orientation private banks to sell the dollar at a rate less than the central bank will support the stability of the dinar
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The Iraqi dinar exchange Arab and international transactions Friday
Economy | 09:14 - 26/07/2019
Baghdad - Mawazeen News
The prices of Arab and foreign currencies compared to the Iraqi dinar on Friday, the twenty-sixth of July according to the latest updates as follows:
1 US $ = 1,192.7000 Iraqi
dinars 1 Iraqi dinars = 0.0008 US dollars
1 euro = 1,329.6559 Iraqi
dinars 1 Iraqi dinars = 0.0008 euros
£ 1 = 1,484.7689 IQD
1 IQD = 0.0007 pounds of
$ 1 CAD = 906.2726 Iraqi Dinar
IQD 1 = 0.0011 Canadian dollars to
$ 1 Australian = 828.5055 Iraqi Dinar
IQD 1 = 0.0012 Australian dollars
1 Japanese yen = 10.9849 Iraqi Dinars
IQD 1 = 0.0910 Japanese yen
Currency Ala Rabieh
1 Egyptian Pound = 71.8862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Dinar Iraqi = 0.0139 Egyptian pounds
1 SAR = 318.0109 Iraqi Dinar
1 Dinar Iraqi = 0.0031 SAR
1 AED = 324.7050 Iraqi Dinar
1 Dinar Iraqi = 0.0031 AED
1 Sudanese pounds = 26.4493 Iraqi Dinar
1 Iraqi Dinar = 0.0378 SDG
1 Algerian Dinar = 9.9684 Iraqi Dinar
1 Dinar Iraqi = 0.1003 Algerian Dinar
1 Bahraini Dinar = 3,163.9039 Iraqi Dinar
1 Dinar Iraqi = 0.0003 BD
1 JD = 1,682.2261 Iraqi Dinar
1 Dinar Iraqi = 0.0006 JD
1 Dinar KWD = 3,916.2570 Iraqi Dinar
1 Iraqi Dinar = 0.0003 KWD
1 LP = 0.7890 Iraqi Dinars
1 Iraqi Dinar = 1.2674 Lebanese Lira
1 JD = 851.2293 Iraqi Dinar
1 Iraqi Dinar = 0.0012 Libyan Dinar
1 Moroccan Dirham = 124.2836 Iraqi
Dinar 1 Iraqi Dinar = 0.0080 Moroccan Dirham
1 Syrian Pounds = 2,3156 Iraqi
Dinars 1 Iraqi Dinar = 0.4319 Syrian Pounds
1 Somali Shilling = 2.0627 Iraqi Dinar
1 Dinar Iraqi = 0.4848 Somali Shilling
1 Omani Rial = 3,097.8818 Iraqi Dinar
1 IQD = 0.0003 RO
QR 1 = 327.5748 Iraqi Dinar
1 Dinar Iraqi = 0.0031 QR
TND 1 = 416.2116 Iraqi Dinar
1 Dinar Iraqi Dinar = 0.0024 Tunisian Dinars
1 Yemeni Riyal = 4.7632 Iraqi
Dinars 1 Iraqi Dinar = 0.2099 Yemeni Riyals
1 Djibouti Franc = 6,6987 Iraqi Dinars
1 Iraqi Dinar = 0.1493 Djibouti Franc. End n / a
hello again my friends. its your bud here with another worth of a take on what i see happening within the borders called iraq. and it is really good news from my vantage point! the topic of this opinion piece is the '6 major factors that influence an exchange rate'. i will cover each factor briefly in reference to iraq and hope to derive whether or not those invested are either in a good or bad position.
as many know, the importance of an exchange rate revolves around one country's trading relationships with other nations. trade relationships is the sole purpose of an exchange rate. where there is no international trade, an exchange rate tied to a currency has no domestic significance. with this in mind lets peer into the 6 factors of exchange rate influence between iraq and its trading partners.
1) Inflation - iraq has done a fantastic job steering its inflation rate. the latest report (aug 2015) has inflation at 2.2%. some economists would mark this as the ideal inflation rate. this places iraq is a great position with trading partners for determining a strong exchange rate to the iqd.
2) Interest Rates - iraq has maintained a steady interest rate of 6% over the last 5 years. compared to other nations, it is a phenomenal rate. the importance here is the attractiveness it has to foreign investors. should iraq sure up the security situation with daesh and clean up political corruption, foreign investors might feel confident enough to pour funds into iraq at these rates.
3) Current-Account - iraq has done quite well between trading partners and has held a positive current account balance (exports vs imports) over the previous 9 years except for 2010. oil is its primary export and it has been strong enough a commodity to keep iraq experiencing gains in its current accounts. as iraq build its non-oil sector through the plan for increased industry and agriculture, exports should increase and it will be reflected in the current account.
4) Public Debt - this is where the hidden gem is revealed and the reason for the title of my opinion piece. everything in the papers speak to iraq's "deficit financing". however for some reason it appears to be seen in a negative light. my opinion is much different. not all debt is good but in this instant i definitely believe it is. when most developing nations look to expand its economic markets as iraq is doing, there will be an inevitable deficit to fiscal policy (the budget). in the short term, this is a very very good thing! where most under developed nations utilize deficit financing for payment of domestic and foreign loans, this does not hold true for iraq. iraq is using this tool as developed nations would, for capital formation for economic growth and boosting the private sector. this type of debt is the best stimulate for the economy in the short term. (here is a good slide-show presentation explaining deficit financing.)
5) Terms of Trade - balance of trade for iraq is simply outstanding and last reported at approximately $40B usd ($44B previous year). compared to turkey (-$6B usd), japan (-$268B yen), germany $24B eur. i would say that iraq comparatively has a case for a strong dinar. its current accounts and balance of trades are unbeatable (maybe a little exaggeration there).
6) Political Stability & Economic Performance - well, you can't shine everywhere . unfortunately this important piece is dragging iraq down.....and i mean wayyyyyyyy down. nobody in their right mind want to stick hundreds of millions in an environment like this. this area alone is holding iraq back the most. all things considered, if this one area is corrected there is no reason why foreign investment wont flood the country and the domestic currency surge in demand.
there you have it gang. hopefully this piece wasn't too long. this should give us all a solid overview of the factors that influence the dinars TRUE exchange rate the most. from it we should be able to make a sound judgement on where the currency is headed and whether or not we want to remain involved.
Current events in Iraq reveal the government is preparing to privatize in an effort to liberalize the market or best put institute a market economy. Why would Iraq decide such drastic change to its centrally managed economy? One short answer is that its budget deficit revealed economic fragility. Iraq finds itself in a precarious situation since its macroeconomic stability, as recently revealed, is tied to factors outside of its own control.
A critical factor of oil price volatility, and the affect it has on developing oil producing economies pegged to the dollar, is known as terms-of-trade shock. (Nikola Spatafora and Andrew Warner completed an interesting research paper addressing this specific issue - read more). In a Sebastian Edwards article "Flexible exchange rates as shock absorbers", he states:
We find evidence suggesting that terms of trade shocks get amplified in countries that have more rigid exchange rate regimes. We also find evidence of an asymmetric response to terms of trade shocks: the output response is larger for negative than for positive shocks. Finally, we find evidence supporting the view that, after controlling for other factors, countries with more flexible exchange rate regimes grow faster than countries with fixed exchange rates.
Supporters of flexibility, on the other hand, have argued that under floating exchange rates the economy has a greater ability to adjust to external shocks. According to this view, which goes back at least to Meade (1951), countries with a flexible exchange rate system will be able to buffer real shocks stemming from abroad. This, in turn, will allow countries with floating rates to avoid costly and protracted adjustment processes.
continued research reveals that Edwards is not alone in his findings concerning the dangers of rigid exchange rates for market based economies. Jbili of the IMF's Finance & Development Magazine wrote an article entitled "Should MENA Countries Float or Peg?" examining 6 MENA countries and their exchange regime. I note some of the identical remarks.....
The prevailing view now is that increasing flexibility in exchange rate management would help countries deal with external shocks, reduce the risk of banking crises, and contribute to financial stability. There are, of course, dissenters who argue in favor of intermediate regimes, stressing the difficulty developing countries have in meeting the preconditions for a successful float and the negative impact of excessive exchange rate volatility on investment and growth.
The above country-by-country analysis indicates that exchange rate regimes in the six countries had varying degrees of success. Exchange regimes in Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia have not recently come under pressure, because real shocks were relatively manageable and macroeconomic policies were generally consistent with the choice of exchange rate regime. In contrast, the recurrent pressures in the foreign exchange markets of Egypt and Lebanon demonstrate that vulnerability to real exogenous shocks, volatile capital inflows (Egypt), and large structural fiscal deficits financed by heavy domestic and foreign borrowing (Lebanon) are incompatible with a pegged exchange rate.
Popular opinion through much research shows that it is quite favorable for developing countries to free themselves from a fixed peg toward a more flexible exchange rate regime in order to protect their economies from terms of trade shock. A great example of this is Egypt by 1986 where the country began to experience serious macroeconomic imbalances and a dramatic fall in growth characterized by budget deficits of 17% of GDP. Egypt launched its Economic Reform Program to address dire economic conditions which really took off by 2003 for further liberalization of the economy. In 2003, the government began floating the rate of exchange of the Egyption pound, releasing it from its peg to the dollar (read more). Although Egypt continues to struggle with its economy for numerous reasons, it stands to reason that Iraq would be in a much better place should it head in the same direction.
There are preconditions to a successful release from the peg and toward a flexible exchange regime. The country must establish a sound market economy, political energy must be aligned with it, a sound financial sector must be established, and capital markets should be in operation. Everything we see Iraq doing tells us the country's intent is to float the dinar. Government controlled economics with rigid exchange regimes can be the death of a country whose economy is subject to highly violatile exogenous terms of trade shock. It's tie to the dollar can create years of deficits. Iraq must take control of its economic future. It must liberalize its economy, harmonize its political landscape and float its currency.
all of this is my 2c on the matter through my own research. take it for no more than that.
be blessed my friends
i found good news and every body say prayer for RV From the heart Go Rv