the UAE and Saudi Arabia in the regional confrontation with those two parties.

B. The losers

  • Iran is at the forefront of the losers because the alliance brings Iraq directly closer to the Arab system and the attempt to find a new Arab bloc through which Iraq could be more effective within the Arab system. This would result in the withdrawal of one of the pillars of Iran’s strategic project in the Middle East and creating a big gap in its regional strategy. In addition, the alliance threatens Iran with losing the Iraqi market which is the only export outlet for Iran’s products. The volume of Iraqi exports from Iran is nearly 12 billion dollars, and the trade balance tilts in Iran’s favour by 100 percent. Therefore, Iran is unlikely to accept the loss of its influence in Iraq, and would suggest to its proxies there that the alliance is part of a Gulf-US conspiracy. It would use all methods to obstruct the alliance's paths, including destabilising Iraq.
  • Turkey does not want a strong Arab bloc, with a strong economy and army, as this would affect its direct interests. Turkey has important interests in Iraq where the trade volume between the two countries is more than 20 billion dollars. Iraq also exports part of its oil through the Turkish port of Ceyhan, and Turkey does not want Arab alternatives for Iraq. On the other hand, this alliance is in the interest of Turkey's Arab opponents, especially Egypt, the UAE and Saudi Arabia, and strengthens their cards in the confrontation with Turkey.
  • Qatar: the alliance opposes the interests of Qatar which has become closely linked to Turkish interests in the region and seeks to weaken the Egyptian role and deprive its Gulf rivals, the UAE and Saudi Arabia, of any political and security gains.
  • Russia and China: Iraq has long been one of the traditional Russian centres of influence in the region. Russia has begun to extend its influence to Iraq in recent years, in preparation for a possible US exit from the region. As for China, Iraq is at the heart of its interests in the region, especially the Belt and Road project, in addition to its desire to obtain shares of the reconstruction of Iraqi cities and the infrastructure. The US presence in the nascent alliance, both in terms of its support or the proximity of its parties to US interests and policies in the region, constitutes a blow to Russian and Chinese schemes regarding Iraq.

Expected paths of the project

The project includes a geopolitical dimension that would change the existing regional balances and impose new equations contrary to the context followed by the region since the beginning of the current century which marks the beginning of the history of the collapse of the Arab system and the decline of its status and influence in the ongoing interactions in the region. The importance of the project is attributable to the following reasons:

  • Creating an Arab bloc capable of creating an objective balance in the region and fixing the imbalance in the balance of power in favour of the regional parties, namely Iran and Turkey, whose projects have come to threaten Arab security.
  • Restoring power to Arab geopolitics which possess important strategic advantages without being able to employ them in the context of competition and conflict with Turkey and Iran. Iraq ranks low in its relations with those two parties. Besides, the chaos caused by Turkey and Iran in Iraq finds its echo in the weak national security of the neighbouring Arab countries. However, the important question is: would the strategic dimension be activated in the Arab alliance? Does Egypt, which is the strongest party in the alliance, have the will and desire to pursue the alliance project to achieve the desired strategic returns?

It was remarkable that the final communiqué of the Amman tripartite summit did not mention the "New Levant". The communiqué focused on terms such as "coordination", "cooperation" and "integration". This raised the question of whether the parties have given up this project, or they have deliberately focused on the economic formula without conferring on the project political and security dimensions which the parties do not seem willing to pursue directly at this stage.

However, there are many indications of an Egyptian unwillingness to give the project a political dimension, limiting it to its economic dimensions because Egypt is not interested in counting on a specific party, and wants to manoeuvre between the various alliances and groupings. Moreover, Egypt's current matrix of preferences does not give importance to reviving the Arab Mashreq region and reshaping the regional balance of power, even as its focus is largely on the issues of the Renaissance Dam and the Libyan conflict. Thus, Egypt is currently interested in the economic returns that may accrue to it from Iraq.

Despite Jordan's enthusiasm for the project, in the context of its efforts to strengthen its strategic position which was affected by regional changes and whose effectiveness was reduced in the Syrian, Palestinian and Iraqi files, Jordan's problem lies in the first place with the US administration which has an interest in weakening its effectiveness in favour of the US peace project in the region.

Conclusion

The nature of the project’s paths depends on the political will of its parties, especially the capability of the Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi to accommodate the many obstacles that Iran will put in front of him. This requires radical internal changes at more than one level, the results of which may appear in the early Iraqi elections which was called for by Kadhimi in June 2021. The Egyptian role would also have an important impact on mobilising Arab countries behind the project and moving it from the field of limited economic benefits to the geopolitical side. This would change the power equations in the region, depending on the Egyptian orientations in the next phase.

 

https://epc.ae/topic/the-new-levant-project-likely-opportunities-challenges-and-trajectories

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Bgdad‭ ‬-‬abd‭ ‬alhasin‭ ‬ghazal‭ ‭   

Cairo - Mostafa Emara

A tripartite summit concluded in Baghdad on Sunday, lasting a few hours, attended by the Egyptian president and the Jordanian king, and focused its discussions On economic, security and trade cooperation between the three countries and in regional files, while Iraq has recently sought to Performing the role of mediator in the Middle East.   Especially between Iran and Saudi Arabia, and   Iraq and Jordan announced their support for the positions of Egypt and Sudan on the “Renaissance Dam” issue. Stressing the need to refrain from any unilateral measures, including filling without a binding legal agreement.

The final statement of the Baghdad summit, which included Iraq, Jordan and Egypt, said that Iraq and Jordan stressed "the necessity of... Refrain from taking any unilateral measures, including continuing to fill the Renaissance Dam without reaching an agreement For a just, comprehensive and legally binding agreement on the rules for filling and operating the dam, in a manner that achieves and preserves the interests of the three countries The water rights of Egypt and Sudan. In the clearest message to Ethiopia to reverse its intransigent positions.

On the other hand, Jordan and Egypt praised the diplomatic efforts made by the Iraqi government to strengthen regional security and stability. And its attempts to bring the views closer to resolving differences and ending the crises afflicting the region, as well as supporting Jordan’s leaders And Egypt is preparing the Iraqi government to prepare for the upcoming Iraqi elections during the month of October next, and to accomplish All its stages and requirements, in a way that contributes to the success of the electoral process and ensuring its transparency in an atmosphere of fair competition to choose the representatives of the people.  Iraq and Egypt also expressed their appreciation for Jordan's tireless and continuous efforts to stop the Israeli violations and attacks in the city of Jerusalem And the rest of the Palestinian territories, including Jordan's efforts to stop the recent Israeli aggressions, cease-fire and restore Calm down.

A high-ranking diplomatic source said in exclusive statements to Al-Zaman correspondent in Cairo that there are four files A major topic was discussed in Baghdad, and the issue of Arab water security comes at the top of the agenda, especially in The attempts of countries in the region, such as Ethiopia, to influence Arab water security, and the need for the three countries to unite to confront this conspiracy As well as coordination between the three countries to confront external interference in the affairs of the region, especially Turkey, which is trying to Threatening Egyptian national security through its presence in Libya and its support, combating terrorism and exchanging information between the three countries In this regard, the source emphasized that the Palestinian file occupied an important aspect of those discussions in light of Attempts to achieve reconciliation and Palestinian unification and the reconstruction of GazaAnd the Israeli threats to the holy places, which threaten the return of violence again, as well as the activation of economic exchange and the return of Egyptian companies for the reconstruction of Iraq.  In an opening speech to the summit that brought together Al-Kazemi, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi and King Abdullah of Jordan Second, Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi said that the three countries would continue to “coordinate in regional files.” The main issues, such as the Syrian, Libyan, Yemeni and Palestine file, and the crystallization of a common vision towards these issues, in cooperation and coordination.”

Before the start of the summit, Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and Abdullah II held bilateral meetings with the Prime Minister Iraqi and Iraqi President Barham Salih.  

According to a statement issued by the media office of the Iraqi Prime Minister, the talks with King Abdullah II dealt with “ways to… Strengthening bilateral relations and joint cooperation, especially in the field of combating terrorism, rejecting extremism, and adopting Everything that would enhance stability in the region.”  

Al-Kazemi and Al-Sisi discussed “bilateral relations and ways to enhance joint cooperation in a number of fields, as well as… Discussing a number of files of common interest.  

For his part, after receiving his Egyptian counterpart and the King of Jordan, Iraqi President Barham Salih wrote in a tweet: We were received by the brothers, His Excellency President Sisi and His Majesty King Abdullah. Our deep-rooted relations in history are a starting point for a promising future for our peoples and youth, an eloquent message amidst grave regional challenges. Iraq's recovery paves the way for an integrated system for our region, the basis of which is combating extremism, respecting sovereignty and economic partnership.

This summit is finally being held after being postponed twice, the first was when the bloody two trains collided in Egypt in March and the second following the issue of “destabilization” in Jordan in April.  

It is the third summit among these three countries after the last one held in Amman in August 2020, while the Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry announced that Egypt is looking forward to hosting the fourth summit between Baghdad And Cairo and Amman during a joint press conference with his Jordanian and Iraqi counterparts in Baghdad.  

King Abdullah II visited Iraq in early 2019 for the first time in ten years, while Sisi became the first An Egyptian president has been visiting Iraq since Saddam Hussein's former regime invaded Kuwait in 1990 and cut ties Diplomacy between the two countries, but relations between the two countries have improved significantly over the past years.  

Baghdad seeks to achieve rapprochement between the allies of the United States of America in the Middle East, namely Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Egypt It also supports Syria's return to the Arab League. Iranian and Saudi delegations met in April in Baghdad, which is seeking to become a mediator Strong regional power to avoid Iraq becoming a battleground between regional powers.  

Political analyst Ihsan Al-Shammari told AFP that Iraq is seeking, from the tripartite summit, to "stabilize His foreign policy in relation to the ocean and the Arab system and compensation for what could be a blackmail card before Regional countries, particularly Iran.  

He considered that this summit is also a “message to the United States that Iraq will not have a one-sided relationship with the United States.” Iran at the expense of other countries,” while Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi is expected to visit The date for the United States has not yet been set, as his spokesman announced a few days ago.  

Riyadh and Tehran severed diplomatic relations five years ago, increasing tension in the region.

Any calm between Tehran and Riyadh would benefit Iraq, which is still witnessing attacks With missiles or improvised explosive devices, which are carried out on a weekly basis, the factions are considered a card in the hands of Iran, which they use in all negotiations with Baghdad, according to Iraqi officials.

  

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The work of the tripartite Baghdad summit / Iraq, Jordan and Egypt / ... and its final statement topped the front pages of Monday's newspapers

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Baghdad / NINA / - The tripartite summit / Iraq, Jordan and Egypt / held in Baghdad... and its final statement issued the first pages of Monday's newspapers issued today.

The semi-official Al-Sabah newspaper, affiliated with the Iraqi Media Network, said that experts, political analysts and parliamentarians confirmed that the tripartite Baghdad summit, which is expected to be held yesterday and hosted by Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi and Jordanian King Abdullah II, will open broad horizons, not in the field of economy. And politics, but also in all security, cultural and military fields, indicating that the “New Mashreq” project that Al-Kazemi had previously announced could achieve integration between the three countries because of their economic, human and political weight that contributes to achieving a comprehensive renaissance and development in the region.

The newspaper quoted the director of the Iraqi Center for Strategic Studies, Ghazi Faisal Hussein, as saying, "The tripartite summit between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt in Baghdad will constitute an important station in the relations of economic integration, and as a reminder, international relations in international law are based primarily on complementary relations in the field of economy, politics and security." Noting that "the European Union after World War II constitutes an important station as it was built on an economic basis and economic relations.

The newspaper added, while a member of the Parliamentary Oil and Energy Committee, Amjad Al-Aqabi, explained that “the summit was supposed to take place more than a month ago, had it not been for its disruption due to the accident that occurred in Egypt (the train accident), explaining that “the conference is not only related to the economic aspect, but It includes the security and political aspects as well, and the cooperation between the three countries is a positive thing, noting that "Iraq has begun to think seriously about exchanging energy sources with neighboring countries and extending gas pipelines from Iran and contracting with Turkey to extend two energy lines, and there is a contract with Jordan on the horizon. To import electricity,” he said, noting that “the oil pipeline that will extend from Basra to Aqaba and then to the Sinai desert was not of the moment, as it was contracted during the time of former Oil Minister Thamer Al-Ghadban, and it is expected that work will take place on it from two to three years.”


For its part, Al-Zaman newspaper / Iraq edition / said that the leaders of the countries, Iraq, Jordan and Egypt agreed during the tripartite summit held in Baghdad yesterday, on continuous coordination to achieve common interests, enhance Arab action and preserve the security of the region, as well as to complete strategic projects between these countries, the most important of which are the electrical connection and the city. industrial.

The newspaper explained that the final statement of the summit stated that (the leaders of the countries, namely Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Jordanian King Abdullah II and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, agreed on the need to adopt the best ways to implement strategic agreements between the three countries, as well as security coordination in the fight against terrorism and crime The organization and drugs, as well as taking the necessary procedures to start implementing the industrial city project), stressing the (importance of strengthening the electrical interconnection project and energy exchange between these countries, and working on linking gas transmission networks between Iraq and Egypt via Jordan, in addition to working on the adoption of the memorandum of understanding proposed by Jordan to frame industrial integration), emphasizing (adhering to the principles of good neighborliness).

The newspaper focused on confirming the statement that (the leaders reviewed efforts to reach political solutions to the crisis in Yemen, and the leaders valued the Egyptian role in ending the last round of escalation in Gaza and stopping Israeli military operations).

The newspaper stressed the statement of the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, during a luncheon in honor of the Jordanian monarch and the Egyptian president, in the presence of Al-Kazemi, Parliament Speakers Muhammad Al-Halbousi and the judiciary Faiq Zaidan (it is an important occasion that we meet as Iraqis to celebrate the two guests of Iraq), noting (the importance of the relations linking the three countries and the efforts made to strengthen them). and consolidating it for the benefit of our peoples and the whole region).

The newspaper said that Baghdad witnessed yesterday an exceptional event with the arrival of the Jordanian monarch and the Egyptian president to Baghdad International Airport to participate in the summit, and they were received by the President of the Republic, amid an official and popular welcome for this visit, which was described as historic because it brings together the sons of Mesopotamia, Jordan Al-Hawashem and Egypt Al-Kananah on the land of Iraq for cooperation and integration Between brothers in different fields to serve the peoples of those countries that are linked by bonds of brotherhood, blood, religion, history and culture and establish a new contract based on interdependence with the aim of achieving mutual benefit, and a ceremony was held to receive the guests of Iraq by Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi in the government palace, which witnessed the activities of a costume parade The Iraqi military since the establishment of the state in 1921 until now, as well as presenting a distinguished bouquet of Babylonian, Sumerian, Assyrian and Chaldean uniforms to welcome and rejoice the honorable guests.

The newspaper explained that Al-Kazemi opened the summit by giving a speech on Iraq, yesterday, in which he said (I welcome my guests of Iraq, King Abdullah and President Sisi to Baghdad, the city of peace, and we are happy with this visit, which is an important message to our peoples that we are mutually supportive and integrated in order to work to serve our peoples and the peoples of the region).

In turn, the newspaper added, the Jordanian monarch affirmed (the kingdom's readiness to stand with the Iraqi government and support the people as a duty towards the brothers). Prior to that, a round of bilateral talks was held between Al-Kazemi, the Jordanian monarch and the Egyptian president, both individually upon their arrival in Baghdad. Yesterday's statement said that (Al-Kazemi and Abdullah II discussed ways to strengthen bilateral relations and joint cooperation."

In addition, Al-Zawra newspaper, affiliated with the Iraqi Journalists Syndicate, said that the capital, Baghdad, hosted the tripartite Arab summit between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt on Sunday, while the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, stressed that restoring Iraq’s Arab and regional role is an important element in consolidating stability and development in the region. The Minister, Mustafa Al-Kazemi, said that Iraq has gone through a harsh experience in the face of terrorism, and we must work and coordinate to face the challenges, while the Egyptian President, Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, praised Iraq’s efforts in establishing security and stability and combating terrorism and extremism, and the Jordanian monarch, King Abdullah II, stressed the importance of the agreements. concluded in the economic and commercial fields.

The newspaper added that the final statement of the leaders’ summit within the tripartite cooperation mechanism (Iraq, Jordan, Egypt) comes within the framework of keenness to strengthen the partnership relations that bring together the Republic of Iraq, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Arab Republic of Egypt within the tripartite cooperation mechanism between them, and based on the sincere desire of the three brotherly countries In strengthening the means of cooperation and increasing coordination mechanisms within the political, economic, commercial, industrial, security and other fields, with the aim of continuing to establish the factors of prosperity and the elements of development, and to promote joint efforts in pursuit of achieving strategic integration among them.

The newspaper quoted him as saying: Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq, hosted King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein, King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, at a tripartite summit held in Baghdad on June 27, 2021, to discuss ways of cooperation And coordination and strategic integration between the three sister countries, within the tripartite cooperation mechanism between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt.

The newspaper pointed out that the statement confirmed that this summit comes as a continuation of the efforts of the three leaders to enhance and integrate joint efforts between the three countries in all fields, and by building on the outcomes agreed upon in previous summits, the latest of which was the Amman Summit hosted by Jordan on August 25/ 2020./finished
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Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi during his speech at the tripartite summit between Iraq, Egypt and Jordan in the capital, Baghdad "Al-Iqtisad News"
  

 money and business


Economy News - Baghdad

On Sunday, Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi announced reaching the stage of implementing the projects emanating from the tripartite summit, including electrical connectivity, agriculture and transportation, as well as food security.

Al-Kazemi said, during the opening speech of the Iraqi Prime Minister to the Iraqi-Jordanian-Egyptian tripartite summit, that "this visit is taking place at a time and at a dangerous historical turning point in the region and all countries of the world, in particular, with the challenges of the Corona epidemic."

He added, "It is no secret to anyone that the most important challenges we are facing are the Corona pandemic, difficult economic conditions, security challenges and the fight against terrorism."

He explained that "the previous meeting witnessed a focus on investment and economic cooperation, and everyone agreed on a common vision and succeeded in reaching perceptions."

He stressed, "Now we are in the stage of reaching the implementation of these projects, in the field of electrical interconnection, agriculture and transportation, as well as food security that King Abdullah II presented at the last meeting, and in the field of financial and banking relations and the development of their infrastructure."

He pointed out that "many memoranda of understanding have been signed in the past between the three countries, and there are memoranda and agreements that we will sign in the near future."

And Al-Kazemi stated, "The three countries are working to establish a permanent secretariat to coordinate the work between them, and work to develop and follow up on what is agreed upon, as well as work to develop coordination in the security and intelligence field, especially with regard to confronting terrorism and its financing, in addition to coordination in the fields of education, culture and youth. Sports, arts and health.

 
 
Views 280   Date Added 06/27/2021
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Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi during his speech at the tripartite summit between Iraq, Egypt and Jordan in the capital, Baghdad "Al-Iqtisad News"
 

 money and business


Economy News - Baghdad

The three countries, Iraq, Egypt and Jordan, issued a press statement, containing the agreements that took place between the leaders of these countries:

 

The statement stated, "Within the framework of keenness to strengthen the partnership relations that bring together the Republic of Iraq, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Arab Republic of Egypt within the tripartite cooperation mechanism between them, and based on the sincere desire of the three brotherly countries to enhance means of cooperation and increase coordination mechanisms within the political, economic, commercial, industrial and security fields." and others,

 

And with the aim of continuing to establish the factors of prosperity and the elements of development, and to advance joint efforts in pursuit of achieving strategic integration among them .

 

1. His Excellency Mr. Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq hosted His Majesty King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein, King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and His Excellency President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, at a tripartite summit held in Baghdad on June 27, 2021, to discuss ways of cooperation And coordination and strategic integration between the three brotherly countries, within the tripartite cooperation mechanism between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt .

 

2. This summit comes as a continuation of the efforts of the three leaders in promoting and integrating the joint efforts between the three countries in all fields, and by building on the outcomes agreed upon in previous summits, the latest of which was the Amman Summit hosted by Jordan on August 25, 2020 .

 

3. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt commended the balanced diplomatic efforts made by the Iraqi government in terms of strengthening regional security and stability, and its attempts to bring points of view to resolve differences and end crises afflicting the region .

 

4. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt praised the efforts of the Iraqi government in combating terrorism and its response to the terrorist organization ISIS, and the sacrifices of the Iraqi people and the capabilities of their armed forces in defeating the terrorist organization, which contributed to warding off the dangers it represented, establishing security in Iraq and supporting stability in the region .

 

5. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt valued the measures and steps of the Iraqi government towards implementing economic reforms and implementing its government program, which effectively contributed to overcoming the financial crisis caused by the drop in oil prices and the repercussions of the outbreak of the Corona epidemic, and laid the foundations for growth and prosperity for the Iraqi economy .

 

6. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt supported the Iraqi government’s preparations for the parliamentary elections scheduled for next October and the completion of all their stages and requirements, which would contribute to the success of the electoral process and ensure its transparency in an atmosphere of fair competition to choose the people’s representatives .

 

7. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt affirmed their support for the efforts of the Iraqi government in consolidating Iraq's security, imposing national sovereignty and preventing interference in its internal affairs .

 

8. The leaders of Iraq and Jordan supported the positions of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Republic of Sudan on the issue of the Renaissance Dam, and stressed the need to refrain from taking any unilateral measures, including continuing to fill the Renaissance Dam, without reaching a just, comprehensive and legally binding agreement on the rules for filling and operating the dam in a way that achieves The interests of the three countries and preserves the water rights of Egypt and Sudan .

 

9. The leaders stressed the need to activate efforts to achieve a just and comprehensive peace that meets all the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people and to achieve their legitimate demands to obtain their independent state on the lines of June 4, 1967, with East Jerusalem as its capital, in accordance with international law and resolutions of international legitimacy .

 

10. The leaders affirmed that resolving the conflict on the basis of international legitimacy resolutions is the only way to achieve a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the region, and stressed the need for Israel to stop all measures that undermine the chances of achieving a just peace, including those aimed at changing the historical and legal status quo in Jerusalem and its holy sites. Islamic and Christian, and they stressed the importance of the historical Hashemite guardianship role in protecting these holy sites and their Arab, Islamic and Christian identity .

 

11. The leaders of Iraq and Jordan valued the Egyptian role in ending the recent round of escalation in Gaza and stopping the Israeli military operations, and they expressed their appreciation for the tireless Egyptian efforts to consolidate the ceasefire and work to sustain the truce. The leaders also welcomed the Egyptian announcement of the Gaza reconstruction initiative as an Egyptian initiative that aims to raise The suffering of the residents of the Gaza Strip within the framework of the international efforts exerted in this regard, the leaders also valued the Egyptian active role in the Palestinian reconciliation as an indispensable issue for the establishment of an independent Palestinian state .

 

12. The leaders of Iraq and Egypt expressed their appreciation for Jordan's unremitting and continuous efforts to stop the Israeli violations and attacks in the city of Jerusalem and the rest of the Palestinian territories, including Jordan's efforts to stop the recent Israeli attacks, cease fire and restore calm .

 

13. The leaders reviewed the current regional and international developments, and efforts to reach political solutions to crises in the region, especially in Syria, in accordance with the relevant Security Council resolutions and the approved references. In this context, the leaders decided the need to reach a political solution to the Syrian crisis based on Security Council Resolution 2245, provided that Preserves the security, stability and cohesion of Syria and provides suitable conditions for the voluntary return of refugees .

 

14. The leaders welcomed the formation of the new interim Libyan government and the progress made, and expressed their wishes to the Interim Presidential Council and the Interim Government for success in managing the transitional phase and their support for the efforts to hold elections on their scheduled date on December 24, 2021. The leaders stressed the need for all foreign forces and mercenaries to leave the country. Libya, in a way that contributes to restoring its sovereignty, territorial integrity and stability. The leaders of Iraq and Jordan also valued the tireless Egyptian efforts to support the Libyan brothers, bring their views closer, and ensure the security and stability of the situation in Libya .

 

15 . The leaders reviewed the developments and efforts to reach political solutions to the crisis in Yemen according to the approved references, and supported the efforts of the United Nations to reach a political solution that would achieve security and stability in this brotherly country .

 

16 . The leaders affirmed adherence to the principles of good neighborliness, non-interference in the internal affairs of countries, and pursuit of common interests .

 

17 . The leaders stressed the importance of continuing coordination and joint cooperation between the three countries to achieve common interests, enhance joint Arab action, and maintain security and stability in the region .

 

18 . The leaders stressed the need to adopt the best ways and mechanisms to translate the strategic relations between the three countries on the ground, especially the economic and vital ones, and to seek to integrate resources and provide all possible facilities to increase the volume of trade exchange between them, and to strengthen efforts in the health, industrial and pharmaceutical fields, especially in light of the global consequences of the pandemic. Corona virus emerging on health, food and economic security .

 

19 . The leaders expressed the importance of security and intelligence coordination between the three countries to combat terrorism, organized crime and drugs, exchange experiences in the field of forensic evidence, combat cybercrime and infiltration, and confront all those who support terrorism by financing, arming, or providing safe havens and media platforms, stressing the importance of completing the comprehensive battle against terrorism. .

20 . The leaders stressed the need to follow the necessary procedures to start implementing the joint Iraqi-Jordanian economic city project, complete the necessary requirements for this, and give priority to companies from the three countries to participate in bids for its establishment .

 

21 . The leaders agreed on the necessity of strengthening the electrical interconnection project and exchanging electric power between the three countries, linking the gas transmission networks between Iraq and Egypt through Jordan and providing an outlet for the export of Iraqi oil through Jordan and Egypt by proceeding with the completion of the Arab gas pipeline and the establishment of the crude oil transmission line (Basra-Aqaba), and cooperation In various fields of electric power projects, renewable energy and petrochemicals, capacity building and exchange of experiences, and working to create an investment climate to support private sector companies to implement projects in the three countries .

 

22 . The leaders expressed the need for cooperation in various priority industrial fields and sectors to enhance aspects of industrial cooperation and integration between the three countries in various productive fields, and to work on adopting the memorandum of understanding proposed by the Jordanian side to frame industrial cooperation and integration between the three countries, which includes facilitating the establishment of joint industrial projects between them and establishing joint industrial projects between them. Joint permanent exhibitions on their lands, overcoming non-tariff technical obstacles facing the movement of trade exchange, and coordinating efforts to complete the establishment of an e-commerce portal .

 

23 . The leaders agreed on the necessity of cooperation in the agricultural field and food security by completing the project of establishing a regional company for marketing agricultural products and signing the cooperation protocol in the agricultural fields .

 

24 . The leaders indicated the importance of encouraging investment in the housing sector, roads, bridges and infrastructure projects in the three countries, and building partnerships between business owners, investors, contracting companies and engineering consultancy to contribute to building and construction and providing the necessary facilities to enhance the exchange of products and materials in the construction sector .

 

25 . In light of the receding of the emerging epidemic of the Corona virus, the leaders stressed the importance of continuing the joint efforts of the three countries in reactivating the movement of transport and shipping through the port of Nuweiba / Aqaba through to the Karama / Trebil crossing .

 

26 . The leaders directed, in their efforts to enhance and raise the levels of economic cooperation between the three countries, to hold a business forum on the sidelines of the first upcoming meeting of industry and trade ministers in the three countries, after it could not be held during the past year due to the conditions of the Corona pandemic .

 

27 . The leaders agreed to cooperate in the field of transportation through what was previously agreed upon regarding the transportation of travelers between the three countries with a unified comprehensive ticket and to facilitate the procedures for granting entry visas between them. They also agreed on twinning the maritime academies between the three countries .

 

28 . In line with the leaders’ decision at the Amman Summit 2020 on the rotation mechanism for the executive secretariat of the tripartite cooperation mechanism, the leaders agreed to hand over secretarial tasks to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the Republic of Iraq from next August for a period of one year, succeeding the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriate Affairs in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan .

 

29. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt valued Iraq's efforts in organizing the work of the tripartite summit, and for the good reception and hospitality.

 
 
Views 261   Date Added 06/27/2021
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The Renaissance Dam and the electrical connection... the most prominent items of the final statement of the "Iraq, Jordan and Egypt" summit

The Renaissance Dam and the electrical connection... the most prominent items of the final statement of the "Iraq, Jordan and Egypt" summit
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Mubasher: The media office of the Iraqi Prime Minister published the text of the final statement of the Leaders Summit within the tripartite cooperation mechanism "Egypt, Iraq, Jordan."

In the following lines, we summarize the highlights of the final statement, today, Sunday:

1. Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq, hosted King Abdullah II bin Al Hussein, King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, at a tripartite summit held in Baghdad, to discuss ways of cooperation, coordination and strategic integration between the three countries, within the tripartite cooperation mechanism between Iraq, Jordan and Egypt.

2. This summit comes as a continuation of the efforts of the three leaders in promoting and integrating the joint efforts between the three countries in all fields, and by building on the outcomes agreed upon in previous summits, the latest of which was the Amman Summit hosted by Jordan on 25/8/2020.

3. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt praised the balanced diplomatic efforts made by the Iraqi government in strengthening regional security and stability, and its attempts to bring points of view to resolve differences and end the crises afflicting the region.

4. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt praised the efforts of the Iraqi government in combating terrorism and its response to the terrorist organization ISIS, and the sacrifices of the Iraqi people and the capabilities of their armed forces in defeating the terrorist organization, which contributed to warding off the dangers it represented, establishing security in Iraq and supporting stability in the region.

5. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt valued the Iraqi government’s measures and steps towards implementing economic reforms and implementing its government program, which effectively contributed to overcoming the financial crisis caused by low oil prices and the repercussions of the Corona epidemic, and laid the foundations for growth and prosperity for the Iraqi economy.

6. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt supported the Iraqi government's preparations for the parliamentary elections scheduled for next October and the completion of all their stages and requirements, thus contributing to the success of the electoral process and ensuring its transparency.

7. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt affirmed their support for the Iraqi government's efforts to consolidate Iraq's security, impose national sovereignty and prevent interference in its internal affairs.

8. The leaders of Iraq and Jordan supported the positions of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Republic of Sudan on the issue of the Renaissance Dam, and stressed the need to refrain from taking any unilateral measures, including continuing to fill the Renaissance Dam, without reaching a just, comprehensive and legally binding agreement on the rules for filling and operating the dam in a way that achieves The interests of the three countries and preserves the water rights of Egypt and Sudan.

9. The leaders stressed the necessity of activating efforts to achieve a just and comprehensive peace that meets all the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people and to obtain their legitimate demands to obtain their independent state on the lines of June 4, 1967, with East Jerusalem as its capital, in accordance with international law and resolutions of international legitimacy.

10. The leaders affirmed that resolving the conflict on the basis of international legitimacy resolutions is the only way to achieve a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the region, and stressed the need for Israel to stop all measures that undermine the chances of achieving a just peace, including those aimed at changing the historical and legal status quo in Jerusalem and its holy sites. Islamic and Christian, and stressed the importance of the role of the historical Hashemite guardianship in protecting these holy sites and their Arab, Islamic and Christian identity.

11. The leaders of Iraq and Jordan valued the Egyptian role in ending the last round of escalation in Gaza and stopping the Israeli military operations, and they expressed their appreciation for the tireless Egyptian efforts to consolidate the ceasefire and work to sustain the truce. The leaders also welcomed the Egyptian announcement of the Gaza reconstruction initiative as an Egyptian initiative that aims to raise The suffering of the residents of the Gaza Strip within the framework of the international efforts exerted in this regard, and the leaders also valued the Egyptian active role in the Palestinian reconciliation as an indispensable issue for the establishment of an independent Palestinian state.

12. The leaders of Iraq and Egypt expressed their appreciation for Jordan's unremitting and continuous efforts to stop the Israeli violations and attacks in the city of Jerusalem and the rest of the Palestinian territories, including Jordan's efforts to stop the recent Israeli attacks, cease fire and restore calm.

13. The leaders reviewed the current regional and international developments, and efforts to reach political solutions to crises in the region, especially in Syria, in accordance with relevant Security Council resolutions and approved references. In this context, the leaders decided the need to reach a political solution to the Syrian crisis based on Security Council resolution 2245 on To preserve the security, stability and cohesion of Syria, and to provide the appropriate conditions for the voluntary return of refugees.

14. The leaders welcomed the formation of the new Libyan interim government and the progress made, and expressed their wishes to the Interim Presidential Council and the Interim Government for success in managing the transitional phase and their support for the efforts to hold elections on their scheduled date on December 24, 2021. The leaders stressed the need for all foreign forces and mercenaries to leave Libya And in a manner that contributes to restoring its sovereignty, territorial integrity and stability. The leaders of Iraq and Jordan also valued the tireless Egyptian efforts in supporting the Libyans, bringing their views closer, and ensuring the security and stability of the situation in Libya.

15. The leaders reviewed the developments and efforts to reach political solutions to the crisis in Yemen in accordance with the approved references, and supported the efforts of the United Nations to reach a political solution that would achieve security and stability in this brotherly country.

 

16. The leaders affirmed adherence to the principles of good neighborliness, non-interference in the internal affairs of countries, and pursuit of common interests.

17. The leaders stressed the importance of continuing coordination and joint cooperation between the three countries to achieve common interests, enhance joint Arab action, and maintain security and stability in the region.

18. The leaders stressed the need to adopt the best ways and mechanisms to translate the strategic relations between the three countries on the ground, especially the economic and vital ones, and to strive for the integration of resources and the provision of all possible facilities to increase the volume of trade exchange between them, and to strengthen efforts in the health, industrial and pharmaceutical fields, especially in light of the global consequences. The novel coronavirus pandemic affects health, food and economic security.

19. The leaders expressed the importance of security and intelligence coordination between the three countries to combat terrorism, organized crime and drugs, exchange experiences in the field of forensic evidence and combat cybercrime and infiltration, and confront all those who support terrorism by financing, arming or providing safe havens and media platforms, stressing the importance of completing the comprehensive battle on terrorism.

20. The leaders stressed the need to follow the necessary procedures to start implementing the joint Iraqi-Jordanian economic city project, complete the necessary requirements for this, and give priority to companies from the three countries to participate in bids for its establishment.

21. The leaders agreed on the necessity of strengthening the electrical interconnection project and exchanging electric power between the three countries, linking the gas transmission networks between Iraq and Egypt through Jordan, and providing an outlet for the export of Iraqi oil through Jordan and Egypt by proceeding with the completion of the Arab gas pipeline and the establishment of the crude oil transmission line (Basra-Aqaba). Cooperation in various fields of electric power projects, renewable energy and petrochemicals, capacity building and exchange of experiences, and working to create an investment climate to support private sector companies to implement projects in the three countries.

22. The leaders expressed the need for cooperation in various priority fields and industrial sectors to enhance aspects of industrial cooperation and integration between the three countries in various productive fields, and to work on adopting the memorandum of understanding proposed by the Jordanian side to frame industrial cooperation and integration between the three countries, which includes facilitating the establishment of joint industrial projects. Among them, establishing joint permanent exhibitions on their lands, overcoming non-tariff technical obstacles facing the movement of trade exchange, and coordinating efforts to complete the establishment of an electronic commerce portal.

23. The leaders agreed on the necessity of cooperation in the agricultural field and food security through the completion of the project to establish a regional company for marketing agricultural products and the signing of the cooperation protocol in the agricultural fields.

24. The leaders indicated the importance of encouraging investment in the housing sector, roads, bridges and infrastructure projects in the three countries, and building partnerships between business owners, investors, contracting companies and engineering consultancy to contribute to building and construction and providing the necessary facilities to enhance the exchange of products and materials in the construction sector.

25. In light of the receding of the emerging epidemic of the Corona virus, the leaders stressed the importance of continuing the joint efforts of the three countries in reactivating the movement of transport and shipping through the port of Nuweiba / Aqaba, through to the Al-Karama / Trebil crossing.

26. As part of their efforts to enhance and raise the levels of economic cooperation between the three countries, the leaders directed to hold a business forum on the sidelines of the first upcoming meeting of industry and trade ministers in the three countries, after it could not be held during the past year due to the conditions of the Corona pandemic.

27. The leaders agreed to cooperate in the field of transportation through what was previously agreed upon regarding the transportation of travelers between the three countries with a unified comprehensive ticket and to facilitate the procedures for granting entry visas between them. They also agreed on twinning the maritime academies between the three countries.

28. In line with the leaders’ decision at the Amman Summit 2020 on the rotation mechanism for the executive secretariat of the tripartite cooperation mechanism, the leaders agreed to hand over secretarial tasks to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the Republic of Iraq from next August for a period of one year, succeeding the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriate Affairs in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

29. The leaders of Jordan and Egypt valued Iraq's efforts in organizing the work of the tripartite summit, and for the good reception and hospitality.

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 Cairo: Israa Khalifa
 
The Arab political and economic circles are awaiting the results of the tripartite summit between Iraq, Egypt and Jordan, especially the strategic project put forward by Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi, "The New Orient", which is a major breakthrough in relations between the three countries. 
The managing editor of Al-Ahram Economic, Ahmed Al-Sebaei, told Al-Sabah: "There is no doubt that the Iraqi-Egyptian and Jordanian relations extend throughout history, and this tripartite summit is a consolidation of joint Arab action to address the multiple and grave challenges that afflict the Arab nation in its current stage; and it is very important as it strengthens The trade exchange and the important projects that were agreed upon in advance, such as the electrical connection, energy, food, and others, will benefit all these countries.”
He explained, "The reconstruction of Iraq is the most important file that the Egyptians seek to achieve strategic integration, also targeting various development projects in a way that brings prosperity to the peoples, especially after these projects were stopped as a result of the spread of the Corona pandemic."
For his part, the international political analyst, writer Nabil Najm, explained that "the tripartite summit at the level of the three leaders is exceptional to implement what was agreed upon last August, and the "New Levant" project will top the talks of the three leaders, including cooperation in the economic, investment and political fields." .
Najm pointed out, "The New Mashreq project, launched by Al-Kazemi, during his visit to America last year, which he confirmed that it represents an economic project on the European pattern to form a regional bloc that faces challenges in the region, depends on economic and investment pillars between the three countries, which are human capital in Egypt and wealth." Oilfields in Iraq and the geographical location of Jordan
 
 
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