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U.N. council brings Iraq closer to end of 1990s sanctions
Iraq's Foreign Minister Zebari addresses the delegations the Conference on Disarmament at the UN in Geneva (Denis Balibouse Reuters, / June 25, 2013)
Topics Iraq Baghdad (Iraq) United Nations See more topics » Reuters
12:04 p.m. EDT, June 27, 2013
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - The U.N. Security Council brought Iraq one step closer on Thursday to ending United Nations sanctions imposed on Baghdad more than two decades ago after former President Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait In 1990.
The 15-member council unanimously agreed that the issue of missing Kuwaiti people, property and archives should be dealt with under Chapter 6 of the U.N. Charter - which urges countries to peacefully resolve any conflicts - instead of Chapter 7.
Chapter 7 of the charter allows the Security Council to authorize actions ranging from sanctions to military intervention if states do not abide by council demands.
The move by the council is a significant political boost for Baghdad as it struggles to restore its international standing a decade after a U.S.-led invasion of Iraq toppled Saddam in 2003.
The Security Council resolution recognized "the importance of Iraq achieving international standing equal to that which it held prior to (1990)." U.S.-led troops drove Iraq out of Kuwait in the 1991 Gulf War.
"This is a new beginning for the relations between our two neighborly and brotherly countries," Iraq's Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari told reporters after the vote. "This is an example for other countries also to resolve their disputes and differences through peaceful means."
The only issues linked to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait that remain under Chapter 7 are an arms embargo and Baghdad's payment of $52 billion in compensation to Kuwait, diplomats say. Iraq still owes $11 billion and has said it expects to pay by 2015.
There are still a range of Chapter 7 issues imposed on Baghdad after Saddam's ouster in 2003, diplomats say, including the freeze and return of Saddam-era assets and trade ban on stolen Iraqi cultural property.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has recommended that the U.N. political mission in Iraq should take responsibility for facilitating the search for missing Kuwaitis, or their remains, property and the country's national archives.
(Reporting by Michelle Nichols; Editing by Doina Chiacu and Vicki Allen)
Copyright © 2013, Reuters
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http://www.un.org/en/sc/programme/ Daily Programme PROGRAMME OF MEETINGS AND AGENDA SCHEDULED MEETINGS Thursday, 27 June 2013 SECURITY COUNCIL
10.00 a.m. - 6989th (closed) meeting - ECOSOC Chamber1. Adoption of the agenda
2. Meeting of the Security Council with the troop- and police-contributing countries pursuant to
resolution 1353 (2001), annex II, sections A and B
United Nations Mission in South Sudan 11.00 a.m. - 6990th meeting - Security Council Chamber1. Adoption of the agenda
2. The situation between Iraq and Kuwait
Thirty-fifth report of the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 14 of resolution 1284 (1999) (S/2013/357) Letter dated 12 June 2013 from the Permanent Representatives of Iraq and Kuwait to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General (S/2013/358) Morning* - 6991st meeting - Security Council Chamber1. Adoption of the agenda
2. The situation in the Middle East
Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) for the Period from 1 April 2013 to 30 June 2013 (S/2013/345) Morning** - Consultations of the whole (closed) - Consultations Room- Iraq/Kuwait (S/2013/357)
- Other matters
3.00 p.m. - 6992nd (closed) meeting*** - Security Council Chamber1. Adoption of the agenda
2. Implementation of the note by the President of the Security Council (S/2010/507)
Wrap-up session __________
*To be held following the adjournment of the 6990th meeting.
**To be held following the adjournment of the 6991st meeting.
***All member States are allowed to attend the 6992nd (closed) meeting in accordance with rule 37 of the Council's provisional rules of procedure. Member states wishing to attend their names on the list should contact the Secretariat (email: email@example.com; or fax 1 (917) 367-0406).
Nujaifi: Kuwait and Iraq Gadahn a thing of the past and the issue of reparations and debt settled throughBy easyrider
Nujaifi: Kuwait and Iraq Gadahn a thing of the past and the issue of reparations and debt settled through
Published on Friday, April 12 / April 2013 11:16 | Written by: mg-an / n | | |
Kuwait / obelisk: said Iraqi Parliament Speaker Osama al-Nujaifi in an interview with the newspaper (daytime) Kuwait, on the sidelines of the conference nineteenth Arab Parliamentary Union in Kuwait, said, "My missing and Archive between Iraq and Kuwait witnessing significant progress and that the issue of reparations and debt will be settled within a year. "
The Nujaifi in an interview published newspaper in its edition on Friday, said that "to remove Iraq from Chapter VII requires a letter from Kuwait to the UN Security Council to deal positively on this subject," stressing "go hard for both countries to normalize their relations and close all files permanently, and stressing that Kuwaiti intentions towards Iraq good, especially after the fulfillment of his many commitments. "
And whether Iraq has asked Kuwait, in support of it out of Chapter VII, especially after the completion of the restoration of border markers, Nujaifi said that "the recent period has seen the completion of a number of issues such as borders and navigation in the Khor Abdullah, and compensation of farmers, and there significant progress in my missing and Archive" .
And increased in saying "remaining issue is the subject of reparations and debt, and with the time that either gets a bilateral agreement and this requires a letter from Kuwait to the Security Council even deal positively about Iraq out of Chapter VII or to keep things that pay full compensation and I think that over the years to come will be Collapse this file in all cases heading countries to normalize relations and close this file once and for all. "
And tricks some of the statements of Iraqi offensive to the relationship with Kuwait, explained Najafi "Iraq is a democratic country it is natural that there will be voices have a different opinion which must be heard, as well as Kuwait, we do not control people on the sound but there are state policies are going and bilateral agreements, and the goal is to establish an normal relations between the two countries either commit all people in a particular direction, it is possible. "
He continued speaking, "I do not think that the exit of these votes here or there affect the nature of the relations between the two countries, and I think it's natural that there will be voices of opposition and we emphasize the good will to solve all the files."
And disputes over maritime borders and the port of Mubarak, Najafi said "the issue is still under negotiation between the two countries with an international partner is the United Nations must be to reach an agreement about it, and it is essential that this be done."
And on the possibility of forming an international committee to follow up the matter as demanded by the Iraqi government, said Najafi said that "the House of Representatives does not interfere in this matter, and we consider the issue of government and the House of Representatives approves the agreements between the two countries when before him and offered us the issue of Khor Abdullah, and cooperation agreements between the two countries, and must be approved, and must discuss things between the two parties clearly, and the government is the entity authorized to resolve these issues. "
Najafi explained, the position of the Syrian situation, saying "the Syrian situation worries all Iraqis, not all the political forces agree about what is going on in Syria."
He went on to say "it's important to give the Syrian people a chance to get to the polls and choose whom according to spammers democracy".
And about his vision for the future of the political process in Iraq, Nujaifi that "optimism is always, and this country, and we must work to repair and errors exist and most Iraqi political forces know this fact and seeks to rectify the situation, and understanding can happen between different political forces, whether sectarian or national , and hope is, God willing. "
He Nujaifi that "Kuwaiti investments in Iraq slim, and we hope that there will be economic cooperation and increase investments in Iraq."
The House Speaker Osama Nujaifi left, on the tenth of this April 2013, Baghdad at the head of the delegation of parliamentary delegation high-level official visit to Kuwait to participate in the activities of a meeting of the Conference XIX the Arab Parliamentary Union to be held in Kuwait with the participation of heads of parliaments of 18 countries .
Kobler announce Basra resolve the issue of the demarcation of the land border between Iraq and KuwaitBy yota691
Kobler announce Basra resolve the issue of the demarcation of the land border between Iraq and Kuwait Author: MB Editor: NQ Thursday, March 28, 2013 15:12 GMT Kobler and the governor of Basra during the press conference
Alsumaria News / Basra
announced the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Martin Kobler, Thursday, for resolving the issue of the demarcation of the land border between Iraq and Kuwait, called upon the local government in Basra to accelerate to rid Iraq of Chapter VII. said Kobler during a joint press conference held today in Basra with their portfolios behind Abdul Samad, and attended "Alsumaria News", "The only problem was hampering resolve the issue of the border between Iraq and Kuwait Iraq was able to solve," he said, adding "this occasion to thank the Iraqi families that evacuated their homes from in order to end the problem. " explained Kubler that "difficult for those families to leave their homes, which were live, but they sacrificed for Iraq, and facilitated it out of Chapter VII." He Kubler that "relations between Iraq and Kuwait have seen many developments in the Recently, however, the most important is to solve the problem of the border, which was worry the Kuwaiti side, "explaining that" Iraq wants to get out of Chapter VII at the earliest, but the only way to achieve this is to fully meet its obligations. " , said the governor of Basra behind Abdul Samad during the conference that "houses three that were hampering install demarcation between Iraq and Kuwait have been demolished yesterday, has allowed for owners demolish themselves at their request," explaining that "families of the three have been allocated financial compensation to enable them to provide alternative housing while building a residential complex for those affected by the demarcation border. " and noted conservative that "the demolition of houses three hand Umm Qasr means to resolve the issue of the demarcation of the land border between the two countries, and in light of that hope from the United Nations to expedite remove Iraq from Chapter VII." and had asked the Iraqi border guards earlier this month of some citizens in the area of Umm Qasr coastal evacuation homes for the purpose of demolition being located within the path of a metal tube to demarcate the border intends to put the Kuwaiti government, has objected to the population speaking on the measure, and demanded the government not to alienate more Iraqi territory, as demanded by providing alternative accommodation if it insists the evacuation and demolition of their homes, and when started in the atheist th of this month contractor with the Kuwaiti government to extend the pipeline between pillar number 104 and pillar No. 105 flinch residents hand and tried to prevent them from working, while the Iraqi border guards and Kuwaiti shooting heavily to disperse the protesters, which wounding one of them, in what happened in the early hours of yesterday morning demolished three houses located within the path of the pipeline crossing, did not witness hand new protests. noteworthy that the UN Security Council issued in 1993 Resolution No. 833 which provides for the demarcation of the border between Kuwait and Iraq, and the extended length about 216 km, and led the implementation of resolution partially depending on the decisions of the Convention (tent Safwan) concluded in 1991 to deduct large swathes of Iraqi territory and annex it to Kuwaiti territory, so I crawled Kuwaiti border on dozens of homes and farms Iraqi hand Safwan, and the residential area was Located in the hand of Umm Qasr has become since the mid-nineties is the whole within the State of Kuwait, which has its government to destroy the region fully to make way for border forces to exercise its unhindered, and the longer the demolitions of dozens of homes and an elementary school and a mosque, a popular market. has objected many Iraqi officials after the fall of the former regime in 2003 to complete the procedures of land border demarcation between the two countries in accordance with Resolution No. 833, considering that the decision imposed on Iraq under international pressure in unusual circumstances. In 2005 came the Iraqi government to embarrass severe when attacked dozens of residents of my part of Safwan and Umm Qasr foreign company was responsible pipeline for land border demarcation, has led those protests and the accompanying bombing follows mortar to stop working on the project before completion, as the government started Kuwaiti weeks before the completion of the final phase of the project against the backdrop of a prior agreement with their Iraqi counterparts.
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