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By Mary B
Parliamentary Finance: The country's fiscal deficit is 6 trillion dinars per month
NEW MORNING IRAQI AFFAIRS OCTOBER 26TH, 2020 COMMENTSON PARLIAMENTARY FINANCE: THE COUNTRY'S FISCAL DEFICIT IS 6 TRILLION DINARS PER MONTH, CLOSED 13 VIEWS This week the second reading of the approval of the government loan law will be completed
Baghdad - Waad Al-Shammari:
The Finance Committee in the House of Representatives confirmed, yesterday, Monday, that the amount of the monthly deficit of Iraq reaches 6 trillion dinars, indicating that the passage of the fiscal deficit financing law depends on the reduction of the value of the loan that it implies, stressing that the second reading of the project will take place during the current week.
The committee’s rapporteur, Ahmad al-Saffar, said, “The House of Representatives agreed to complete the second reading of the fiscal deficit financing law during the current week.”
Al-Saffar added, in an interview with “The New Morning”, that “the government informed us that it is unable to disburse the employees’ salaries unless we complete this law, as it includes in its provisions obtaining new loans. ”
He pointed out, "The amount of what is included in the law is very large for what Iraq actually needs, especially since the treasury achieves monthly revenues, even if they are low, but amounts that reduce the rates of need for new debts."
And Al-Saffar, that "the amount of 41 trillion dinars to cover the expenses of three months is very large compared to the budget for a whole year, it represents about 40% of the budget.
He stressed, "Iraq achieves about 4 trillion dinars every month through its oil resources, direct and indirect taxes, and border crossings."
Al-Saffar stressed that "Iraq needs monthly to secure its necessary expenses, including the salaries of employees and retirees, to 10 trillion dinars."
And he goes on, that "the monthly deficit according to revenue figures compared to expenditures does not exceed 6 trillion dinars, which is less than half the amount that the government wants in the loan."
Al-Saffar continues, "The second reading will pass, without problems, and after that we will hold direct meetings with the government to see the truth about the amounts it wants and its expenditures."
Al-Saffar went on to say, "The current circumstance requires the government to put in place rapid economic plans aimed at maximizing the state's resources, and not relying solely on oil revenues."
In addition, a member of the Committee, Representative Jamal Cougar, said, in a statement to "The New Morning," that "the House of Representatives will not stand in the way of the government about any action that would improve the financial and economic situation of the country."
Cougar added, "linking salaries to the enactment of the disability law should be overridden by the government and not repeat the same scenario last month when it stopped paying employees' dues for about 45 days."
He mortgaged "the House of Representatives vote on the financing of the fiscal deficit law by reducing the amount of the loan you want. As for insisting on it, we will never allow that."
Cougar concluded, "the need to hold quick meetings with officials in the Ministry of Finance to discuss the draft law and come up with a text and an amount consistent with the actual need of Iraq."
It is noteworthy that the House of Representatives is currently discussing a draft law on financing the fiscal deficit sent by the government to avoid delaying the distribution of salaries to employees, retirees and the social welfare network.
02/20/2020 09:08 Views 91 Section: Iraq Government official: Iraq still owes Kuwait seven billion dollars
Baghdad / Obelisk: The financial advisor to the Prime Minister, Mohammed Mazhar Saleh, announced on Tuesday 4 February 2020 that Iraq is still in debt to Kuwait with an amount of seven billion dollars, after he paid 52 billion as a result of the invasion of the previous regime to Kuwait in the nineties of the last century, while he indicated that the agreement with China was launched from The principle of building bridges and reviving the Silk Road.
Saleh said in a press statement, that China is one of the developed countries in infrastructure, and that the real development in any country can only be achieved with a solid infrastructure.
He added, that the 100,000 agreed barrels should enter the Development Fund, and then deduct from it the compensation for the Kuwait war, which remains approximately 7 billion dollars, after Iraq paid about 52 billion dollars.
He pointed out that this agreement was based on the principle of building bridges and reviving the Silk Road, which China seeks to restore in order to bring peace and increase economic development in the world, especially since the countries that lie on the belt line constitute 65 percent of the world's population.
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hello again my friends. its your bud here with another worth of a take on what i see happening within the borders called iraq. and it is really good news from my vantage point! the topic of this opinion piece is the '6 major factors that influence an exchange rate'. i will cover each factor briefly in reference to iraq and hope to derive whether or not those invested are either in a good or bad position.
as many know, the importance of an exchange rate revolves around one country's trading relationships with other nations. trade relationships is the sole purpose of an exchange rate. where there is no international trade, an exchange rate tied to a currency has no domestic significance. with this in mind lets peer into the 6 factors of exchange rate influence between iraq and its trading partners.
1) Inflation - iraq has done a fantastic job steering its inflation rate. the latest report (aug 2015) has inflation at 2.2%. some economists would mark this as the ideal inflation rate. this places iraq is a great position with trading partners for determining a strong exchange rate to the iqd.
2) Interest Rates - iraq has maintained a steady interest rate of 6% over the last 5 years. compared to other nations, it is a phenomenal rate. the importance here is the attractiveness it has to foreign investors. should iraq sure up the security situation with daesh and clean up political corruption, foreign investors might feel confident enough to pour funds into iraq at these rates.
3) Current-Account - iraq has done quite well between trading partners and has held a positive current account balance (exports vs imports) over the previous 9 years except for 2010. oil is its primary export and it has been strong enough a commodity to keep iraq experiencing gains in its current accounts. as iraq build its non-oil sector through the plan for increased industry and agriculture, exports should increase and it will be reflected in the current account.
4) Public Debt - this is where the hidden gem is revealed and the reason for the title of my opinion piece. everything in the papers speak to iraq's "deficit financing". however for some reason it appears to be seen in a negative light. my opinion is much different. not all debt is good but in this instant i definitely believe it is. when most developing nations look to expand its economic markets as iraq is doing, there will be an inevitable deficit to fiscal policy (the budget). in the short term, this is a very very good thing! where most under developed nations utilize deficit financing for payment of domestic and foreign loans, this does not hold true for iraq. iraq is using this tool as developed nations would, for capital formation for economic growth and boosting the private sector. this type of debt is the best stimulate for the economy in the short term. (here is a good slide-show presentation explaining deficit financing.)
5) Terms of Trade - balance of trade for iraq is simply outstanding and last reported at approximately $40B usd ($44B previous year). compared to turkey (-$6B usd), japan (-$268B yen), germany $24B eur. i would say that iraq comparatively has a case for a strong dinar. its current accounts and balance of trades are unbeatable (maybe a little exaggeration there).
6) Political Stability & Economic Performance - well, you can't shine everywhere . unfortunately this important piece is dragging iraq down.....and i mean wayyyyyyyy down. nobody in their right mind want to stick hundreds of millions in an environment like this. this area alone is holding iraq back the most. all things considered, if this one area is corrected there is no reason why foreign investment wont flood the country and the domestic currency surge in demand.
there you have it gang. hopefully this piece wasn't too long. this should give us all a solid overview of the factors that influence the dinars TRUE exchange rate the most. from it we should be able to make a sound judgement on where the currency is headed and whether or not we want to remain involved.
Posted on May 16, 2015by Martin Armstrong
This Sovereign Debt Crisis is the nature of the beast we face. Understanding that crisis is half the battle for after the business cycle turns, there will be a lot of finger-pointing but you can bet it will never be pointing at government. It does not matter what country we are from, the people are the same. The audience last night in Warsaw was articulate, understood, and the audience made it known that they too distrust government. It really matters not our nationality. People never start wars, only governments which are not the people.
It is also never private debt that causes the end of a nation, it is the debt of government. When people default, their assets are seized and they were often thrown in debtors prison. When government defaults, you get revolution. Adam Smith called this the highest impertinence of kings to pretend to watch over the debts of the people and not their own. This cycle of political change is about 309.6 years. The last wave began in the 1600s and culminated in the late 1700s, The wave before that is where capitalism began during the 14th century with the reintroduction of wages and taxes following the Black Death of 1346-1353.
The American people were not in support of the revolution until the very end like a Phase Transition. Those who wanted to leave Britain were only about 33%. Then a writer issued a pamphlet by the name of Thomas Paine entitled Common Sense. Paine explained that the nation or society is only the people and that government views itself as the nation yet is entirely different right from its origin. He further explained that “Society is produced by our wants, and government by our wickedness; the former promotes our POSITIVELY by uniting our affections, the latter NEGATIVELY by restraining our vices. The one encourages intercourse (cooperation of people creating an economy) the other creates distinctions. The first a patron, the last a punisher.”
We can see that despite the American and French Revolutions, government reverts always back to the dominant punisher assuming the very same power against which the people revolted to begin with. We can see Thomas Paine’s words are applicable today. The US government called Snowden a traitor for telling the people the government was illegally searching and seizing everything. It was irrelevant that he informed the people about the illegal acts of government. It was treason by their definition because he revealed what they were doing illegally to the people. That reflect what Paine said – they see themselves as the nation not the people who they exploit for their own survival.
Understanding who is the enemy is the very first step in the reform process. About every 309 years we reach a crisis in government. This has been resolved unfortunately with violence for whoever is in power never goes quietly into the light. The late 1700s was of course the American and French Revolutions and today the people of both nations have less rights than existed when they rose up in their respective revolutions. Both were sparked by a debt crisis.
In Britain, George III needed money so badly, he was taking Spanish coins and counterstamping his own image and making them English. The Assignates were paper money issued by the French that was back by confiscating the property of the Catholic Church. The Crown had bailed out the debt of the Mississippi Bubble of 1720 and that imposed harsh taxes upon the French people. We are in the very same position of a Sovereign Debt Crisis once again that is turning to confiscating everything we have as well as government is always driven by debt.
Thomas Jefferson was highly practical. He wanted the Constitution to automatically expire every 19 years and he was against any government debt. Why? A national debt to Jefferson was taxing the next generation without representation. Indeed, we are being heavily taxed to support the continued rollover of debt.
Without question, this is where we are once again. Jefferson understood looking at history that it repeats because human nature never changes. He saw war was caused by standing armies and once government is paying to maintain such a force, it is like have a car you never drive.
If we look back 309 years from the 1700s, we come to the 14th-15th centuries. In Florence it began with a revolution where they too ran out and hanged bankers. The great series of tax revolts began on that cycle in England and France that finally culminated following the Black Death (1346–53) where capitalism really began with the reintroduction of wages given the shortage of labor.
Perhaps this time we can put pressure for political change in eliminating debts and this viscous cycle of Sovereign Debt Defaults that destroy society. We can prepare for our individual survival by comprehending the nature of the beast. As was discussed in the session in Warsaw, it is true gold is no longer the savior since we cannot hop on a plane with a briefcase full of gold and seek a new start. Gold’s role may be local and in an underground economy, but make no mistake about that, government is well aware of that role as well.
Governments are robbing anything travelers might have these days. There were even signs in Poland warning if you have more than €10,000 in cash or “assets” when traveling it was illegal. They will look for jewelry, stocks, gold, or diamonds. Anything they deem of value they can confiscate.
This is a new age of authoritarianism and is not ending nicely. The idea of crypto-currencies is also rather foolish for nothing can compete against a government that is ruthless and broke. They have the guns and then tanks and will use them against the people. Our hope is to identify the problem and spread the word. Yeltsin stood on the tanks in Russia and asked the troops not to fire on their own people. If the pawns of government refuse to massacre their own people, then we can win. It is critical to understand that police and military will become the tool for both sides.
This is why Brussels is now calling for a European Army. That will be their power and sending Greek troops into Germany will prevent the troops from siding with the people. This is also why there is a mad rush to create robots for war. They have no emotions and cannot be turned. Government understands their weak-link for throughout history it has always been the loyalty of the troops.
That is what we must understand and we must understand that private assets are the means to survive – not pensions or government bonds. Eliminating cash is their way to force people into banks and prevent a bank-run. That will end in the total authoritarian government for you will not be allowed to buy or sell except without the grace of government.
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