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  1. PLANNED VISIT BY KRG BUDGET DELEGATION TO BAGHDAD POSTPONED 11 Hours ago 377 View SULAIMANI — A negotiating delegation from the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) postponed on Tuesday (July 7) an expected trip to Baghdad because federal officials have not completed a review of financial, personnel, and administrative files related to oil and the KRG’s public sector workforce. According to sources in both the Kurdistan Region and Baghdad delegations, it is not clear when the KRG officials will ultimately make the trip, although it will only do so after the review is complete. NRT reporter in Baghdad Omed Muhammed said that the two main stumbling blocks to reaching the long-awaited comprehensive budget agreement between the federal government and the KRG were the agreement’s duration and the amount of money that Erbil will receive from budget transfers. According to sources, the federal government has demanded the Kurdistan Region’s total oil and non-oil revenues and in return Erbil will receive 550 billion Iraqi dinars ($462 million) per month to pay public sector salaries and other expenses. The KRG has reportedly responded with two offers: one where Erbil gives all oil income and half the receipts from local taxes and border crossings in return for 650 billion Iraqi dinars ($546 million) per month or another where all income is transferred to Baghdad in return for 900 billion Iraqi dinars ($756 million) per month. On Monday, before the trip was postponed, a Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) lawmaker had expressed confidence that the differences would be easily resolved. In late April, Baghdad cut off all budget transfers to Erbil, leaving it with a massive shortfall that was compounded by the effects of a drop in the global price of oil. Unable to pay its public sector workers on time or in full, the KRG has repeated delayed distribution of salaries this spring and recently moved to cut the pay of most workers by 21 percent or more. (NRT Digital Media)
  2. Peshmerga and Iraqi force coordination rooms to 'enhance stability in Kirkuk': army chief hours ago Lawk Ghafuri IRAQ Peshmerga members take part in a graduation ceremony at Zakho's military academy on January 30, 2018. Photo: Safin Hamed / AFP ERBIL, Kurdistan Region — The establishment of three rooms for joint coordination between Iraqi security forces and the Peshmerga will bring safety back to Kirkuk province, a top Iraqi Army official said on Tuesday. “The coordination room with the Peshmerga forces will enhance stability in Kirkuk province," Iraqi Army Chief of Staff Lie. Gen. Abdul Amir Rashid Yarallah said in an interview with state media. The comment follows a Monday visit to Kirkuk by a delegation from the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) Ministry of Peshmerga Affairs, where members met Iraqi defense and interior ministry officials and an Iraqi federal police team, according to spokesperson to the army's commander-in-chief Yehia Rasool. Rasool announced that same day that Iraqi force-Peshmerga coordination rooms would be established in Kirkuk, Diyala and Nineveh provinces - territories disputed by Erbil and Baghdad. Contention over the areas has led to a security vacuum conducive to a resurgence of the Islamic State (ISIS). “The visit to the Federal Police headquarters in Kirkuk province was successful,” Yarallah told state media. “The relationship between the Federal Police and the Peshmerga forces and the means to enhance the security of Kirkuk province were discussed.” However, Rasool stressed that Peshmerga forces would not be redeployed to Kirkuk, from where they were removed by Iraqi security forces in October 2017. Nasr al-Shimari, spokesperson and deputy secretary general for the Iran-backed Harakat al-Nujaba militia, called any move to redeploy the Peshmerga to the province as “unconstitutional”. “The return of Peshmerga to Kirkuk province is a degrading step to all the blood that have been spilled by the Iraqi forces to return control of the state over the Iraqi province [Kirkuk],” Shimari tweeted on Tuesday. ISIS was declared territorially defeated in Iraq in December 2017. However, remnants of the group continue to operate in the disputed territories, returning to earlier insurgency tactics including ambushes, kidnappings and targeted killings. Operations to entirely clear their presence from the area have failed, and military bodies worldwide have warned the group is continuing to resurge. Several Kakai villagers were killed in an ISIS attack in Khanaqin, Diyala province in mid-June, prompting Kurdish leaders to renew calls for joint security coordination in the disputed territories. Jabar Yawar, Chief of Staff at the Ministry of Peshmerga Affairs, previously warned that the ISIS resurgence has been underway for some time. “According to our data, the group increased its activities in 2018 and 2019, especially in Kurdistani areas outside of the Kurdistan Region administration, including Diyala, Hamrin, Kirkuk, Tuz Khurmatu, and Qarachogh. In Qarachogh, they even established bases,” Yawar told Rudaw in April.
  3. A joint statement by the deputies: Al-Kazimy returned the Peshmerga to Kirkuk, and lost the achievement of imposing security 14:15 - 07/07/2020 Information \ Baghdad .. A joint statement of the representatives of the Arabs and Turkmen in Kirkuk, on Monday, criticized the approval of Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi to return the Peshmerga forces to Kirkuk, indicating that these steps are unconstitutional and a waste to implement security enforcement operations in the city. "In a dangerous precedent and constitutional violation, the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces agreed to return the Peshmerga to the Kirkuk Governorate Operations Command headquarters," the statement, which received the "information" copy, said. He added, “We are representatives of the Arab and Turkoman components, as we categorically refuse to take the commander in chief of this step in agreement with the region without taking the views of our components that have a bad memory with these forces, which destroyed dozens of villages after liberating them from ISIS, we remember that it would harm the civil peace and stability that was achieved in Kirkuk After law enforcement in 2017. ” He added that "neglecting the great achievement of returning the security file to the federal authority in Kirkuk, which was achieved by former Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi and preserved by Abdul-Mahdi, which is consistent with the provisions of the Iraqi constitution, places the Commander in Chief under penalty of constitutional and historical responsibility." The statement pointed out that "had it not been for the observance of the Corona pandemic and the prevention of rallies, the people of Kirkuk will resort to all constitutional means to prevent this provocative move." End / 25D
  4. National Union: Peshmerga presence in Kirkuk was with the approval of "Al-Kazemi" 22:45 - 07/07/2020 Information / Baghdad The leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Ghiath Al-Surji, confirmed on Monday that the presence of the Peshmerga forces in the Kirkuk governorate was in agreement with the government of Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi. Al-Surji said in a televised statement, which he followed, "The information," that "the issue of entry and presence of the Peshmerga forces to Kirkuk was done with the knowledge of the government and in agreement with it." He added that "the Peshmerga will move within a mechanism of joint cooperation with the security forces, " adding: "Without the Peshmerga forces, Kirkuk would have been like Mosul." 25 n ended
  5. The Finance Committee: No delay in employee salaries for the coming months Monday 06 July 2020 153 Baghdad / Al-Sabah Shaima Rashid The House of Representatives is waiting for the government to present the "reform plan" promised by the Minister of Finance to avoid economic and financial crises, at a time when the Finance Committee in the House of Representatives ruled out a delay in the delivery of salaries for the coming months. Committee member Jamal Kujer said in a statement For «Al-Sabah»: “The House of Representatives has given the government the power to borrow immediately, according to the borrowing law that was voted on, and that contains an article stating that the law will be effective immediately after voting on it.” Pointing out that «these loans are internal and therefore the delay in the distribution of salaries is not justification". He added that «the arrangements for the distribution of salaries need a week to complete, but in case the government has reforms, it must announce it and be with the approval of Parliament». Cougar suggested that "the reason for the delay will be the double salaries that the government seeks to check and stop their salaries", calling on the government to "clarify the reasons for the delay, especially since the employee has many obligations." For his part, the committee member, Muhammad Daraji, confirmed in a statement that Al-Sabah received a copy of it that “there is no truth in the delay in salaries due to the delay in converting the currency. The central bank makes the daily transfer, and the borrowing law that covers salaries includes (at one of its points) borrowing Internal ”, indicating that“ on the basis of that, the cash in place with the Central Bank has been launched for the main banks (Al-Rafidain, Al-Rasheed and TBI), and a notification must be received from the Ministry of Finance to the mentioned banks to release salaries employees". He added that "there will be no problem during the next three months because of the presence of internal borrowing," noting that "we are looking at oil prices and the reform plan that the Finance Minister promised to present
  6. International Islamic Bank 9 hrs · الى منتسبي وزارع الدفاع المحترمون اخواننا وابنائنا بشرى سارة وجه السيد رئيس الوزراء بضرورة توطين رواتب منتسبي وزارة الدفاع ... See MoreTo the respected members and farmer of defense Our brothers and sons Good news Mr. Prime Minister directed the need to settle salaries Ministry of Defense Affiliates Immediately and according to the book below. International Islamic Bank It opens its doors to receive you based on the contract with the esteemed Ministry of Defense . Translated
  7. Peshmerga Hasn’t Returned to Kirkuk: Iraqi Army BasNews 2020/07/07 - 00:15 Kurdistan ERBIL - Kurdistan Region's Peshmerga forces have not returned to the disputed province of Kirkuk, Major General Yahia Rasool, a spokesperson for the Iraqi Armed Forces Command, said on Monday. Rasool explained in a statement that there was only a meeting between the officials from the Peshmerga ministry and Iraqi army to discuss closer operations in Kirkuk, Diyala, and Nineveh provinces. Babkir Faqe, a Peshmerga official, revealed to BasNews that a delegation from the Iraqi ministry of defense will visit Erbil to review the major points they previously agreed on, noting that the two sides are close to sign a deal. According to the official, the Peshmerga ministry with the Iraqi defense ministry have agreed on eight points which are focused on intelligence cooperations, joint military work in the disputed territories, and Peshmerga's share from the federal budget. This comes as the Islamic State (IS) has reportedly regrouped itself in various areas of Iraq and lately carried out several terrorist activities.
  9. Peshmerga Official Says ‘Close to Sign a Deal with Baghdad’ Basnews English 2020/07/06 - 12:56 Kurdistan ERBIL — The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the federal government of Iraq are close to reach a deal on several prolonged disputes, said a Kurdish Peshmerga official. A high-level delegation from the Peshmerga ministry visited Baghdad last week where they reached “an initial agreement” with counterparts from Iraq’s defense ministry. The negotiations, which have been ongoing for months, are mainly focusing on the disputed Kurdish areas, budget and financial dues, and war against terrorism. Bakir Faqe, head of Peshmerga ministry’s media department, told BasNews that they are close to finalize a deal with Baghdad and the signing ceremony would likely happen during the next Iraqi delegation’s visits to Erbil. BasNews has learned that a delegation from Iraqi defense ministry will visit Erbil next week to continue, and possibly finalize, the negotiations
  10. Association of Private Banks: The capital of banks operating in Iraq amounted to more than 15 trillion dinars Executive director of the Iraqi Private Banking Association Ali Tariq. "Economy News" money and business The Economy News - Baghdad The Iraqi Private Banking Association revealed, on Sunday, the size of the Iraqi banking sector, as the capital of banks operating inside the country reached more than 15 trillion dinars. The executive director of the Association of Iraqi Private Banks, Ali Tariq, said that the Association of Banks provides to all media and researchers financial information for the banking sector that explains its size and impact in Iraq during the year 2019, noting that "the data prepared by the central bank indicates an increase in the capital of the banking sector to More than 15 trillion dinars. " He noted that "the banking sector has witnessed a great development during the past years, and was able to increase the volume of lending and deposits in banks, which will positively affect the Iraqi economy, especially after the central bank reduced interest on small and medium enterprises." Tariq stressed that "the capital of Iraqi banks amounted to more than 15.3 trillion dinars until 2019, divided into 3.3 trillion dinars, the capital of government banks, while the capital of private banks amounted to 12 trillion dinars," noting that "deposits in the banking system amounted to 82.1 trillion dinars, of which 71.38 trillion Dinars in government banks, while in private banks amounted to 10.72 trillion dinars. Tariq pointed out that "cash credit amounted to 42 trillion dinars divided into 34.2 trillion dinars provided by government banks and 7.8 trillion dinars provided by private banks, while pledge credit amounted to 25.2 trillion dinars divided into 17.2 trillion dinars from government banks and 8 trillion dinars from Private banks. " He stressed that "bad debts amounted to 4.1 trillion dinars divided into 2.37 trillion dinars in government banks and 1.77 trillion in private banks, and this default is due to the lack of commitment of borrowers to pay back borrowing money," explaining that "the profits of banks during the past year amounted to 1090 billion dinars divided To 956 billion dinars for government banks and 134 billion dinars for private banks. " Number of views 63 Date added 07/05/2020
  11. Al-Sudani reviews economic solutions to the financial crisis Sunday 05 July 2020 Baghdad / Al-Sabah Independent MP Mohamed Shaya Al-Sudani called on the government to take a number of urgent measures to enable it to fulfill its obligations to employees, retirees and social welfare, as well as address the ration card and crisis cell benefits in relation to confronting the Corona virus. Al-Sudani stressed that "the important part of the economic reforms is to collect customs tariff fees and protect the product, while controlling the window of currency sales in the central bank," asking about the destination of these funds, and what imports could come to Iraq amid the economic downturn that the region is going through? He pointed out the importance of "the existence of tax and customs deductions before the exchange of the dollar, to ensure obtaining the right of the state, it is not possible to sell the dollar without revenues to the state treasury and without withholding fees and taxes." Import and production Al-Sudani pointed out that "there is another economic perspective, which is we have confirmed the inability of the agricultural and industrial private sector to advance in light of the entry of imports, with the absence of full control over the ports, the non-application of standards for standardization and quality control of incoming goods and leniency in the collection of taxes and fees on them." That "the prices of imported goods and products will crowd out the national product and all this requires reform steps to maximize revenue." Al-Sudani noted the need to "pay attention to the returns of derivatives and extracted crude oil, which will provide large amounts of money, and in light of the current financial conditions, these funds, which amount to 8 trillion dinars, must be invested by setting 10% of the cost of extraction and $ 8 for liquidation and up to 5% for distribution, can be provided from Without raising the price of fuel for the citizen. " He explained that "revenues are available and were not directed to the citizen, and it can provide quick revenues in addition to reducing the salaries of the three presidencies from ministers and representatives and special degrees and stopping the disbursement of allocations granted outside the laws." Corporate debt Al-Sudani continued, “There are judicial orders against mobile phone companies to pay about a trillion dinars and it is assumed that these measures are implemented to collect these funds in a way that increases the state’s treasury imports. Recent directions of the government regarding the rationalization of spending. " Al-Sudani warned of the need to adopt "effective and real steps on encouraging the agricultural and industrial sectors by placing the import curriculum at the table of government producers from companies of the Ministry of Industry as well as private and mixed sector companies and identifying the goods that can be produced so that the government can issue a decision to prevent their import, as well as review the agricultural calendar including It guarantees the preservation of local agricultural products, avoids the damage of farmers, closes the ports and controls them completely. " Central loans Al-Sudani stressed "the importance of activating the steps of the Central Bank in granting loans to agricultural, industrial and residential banks, as well as lending to young people looking for work, while loosening the terms of the loans and defining them with the project guarantee." He believed that "internal borrowing will secure the salaries of employees. As for the external determined at five billion dollars, it should be invested to complete development projects, including projects for investing burned gas and developing the Basra gas project with the company (Shell), which contributes to providing what the power stations need instead of buying Iranian gas in amounts It exhausts the budget, which provides other imports for the budget, and there are projects related to petrochemicals and fertilizers that can generate huge funds on the state treasury, as well as its benefits to society by pushing the wheel of economic development. Stressing that "directing loans to these projects will put the reform process in the direction Prope
  12. Al-Nusairi invites the Prime Minister to meet with private banks and address obstacles to their contribution to overcoming the economic crisis Economic and banking advisor to the Iraqi Private Banking Association, Samir al-Nassiri The Economy News - Baghdad The Economic and Banking Adviser to the Association of Iraqi Private Banks, Samir al-Nassiri, called on Sunday, the Prime Minister to meet with Iraqi private banks similar to his meeting with Iraqi businessmen for the purpose of discussing the obstacles of their work and their contribution to overcoming the economic crisis because without a solid and sound banking sector it is not possible to build a sound national economy. Al-Nusairi said in an interview with "Al-Iqtisad News", that "Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi and the emergency cell for financial reform do not hide the complicated economic conditions and repercussions of the spread of Corona virus, political disputes and conflicts by the political parties and blocs that led to great harm to the national economy and stalled the economic cycle and economic stagnation Added to this are the accumulations and repercussions in the absence of a clear economic approach to previous governments, foggyness, and confusion of vision for real economic reform.And since the banking sector is the main link in the economic process, the current conditions have contributed to stopping the banking activity, especially the private banking activity since the outbreak of the demonstrations in October 2019, and so far, which has had clear effects on the lack of liquidity, low deposits, credit, loans and banking facilities due to the stop of working hours. During the comprehensive roaming ban for more than 30 days and reducing the permanence and banking activity during the partial curfew, which led to a significant decrease in revenues, despite the many measures taken by the Central Bank in providing several facilities package to banks, including enhancing its liquidity by reducing the percentage of legal reserve, postponing loan installments, stopping and postponing imposed fines On the banks. "According to the analysis of official data and statistics, the structure of the Iraqi banking sector consists of 7 government banks that hold 86% of all government and public deposits and 78% of all assets and private banks constitute 70 commercial and Islamic banks and invest 78% of the capital of the Iraqi banking sector and did not happen Only on 13% of the total annual profits achieved at the total level and that the goals set for the banking sector in all government programs of previous governments are focused on achieving them is lending for development and considering banks as a lever for development and restoring confidence with the public and achieving financial inclusion in the sense of expansion and spread by providing banking products and services and practicing Real banking and digital transformation of the banking sector. The financial and banking advisor explained, "Through an analytical view of the reality of the Iraqi economy and the challenges facing the financial and monetary policies, in particular the stimulation and revitalization of the economy by bank financing and banking facilities, the above challenges stand in front of its implementation at the present time despite the great efforts made by the Central Bank since 2016 to implement its strategic objectives for years ( 2016-2020), which achieved such goals task and key notably developments structural and structural and technical in banks and increase the proportion of comprehensive financial and investment in Ras capital human and walk pace actively towards stability In the monetary system and achieving stability in the exchange rate since 2018 and still remains, however, private banks are in urgent and urgent need of government support by studying their problems in the current circumstance in the emergency cell for financial reform formed in the cabinet for the purpose of saving some private banks from collapse. Al-Nassiri suggested the following: First: The nature of banking activities depends on the nature of the activities of the economic sectors . and as long as the activity of economic is concentrated in the trade (imports) remains the activity of banks concentrated on the conversion external and associated so ..lma unless moving sectors other (industry, agriculture, tourism and others) do not expect the diversity of activity The banker. It is worth noting that without controlling imports, these sectors will not rise, which explains the lack of progress on serious loans through the Central Bank initiative to finance small and medium projects. Second , the legal environment must be provided and the rule of law should be extended in order to eliminate the phenomenon of defaulting in the repayment of loans, as bad debts amounted to (5 trillion dinars) up to 30 June 2020, and they constitute a large percentage of the total credit granted, and thus banks are reluctant to provide loans and facilities. Banking. Therefore, we see that the decisions of the Council of Ministers and the Economic Affairs Committee of the Council of Ministers that were previously issued to support the banking sector, especially private banks, are not activated. It led to obstructing the activities and activities of private banks and greatly affected their liquidity, revenues, and deposits for that, and for the purpose of overcoming the banks crisis, in a way that ensures banks moving from the role of banking to the developmental role and revitalizing banking work in the current circumstance requires the government, in particular the esteemed cabinet and the emergency cell, to activate the decisions previously issued The Council of Ministers and the Economic Affairs Committee, which are as documented with the following numbers and dates. Third-activate all the decisions of the Committee Affairs Economic special support banks , special and in particular Mayati: - 1 ‐ The establishment of a ministry Finance changed its decision not to accept it to open bank accounts for ministries and state departments in private banks and restrict them to government banks according to its letter 207 dated 31/1/2019 2 ‐ Activate the decision to allow ministries and government departments to open documentary credits in private banks up to $ 50 million without going through the Ministry of Finance and the Iraqi Trade Bank. 3-activating Resolution Council of Ministers No. 110 of 2009 and the decision of the Committee on Economic Affairs on 2012 141/2/20 concerning the conversion of government documentary banking up to 30 credits million dollars to private banks through the Trade Bank of Iraq. 4-activating the decision of the Committee on Affairs of Economic No. 253 of the year 2015. Regarding the acceptance of sukuk certified by private banks to pay insurance, customs fees and taxes. Fourth-activating decision Council of Ministers No. 378 of the year 2018 and the special levy fees of government in the departments of State of through payment mail. Fifthly: Activating the Financial Services Court formed in accordance with the Central Bank Law 56 of 2004, and the Court may refer cases that require referral to the competent courts in accordance with the applicable penal law. Sixthly- consider claims of debt distressed owed by customers in the banks own lawsuits urgent debts excellent like government debt. VII . Add to Mai PEOPLE by Bank Central of efforts it requires the government is also working to provide conditions and take measures to help banks own to obtain the classification of credit approved internationally and thus enhance relations banking international with correspondent banks. Eighth - The Ministry of Finance compensated for the damage in the cash and fixed assets lost by the branches of private banks, which amounted to (37) branches in the governorates occupied by ISIS in 2014 and is documented with the Central Bank of Iraq. IX-activating the decisions of the Council of Ministers No. 313 of 2016 and No. 218 of 2017 and private employees ' salaries and settling demand from government departments to settle their salaries according to their desire and directing them not to settle salaries in government banks exclusively. Number of views 103 Date added 07/07/2020
  13. Deputy: Erbil has bypassed the constitution, and Baghdad has demanded its rights from Kurdistan's oil, just like Basra 11:20 - 04/07/2020 Information \ Baghdad .. A member of the House of Representatives, Amer Al-Fayez, accused the Kurdistan Regional Government, on Saturday, of adhering to the positions in the negotiations between Baghdad and Erbil , considering that the federal government "did not raise the ceiling of its demands, but demanded to receive its rights resulting from the Kurdistan government." Al-Fayez said in a statement reported by “Al-Arabi Al-Jadeed” newspaper and seen by him / the information: “The differences between the federal government in Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government are due to the strictness of the Kurdish position,” noting that “the quantities of oil exported from the region represent a major problem between Baghdad and Erbil.” . He pointed out that "the Baghdad government has financial benefits for Erbil." He added that "Kurdish politicians do not want to respond to Baghdad," stressing that "the latter's demand for oil imports is fair and according to the constitution, which stipulates that national wealth, including oil, belongs to Iraq as a whole, and this applies to Basra and other oil provinces, and must be applied to All governorates, including the provinces of the Kurdistan region. Al-Fayez pointed out that "the Kurdistan region exported during the last period more oil than allocated to it, and did not hand over its revenues to the federal government," noting that the region's government "granted itself oil-related concessions without the approval of Baghdad, and this is unacceptable, because oil is a wealth patriotism". He continued, “If other provinces like Basra do what the Kurdistan region does regarding oil, then that means dispersion and lack of money for the general budget,” noting that “oil is one of the most important outstanding issues between Baghdad and Erbil, as well as the border crossings that are National resources, as well as disputed territories. Ended / 2
  14. Education and the market economy in Iraq, interdependence or repulsion? Hamed Abdul-Hussein Al-Jubouri Education plays an important and significant role in receiving or leaving any system, being; It is supposed to create the social environment necessary to receive it in order to interact with it as required, beginning and ending. As education contributes to improving economic performance at the micro and macro levels alike, the economic unit managed by an educated person is, without a doubt, the best performance of the unit managed by an uneducated person, and this is reflected positively on the income level of the unit and the individuals working in it. It also performs education; To reduce unemployment, as it is mostly the case, especially in economies that function properly; You find the percentage of people who get a job, whether in the public sector or the private sector, are the educated and not the uneducated, and this means reducing the size of unemployment, which is one of the indicators of the macro economy. Interconnectedness or repulsion? There is a strong correlation between education and the market economy. At a time when education supplies the market economy with the educated workforce, the market economy provides education with suitable job opportunities for that educated workforce. It is not a correlation and the effects are very bad. This relationship can be examined, that is, is there a correlation or disharmony between education and the market economy in Iraq? Through the effects that occurred, especially after 2003, represented by the unemployment index. Unemployment is the indicator through which we can clarify the extent of interconnectedness or repulsion of education and the market in Iraq, where it appears through unemployment, there is inconsistency or even blatant incompatibility between education and the market economy, as statistics indicate that the unemployment rate rises to more than 40%, including learners, and what The continuing demonstrations of graduates and holders of higher degrees in the capital, Baghdad and the provinces, to demand job opportunities except evidence of the high rate of unemployment, even among the educated! The rise in unemployment in general and among the educated ranks does not mean that the shortcomings on the part of the market economy because it can not provide job opportunities even for the educated, but rather education is a partner in the shortcomings as well, and as we mentioned above, Then the relationship becomes a dissonance relationship, not an interconnectedness, and the effects are very bad. Palaces of the two parties, education and the market In other words, education focused on quantity without quality, and this means an increase in the number of graduates and holders of higher degrees without paying attention to the quality of outputs required by the market economy, which made the latter, which suffers mainly from weakness due to the state’s interference and the lack of space for it, is also violating its obligations Towards education, he was no longer able to provide job opportunities to employ these armies of graduates, the result was a high rate of unemployment and continued demonstrations to demand employment opportunities. It can be said that the high unemployment rates in general demonstrate the failure of the economy more than education in providing job opportunities, and that the high unemployment rates among learners is evidence of the lack of education more than the economy in providing good outputs, since it focuses on quantity rather than quality, since Education was unable to focus on quality and the market economy, unable to provide job opportunities, and they became in stark dissonance, so the deficiencies of the two sides were not one party. The shortcomings are the result of a long march The shortcomings of education and the market economy did not come overnight, but rather as a result of a long historical march, which started from the Ottoman external occupation and ended with Saddam's internal tyranny, contributed to the consolidation of this deficiency in the depths of education and the market economy. Given the close interdependence between the political system and the economic system on the one hand, and the political system and the educational system on the other hand, the result was in Iraq, which recently adopted a one-party political system, for a period of time not short. The economic and educational system is holistic in nature and can only be managed according to Central planning and what the single party and its leader see, which has entrenched the failure of both parties. The state enters and the withdrawal falters Managing the Iraqi economy centrally and according to what the single party sees for a long period of time, means the state’s direct intervention in the economy, and this has diminished the importance of the private sector, which represents the main driver of the market economy. The latter was weak and unable to provide employment quickly, in harmony with speed. the shift. What has increased the weakness of the private sector even after 2003 is the failure of the state to withdraw from the economy, as it still has many elements of production and dominates the oil wealth and the banking system in a large way, and continues to place obstacles in front of the private sector. On these obstacles, the private sector and then the market economy became unable to provide jobs. Employment and absence of modernization of education Education previously was subject to central planning and was employed according to what the party and its leader saw, and this is what has made education dictated by the leader's ideas and ideas, and his focus on quantity rather than quality, because the party does not care about the quality of education outputs as long as the economy responsible for providing job opportunities, with his grip, can guide those Outputs wherever his priorities and his leader are required, not where society and its economy are required. And with the end of the one-party system politically in 2003, the educational curricula and administration were not updated, but remained as it was, and this means that education retardation continues from bad to worse, and this is reflected in the educational outcomes, so its outputs were weak and did not have high skills through which it can To impose itself in the labor market, and thus a large portion of unemployment in Iraq has become the unemployment of educated people. The bottom line At a time when the relationship between education and the market economy should be a direct correlation relationship, it became clear through the unemployment index, that there is a blatant inconsistency relationship between them, and the reasons for its incompatibility, which were represented by the intervention of the state and the withdrawal of the state from the market economy, the employment of education and the absence of its modernization on the one hand, became clear. Education. And after it became clear the disharmony between education and the market economy in Iraq, it became obligatory for those who want to restore the relationship between them to where they should be, to work on two points: First: Addressing the state’s interference in the economy, not placing obstacles but rather overcoming them and fighting corruption so that the private sector takes its real role in the economy according to the principles of the market economy, such as private ownership, economic freedom, competition, and antitrust prevention. Second: Keeping education away from politics, developing its management, and updating its curricula in a way that leads to improving the quality of its outputs, whether human resources or scientific research, and in line with the requirements of the market economy, and thus unemployment is slowly decreasing. * Researcher at the Al Furat Center for Development and Strategic Studies / 2004-2020
  15. Parliamentary Finance: The salaries of employees are launched and will be disbursed tomorrow Baghdad News: A member of the Parliamentary Finance, Muhammad Sahib al-Darraji, confirmed on Saturday that the salaries of state employees were disbursed by the Central Bank of Iraq, indicating that the finance will distribute the salaries tomorrow. Al-Daraji said in a televised statement, followed by "Al-Ikhbaria", that "the Central Bank of Iraq has released the employees’ salaries completely and will be delivered within the next few hours. " He added that "Al-Rasheed and Al-Rafidain Bank is awaiting notification by the Ministry of Finance to disburse these sums, and the exchange dates will be corrected at the usual times from the government." Darraji said that "the talk about the existence of financial crises regarding salaries is incorrect and the salaries will be disbursed for the next three months without any problem, provided that the government will act in the coming months according to an economic reform plan."
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