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https://face2faceafrica.com/article/photos-a-look-at-zimbabwes-defunct-yet-historic-banknotes-of-up-to-10-trillion............From May 11 2018....

BY NDUTA WAWERU, at 07:56 am, May 11, 2018, FEATURES

[Photos] A look at Zimbabwe’s defunct, yet historic banknotes of up to $10 trillion....

1x1.trans.gif Photo: The Next Web

In 2009, the economic status of Zimbabwe was so bad that inflation rose to levels of 5 billion percent.

In response to the cash crisis, the Zimbabwe government, then under President Robert Mugabe, suspended the Zimbabwe currency indefinitely and resorted to using a variety of international currencies, including the U.S. dollar and South African Rand.


There have been reports that the country, under President Emmerson Mnangagwa, is looking to re-introduce the currency as the country starts rebuilding its economy.

Before the country abandoned the Zimbabwe Dollar, it produced trillion- and billion-dollar notes, which were later replaced by bond notes.

Here are photos of the now defunct currency:

1. The 100 trillion note


Photo: Zimbabwe Dollars

2. 50 Trillion note


Photo: Zimbabwe Dollars

3. 20 Trillion Note


Photo: Zimbabwe Dollars

4. 10 Trillion dollars



5. 100 Billion dollar


Photo: .learn cfds


6. 50 billion dollars


Photo: Cheapest Dinar

7. 20 billion dollars



8. 10 billion dollars


Photo: Currency Quest



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  • Bitcoin
  • Altcoin


NIGEL GAMBANGA · MAY 12, 2018 · 8:00 PM



The financial services regulator for the southern African country of Zimbabwe – the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) – has banned all financial services institutions in the country from all forms of cryptocurrency trading. The directive was shared in a circular on virtual currencies distributed to all institutions on Friday.


According to a news report, the circular which was signed by the RBZ registrar of banking institutions Norman Mataruka, the central bank has said that it is taking these measures to protect the public and safeguard the integrity, safety, and soundness of the country’s financial system.

All financial institutions in Zimbabwe which include commercial banks and mobile money service providers have been told to ensure to not use, trade, hold or transact in virtual currencies or provide banking services that would facilitate any individual or entity in dealing with or settling cryptocurrencies.

The ban outlined a swathe of services that include maintaining accounts, registering, trading, clearing, collateral arrangements, remittances, payment and settlement accounts, giving loans against tokens, accepting tokens as collateral, opening accounts of cryptocurrencies exchanges and moving money in accounts relating to cryptocurrency trading.

The RBZ has also directed banks to terminate any existing relationships with virtual currency exchanges in sixty days to liquidate existing account balances.

Zimbabwe does not recognize cryptocurrencies as legal tender and the country does not have a regulatory framework for virtual currencies or cryptocurrency trading. However, it has managed to effect a ban by directing financial institutions to keep their hands off all transaction and services related to cryptocurrencies.

Cryptocurrency Trading Banned Through Banking Services


The stance that has been taken by Zimbabwe’s central bank isn’t new. The cryptocurrencies space is still facing a lot of scrutiny and regulators in other markets have taken a cautious approach, pushed by concerns around money laundering, tax evasion, fraud and in cases like Zimbabwe, the externalization of foreign currency in response to the country’s foreign currency challenges.

Countries like India and China have explored this route before and in Africa, Kenya’s regulator has also taken a hard stanceagainst cryptocurrencies. They are all meant to be measures against potential risks in a new space.

However, such moves also have a negative impact on legal service providers including entities that solve some problems that affect the economy.

In Zimbabwe, a number of businesses that have emerged in this space over the past few years that include the local cryptocurrency exchanges like Golix as well as outfits that have been using cryptocurrencies to facilitate remittances such as Bitmari will be affected by the directive.

Do you think that regulators that put restrictions on cryptocurrency activities because of the risk of crimes like money laundering are justified? Please let us know in the comments below. 

Image courtesy of AAAB, Shutterstock


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AfDB Leading Talks With Zimbabwe, Creditors to Clear Arrears

May 7, 2018, 2:28 PM CDT Updated on May 8, 2018, 12:17 AM CDT
    Bank is talking with government to set timeline for repayment
    New leaders create opportunity for Zimbabwe, Adesina says

The African Development Bank is leading talks with Zimbabwe and its creditors to make plans for the nation to pay off some of its arrears so it can restore relations with lenders, said Akinwumi Adesina, the bank’s president.


During almost two decades of economic mismanagement the southern African nation’s debt surged to more than 70 percent of gross domestic product and the economy has halved in size since 2000, according to the government.


“We’re talking with the government and were looking for a way we can all have a common agreement and hopefully reach a mutually acceptable timeline for an arrears clearance,” Adesina said in an interview on Monday in Johannesburg. “The AfDB is spearheading that conversation with all the creditors.”


While Zimbabwe has paid $110 million of arrears to the International Monetary Fund, it’s still saddled with $1.7 billion of arrears to the AfDB and World Bank. The Finance Ministry forecast total debt of $14.5 billion in the 2018 budget.


It needs to clear the arrears so it can once again seek foreign assistance from lenders such as the IMF.

President Emmerson Mnangagwa took power in November when Robert Mugabe resigned as the nation’s leader after the military temporarily took control and effectively ended his 37-year reign. He has pledged to revive the economy and sell bonds to finance infrastructure development.

“With the new government it creates a new opportunity to support the country to unlock its potential and to stabilize,” Adesina said. A new Zimbabwe is great for “political stability and regional trade in the Southern African Development Community area.”

The nation abandoned its own currency in 2009 as runaway inflation rendered it worthless, opting instead for a basket of currencies that includes the dollar, South Africa’s rand, the pound and Botswana’s pula.

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U.K. Making Wrong Calculation on Zimbabwe, Opposition Says

May 8, 2018, 5:11 AM CDT Updated on May 8, 2018, 7:24 AM CDT
    Chamisa accuses U.K. of favoring stability over governance
    Zimbabwe vote this year will be first since Mugabe’s departure

Zimbabwe’s main opposition, the Movement for Democratic Change, accused the U.K. government of siding with the ruling party as the southern African nation gears up to hold national elections this year.


The vote will be the first since the resignation of former President Robert Mugabe, whose relations with the U.K. deteriorated after its government accused him of human-rights abuses. Mugabe’s successor, Emmerson Mnangagwa, has promised to revive an economy that’s halved in size since 2000 as a result of a failed land reform program, hyperinflation and mass emigration.


The U.K. is miscalculating in Zimbabwe, MDC leader Nelson Chamisa, 40, said in an address in London on Tuesday. “There’s a tendency to align with one political party against another,” he said. “There has been a shift by the British government to focus on stability at the cost of governance. That is a false calculation.”


Britain’s ambassador to Zimbabwe, Catriona Laing, and her deputy Simon Thomas have faced criticism from the MDC and civil-rights organizations for tweets seen as praising the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front and “on-going reforms.” Both have rejected the criticism, saying on social media that the U.K. is attempting to “normalize relations” with Zimbabwe.


Propaganda Tools

Critics including Bulawayo Senator David Coltart and the leader of the People’s Democratic Party, Tendai Biti, argue that there haven’t been any reforms, and allege that Zanu-PF continues to use the national broadcaster and state-controlled newspapers as propaganda tools. The Harare-based Herald newspaper, controlled by the government, described the MDC visit to the U.K. this week as “sinister.”

Elections in Zimbabwe must take place by Aug. 22, but a date hasn’t been set. Chamisa will run as the candidate of the MDC, which has formed an alliance with six opposition parties, after he was elected to replace Zimbabwe’s main opposition figure and MDC founder, Morgan Tsvangirai, who died of cancer in February.

Chamisa reiterated the coalition’s call for a number of reforms to allow for a credible vote, including the publication of the voters’ roll, and said the party would stage protests to demand its release. While Tsvangirai served as prime minister in a unity government with Zanu-PF in 2009, Chamisa said he won’t consider a power-sharing deal after the elections.

The southern African nation hasn’t had a peaceful political transition since white-minority rule ended in 1980, and all the votes held since 2000 that handed victory to Mugabe were marred by violence and allegations of rigging.

The MDC will review state business deals and introduce a new currency if it wins the election, Chamisa said.

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Donald Trump Envoy Announces Massive Business Influx Into Zimbabwe Under Mnangagwa

US President Donald Trump’s local envoy has announced a massive influx of US business men and women flying into Zimbabwe to set up business here.

Donald Trump

In a statement, the embassy said even top US government officials are headed for Zimbabwe.

The development comes after President Emmerson Mnangagwa introduced several economic reforms including cancelling Robert Mugabe’s reckless land reform program.

“Zim should expect high level visits by US govt; American businesses are opening shop in Zim,” the US embassy said in a statement yesterday.

What does this mean for Zimbabwe?

With an effective restoration of Zimbabwe’s agriculture industry, ZimEye.com projects that in less than a year, Zimbabwe is set to once again become the world’s largest crop economy as it was in 1976 under former Prime Minister, Ian Smith. So far Mnangagwa has implemented other reforms which include removing the indigenisation Act.

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S.2779 - Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Amendment Act of 2018115th Congress (Congress.gov
                             Current LegislationAll LegislationAll Sources--Committee ReportsCongressional RecordMembersNominationsHouse CommunicationsSenate CommunicationsTreaty Documents                            
                 All Congresses 93-115 (1973-2018)115 (2017-2018)114 (2015-2016)113 (2013-2014)112 (2011-2012)111 (2009-2010)110 (2007-2008)109 (2005-2006)108 (2003-2004)107 (2001-2002)106 (1999-2000)105 (1997-1998)104 (1995-1996)103 (1993-1994)102 (1991-1992)101 (1989-1990)100 (1987-1988)99 (1985-1986)98 (1983-1984)97 (1981-1982)96 (1979-1980)95 (1977-1978)94 (1975-1976)93 (1973-1974)                
                     Any Legislative Action                 Introduced (Bills and Resolutions)Committee or floor actionsReported to House/Committee dischargedReported to Senate/Committee dischargedHouse floor actionsSenate floor actionsFailed of passage/not agreed to in HouseFailed of passage/not agreed to in SenatePassed/agreed to in HousePassed/agreed to in SenatePassed/agreed to in House and SenateResolving differences including conferencesConference report agreed to in House and SenateVetoes and pocket vetoesLaws                
                         Any Representative                     Abraham, Ralph Lee [R-LA] (114th-115th)Adams, Alma S. [D-NC] (113th-115th)Aderholt, Robert B. [R-AL] (105th-115th)Aguilar, Pete [D-CA] (114th-115th)Allen, Rick W. [R-GA] (114th-115th)Amash, Justin [R-MI] (112th-115th)Amodei, Mark E. [R-NV] (112th-115th)Arrington, Jodey C. [R-TX] (115th)Babin, Brian [R-TX] (114th-115th)Bacon, Don [R-NE] (115th)Banks, Jim [R-IN] (115th)Barletta, Lou [R-PA] (112th-115th)Barr, Andy [R-KY] (113th-115th)Barragan, Nanette Diaz [D-CA] (115th)Barton, Joe [R-TX] (99th-115th)Bass, Karen [D-CA] (112th-115th)Beatty, Joyce [D-OH] (113th-115th)Becerra, Xavier [D-CA] (103rd-115th)Bera, Ami [D-CA] (113th-115th)Bergman, Jack [R-MI] (115th)Beyer, Donald S., Jr. [D-VA] (114th-115th)Biggs, Andy [R-AZ] (115th)Bilirakis, Gus M. [R-FL] (110th-115th)Bishop, Mike [R-MI] (114th-115th)Bishop, Rob [R-UT] (108th-115th)Bishop, Sanford D., Jr. [D-GA] (103rd-115th)Black, Diane [R-TN] (112th-115th)Blackburn, Marsha [R-TN] (108th-115th)Blum, Rod [R-IA] (114th-115th)Blumenauer, Earl [D-OR] (104th-115th)Blunt Rochester, Lisa [D-DE] (115th)Bonamici, Suzanne [D-OR] (112th-115th)Bordallo, Madeleine Z. [D-GU] (108th-115th)Bost, Mike [R-IL] (114th-115th)Boyle, Brendan F. [D-PA] (114th-115th)Brady, Kevin [R-TX] (105th-115th)Brady, Robert A. [D-PA] (105th-115th)Brat, Dave [R-VA] (113th-115th)Bridenstine, Jim [R-OK] (113th-115th)Brooks, Mo [R-AL] (112th-115th)Brooks, Susan W. [R-IN] (113th-115th)Brown, Anthony G. [D-MD] (115th)Brownley, Julia [D-CA] (113th-115th)Buchanan, Vern [R-FL] (110th-115th)Buck, Ken [R-CO] (114th-115th)Bucshon, Larry [R-IN] (112th-115th)Budd, Ted [R-NC] (115th)Burgess, Michael C. [R-TX] (108th-115th)Bustos, Cheri [D-IL] (113th-115th)Butterfield, G. K. [D-NC] (108th-115th)Byrne, Bradley [R-AL] (113th-115th)Calvert, Ken [R-CA] (103rd-115th)Capuano, Michael E. [D-MA] (106th-115th)Carbajal, Salud O. [D-CA] (115th)Cardenas, Tony [D-CA] (113th-115th)Carson, Andre [D-IN] (110th-115th)Carter, Earl L. "Buddy" [R-GA] (114th-115th)Carter, John R. [R-TX] (108th-115th)Cartwright, Matt [D-PA] (113th-115th)Castor, Kathy [D-FL] (110th-115th)Castro, Joaquin [D-TX] (113th-115th)Chabot, Steve [R-OH] (104th-110th,112th-115th)Chaffetz, Jason [R-UT] (111th-115th)Cheney, Liz [R-WY] (115th)Chu, Judy [D-CA] (111th-115th)Cicilline, David N. [D-RI] (112th-115th)Clark, Katherine M. [D-MA] (113th-115th)Clarke, Yvette D. [D-NY] (110th-115th)Clay, Wm. Lacy [D-MO] (107th-115th)Cleaver, Emanuel [D-MO] (109th-115th)Cloud, Michael [R-TX] (115th)Clyburn, James E. [D-SC] (103rd-115th)Coffman, Mike [R-CO] (111th-115th)Cohen, Steve [D-TN] (110th-115th)Cole, Tom [R-OK] (108th-115th)Collins, Chris [R-NY] (113th-115th)Collins, Doug [R-GA] (113th-115th)Comer, James [R-KY] (114th-115th)Comstock, Barbara [R-VA] (114th-115th)Conaway, K. Michael [R-TX] (109th-115th)Connolly, Gerald E. [D-VA] (111th-115th)Conyers, John, Jr. [D-MI] (89th-115th)Cook, Paul [R-CA] (113th-115th)Cooper, Jim [D-TN] (98th-103rd,108th-115th)Correa, J. Luis [D-CA] (115th)Costa, Jim [D-CA] (109th-115th)Costello, Ryan A. [R-PA] (114th-115th)Courtney, Joe [D-CT] (110th-115th)Cramer, Kevin [R-ND] (113th-115th)Crawford, Eric A. "Rick" [R-AR] (112th-115th)Crist, Charlie [D-FL] (115th)Crowley, Joseph [D-NY] (106th-115th)Cuellar, Henry [D-TX] (109th-115th)Culberson, John Abney [R-TX] (107th-115th)Cummings, Elijah E. [D-MD] (104th-115th)Curbelo, Carlos [R-FL] (114th-115th)Curtis, John R. [R-UT] (115th)Davidson, Warren [R-OH] (114th-115th)Davis, Danny K. [D-IL] (105th-115th)Davis, Rodney [R-IL] (113th-115th)Davis, Susan A. [D-CA] (107th-115th)DeFazio, Peter A. [D-OR] (100th-115th)DeGette, Diana [D-CO] (105th-115th)Delaney, John K. [D-MD] (113th-115th)DeLauro, Rosa L. [D-CT] (102nd-115th)DelBene, Suzan K. [D-WA] (112th-115th)Demings, Val Butler [D-FL] (115th)Denham, Jeff [R-CA] (112th-115th)Dent, Charles W. [R-PA] (109th-115th)DeSantis, Ron [R-FL] (113th-115th)DeSaulnier, Mark [D-CA] (114th-115th)DesJarlais, Scott [R-TN] (112th-115th)Deutch, Theodore E. [D-FL] (111th-115th)Diaz-Balart, Mario [R-FL] (108th-115th)Dingell, Debbie [D-MI] (114th-115th)Doggett, Lloyd [D-TX] (104th-115th)Donovan, Daniel M., Jr. [R-NY] (114th-115th)Doyle, Michael F. [D-PA] (104th-115th)Duffy, Sean P. [R-WI] (112th-115th)Duncan, Jeff [R-SC] (112th-115th)Duncan, John J., Jr. [R-TN] (100th-115th)Dunn, Neal P. [R-FL] (115th)Ellison, Keith [D-MN] (110th-115th)Emmer, Tom [R-MN] (114th-115th)Engel, Eliot L. [D-NY] (101st-115th)Eshoo, Anna G. [D-CA] (103rd-115th)Espaillat, Adriano [D-NY] (115th)Estes, Ron [R-KS] (115th)Esty, Elizabeth H. [D-CT] (113th-115th)Evans, Dwight [D-PA] (114th-115th)Farenthold, Blake [R-TX] (112th-115th)Faso, John J. [R-NY] (115th)Ferguson, A. Drew, IV [R-GA] (115th)Fitzpatrick, Brian K. [R-PA] (115th)Fleischmann, Charles J. "Chuck" [R-TN] (112th-115th)Flores, Bill [R-TX] (112th-115th)Fortenberry, Jeff [R-NE] (109th-115th)Foster, Bill [D-IL] (110th-111th,113th-115th)Foxx, Virginia [R-NC] (109th-115th)Frankel, Lois [D-FL] (113th-115th)Franks, Trent [R-AZ] (108th-115th)Frelinghuysen, Rodney P. [R-NJ] (104th-115th)Fudge, Marcia L. [D-OH] (110th-115th)Gabbard, Tulsi [D-HI] (113th-115th)Gaetz, Matt [R-FL] (115th)Gallagher, Mike [R-WI] (115th)Gallego, Ruben [D-AZ] (114th-115th)Garamendi, John [D-CA] (111th-115th)Garrett, Thomas A., Jr. [R-VA] (115th)Gianforte, Greg [R-MT] (115th)Gibbs, Bob [R-OH] (112th-115th)Gohmert, Louie [R-TX] (109th-115th)Gomez, Jimmy [D-CA] (115th)Gonzalez, Vicente [D-TX] (115th)Gonzalez-Colon, Jenniffer [R-PR] (115th)Goodlatte, Bob [R-VA] (103rd-115th)Gosar, Paul A. [R-AZ] (112th-115th)Gottheimer, Josh [D-NJ] (115th)Gowdy, Trey [R-SC] (112th-115th)Granger, Kay [R-TX] (105th-115th)Graves, Garret [R-LA] (114th-115th)Graves, Sam [R-MO] (107th-115th)Graves, Tom [R-GA] (111th-115th)Green, Al [D-TX] (109th-115th)Green, Gene [D-TX] (103rd-115th)Griffith, H. Morgan [R-VA] (112th-115th)Grijalva, Raul M. [D-AZ] (108th-115th)Grothman, Glenn [R-WI] (114th-115th)Guthrie, Brett [R-KY] (111th-115th)Gutierrez, Luis V. [D-IL] (103rd-115th)Hanabusa, Colleen [D-HI] (112th-115th)Handel, Karen C. [R-GA] (115th)Harper, Gregg [R-MS] (111th-115th)Harris, Andy [R-MD] (112th-115th)Hartzler, Vicky [R-MO] (112th-115th)Hastings, Alcee L. [D-FL] (103rd-115th)Heck, Denny [D-WA] (113th-115th)Hensarling, Jeb [R-TX] (108th-115th)Herrera Beutler, Jaime [R-WA] (112th-115th)Hice, Jody B. [R-GA] (114th-115th)Higgins, Brian [D-NY] (109th-115th)Higgins, Clay [R-LA] (115th)Hill, J. French [R-AR] (114th-115th)Himes, James A. [D-CT] (111th-115th)Holding, George [R-NC] (113th-115th)Hollingsworth, Trey [R-IN] (115th)Hoyer, Steny H. [D-MD] (97th-115th)Hudson, Richard [R-NC] (113th-115th)Huffman, Jared [D-CA] (113th-115th)Huizenga, Bill [R-MI] (112th-115th)Hultgren, Randy [R-IL] (112th-115th)Hunter, Duncan D. [R-CA] (111th-115th)Hurd, Will [R-TX] (114th-115th)Issa, Darrell E. [R-CA] (107th-115th)Jackson Lee, Sheila [D-TX] (104th-115th)Jayapal, Pramila [D-WA] (115th)Jeffries, Hakeem S. [D-NY] (113th-115th)Jenkins, Evan H. [R-WV] (114th-115th)Jenkins, Lynn [R-KS] (111th-115th)Johnson, Bill [R-OH] (112th-115th)Johnson, Eddie Bernice [D-TX] (103rd-115th)Johnson, Henry C. "Hank," Jr. [D-GA] (110th-115th)Johnson, Mike [R-LA] (115th)Johnson, Sam [R-TX] (102nd-115th)Jones, Walter B., Jr. [R-NC] (104th-115th)Jordan, Jim [R-OH] (110th-115th)Joyce, David P. [R-OH] (113th-115th)Kaptur, Marcy [D-OH] (98th-115th)Katko, John [R-NY] (114th-115th)Keating, William R. [D-MA] (112th-115th)Kelly, Mike [R-PA] (112th-115th)Kelly, Robin L. [D-IL] (113th-115th)Kelly, Trent [R-MS] (114th-115th)Kennedy, Joseph P., III [D-MA] (113th-115th)Khanna, Ro [D-CA] (115th)Kihuen, Ruben J. [D-NV] (115th)Kildee, Daniel T. [D-MI] (113th-115th)Kilmer, Derek [D-WA] (113th-115th)Kind, Ron [D-WI] (105th-115th)King, Peter T. [R-NY] (103rd-115th)King, Steve [R-IA] (108th-115th)Kinzinger, Adam [R-IL] (112th-115th)Knight, Stephen [R-CA] (114th-115th)Krishnamoorthi, Raja [D-IL] (115th)Kuster, Ann M. [D-NH] (113th-115th)Kustoff, David [R-TN] (115th)Labrador, Raul R. [R-ID] (112th-115th)LaHood, Darin [R-IL] (114th-115th)LaMalfa, Doug [R-CA] (113th-115th)Lamb, Conor [D-PA] (115th)Lamborn, Doug [R-CO] (110th-115th)Lance, Leonard [R-NJ] (111th-115th)Langevin, James R. [D-RI] (107th-115th)Larsen, Rick [D-WA] (107th-115th)Larson, John B. [D-CT] (106th-115th)Latta, Robert E. [R-OH] (110th-115th)Lawrence, Brenda L. [D-MI] (114th-115th)Lawson, Al, Jr. [D-FL] (115th)Lee, Barbara [D-CA] (105th-115th)Lesko, Debbie [R-AZ] (115th)Levin, Sander M. [D-MI] (98th-115th)Lewis, Jason [R-MN] (115th)Lewis, John [D-GA] (100th-115th)Lieu, Ted [D-CA] (114th-115th)Lipinski, Daniel [D-IL] (109th-115th)LoBiondo, Frank A. [R-NJ] (104th-115th)Loebsack, David [D-IA] (110th-115th)Lofgren, Zoe [D-CA] (104th-115th)Long, Billy [R-MO] (112th-115th)Loudermilk, Barry [R-GA] (114th-115th)Love, Mia B. [R-UT] (114th-115th)Lowenthal, Alan S. [D-CA] (113th-115th)Lowey, Nita M. [D-NY] (101st-115th)Lucas, Frank D. [R-OK] (103rd-115th)Luetkemeyer, Blaine [R-MO] (111th-115th)Lujan, Ben Ray [D-NM] (111th-115th)Lujan Grisham, Michelle [D-NM] (113th-115th)Lynch, Stephen F. [D-MA] (107th-115th)MacArthur, Thomas [R-NJ] (114th-115th)Maloney, Carolyn B. [D-NY] (103rd-115th)Maloney, Sean Patrick [D-NY] (113th-115th)Marchant, Kenny [R-TX] (109th-115th)Marino, Tom [R-PA] (112th-115th)Marshall, Roger W. [R-KS] (115th)Massie, Thomas [R-KY] (112th-115th)Mast, Brian J. [R-FL] (115th)Matsui, Doris O. [D-CA] (109th-115th)McCarthy, Kevin [R-CA] (110th-115th)McCaul, Michael T. [R-TX] (109th-115th)McClintock, Tom [R-CA] (111th-115th)McCollum, Betty [D-MN] (107th-115th)McEachin, A. Donald [D-VA] (115th)McGovern, James P. [D-MA] (105th-115th)McHenry, Patrick T. [R-NC] (109th-115th)McKinley, David B. [R-WV] (112th-115th)McMorris Rodgers, Cathy [R-WA] (109th-115th)McNerney, Jerry [D-CA] (110th-115th)McSally, Martha [R-AZ] (114th-115th)Meadows, Mark [R-NC] (113th-115th)Meehan, Patrick [R-PA] (112th-115th)Meeks, Gregory W. [D-NY] (105th-115th)Meng, Grace [D-NY] (113th-115th)Messer, Luke [R-IN] (113th-115th)Mitchell, Paul [R-MI] (115th)Moolenaar, John R. [R-MI] (114th-115th)Mooney, Alexander X. [R-WV] (114th-115th)Moore, Gwen [D-WI] (109th-115th)Moulton, Seth [D-MA] (114th-115th)Mullin, Markwayne [R-OK] (113th-115th)Mulvaney, Mick [R-SC] (112th-115th)Murphy, Stephanie N. [D-FL] (115th)Murphy, Tim [R-PA] (108th-115th)Nadler, Jerrold [D-NY] (102nd-115th)Napolitano, Grace F. [D-CA] (106th-115th)Neal, Richard E. [D-MA] (101st-115th)Newhouse, Dan [R-WA] (114th-115th)Noem, Kristi L. [R-SD] (112th-115th)Nolan, Richard M. [D-MN] (94th-96th,113th-115th)Norcross, Donald [D-NJ] (113th-115th)Norman, Ralph [R-SC] (115th)Norton, Eleanor Holmes [D-DC] (102nd-115th)Nunes, Devin [R-CA] (108th-115th)O'Halleran, Tom [D-AZ] (115th)O'Rourke, Beto [D-TX] (113th-115th)Olson, Pete [R-TX] (111th-115th)Palazzo, Steven M. [R-MS] (112th-115th)Pallone, Frank, Jr. [D-NJ] (100th-115th)Palmer, Gary J. [R-AL] (114th-115th)Panetta, Jimmy [D-CA] (115th)Pascrell, Bill, Jr. [D-NJ] (105th-115th)Paulsen, Erik [R-MN] (111th-115th)Payne, Donald M., Jr. [D-NJ] (112th-115th)Pearce, Stevan [R-NM] (108th-110th,112th-115th)Pelosi, Nancy [D-CA] (100th-115th)Perlmutter, Ed [D-CO] (110th-115th)Perry, Scott [R-PA] (113th-115th)Peters, Scott H. [D-CA] (113th-115th)Peterson, Collin C. [D-MN] (102nd-115th)Pingree, Chellie [D-ME] (111th-115th)Pittenger, Robert [R-NC] (113th-115th)Plaskett, Stacey E. [D-VI] (114th-115th)Pocan, Mark [D-WI] (113th-115th)Poe, Ted [R-TX] (109th-115th)Poliquin, Bruce [R-ME] (114th-115th)Polis, Jared [D-CO] (111th-115th)Pompeo, Mike [R-KS] (112th-115th)Posey, Bill [R-FL] (111th-115th)Price, David E. [D-NC] (100th-103rd,105th-115th)Price, Tom [R-GA] (109th-115th)Quigley, Mike [D-IL] (111th-115th)Radewagen, Aumua Amata Coleman [R-AS] (114th-115th)Raskin, Jamie [D-MD] (115th)Ratcliffe, John [R-TX] (114th-115th)Reed, Tom [R-NY] (111th-115th)Reichert, David G. [R-WA] (109th-115th)Renacci, James B. [R-OH] (112th-115th)Rice, Kathleen M. [D-NY] (114th-115th)Rice, Tom [R-SC] (113th-115th)Richmond, Cedric L. [D-LA] (112th-115th)Roby, Martha [R-AL] (112th-115th)Roe, David P. [R-TN] (111th-115th)Rogers, Harold [R-KY] (97th-115th)Rogers, Mike D. [R-AL] (108th-115th)Rohrabacher, Dana [R-CA] (101st-115th)Rokita, Todd [R-IN] (112th-115th)Rooney, Francis [R-FL] (115th)Rooney, Thomas J. [R-FL] (111th-115th)Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana [R-FL] (101st-115th)Rosen, Jacky [D-NV] (115th)Roskam, Peter J. [R-IL] (110th-115th)Ross, Dennis A. [R-FL] (112th-115th)Rothfus, Keith J. [R-PA] (113th-115th)Rouzer, David [R-NC] (114th-115th)Roybal-Allard, Lucille [D-CA] (103rd-115th)Royce, Edward R. [R-CA] (103rd-115th)Ruiz, Raul [D-CA] (113th-115th)Ruppersberger, C. A. Dutch [D-MD] (108th-115th)Rush, Bobby L. [D-IL] (103rd-115th)Russell, Steve [R-OK] (114th-115th)Rutherford, John H. [R-FL] (115th)Ryan, Paul D. [R-WI] (106th-115th)Ryan, Tim [D-OH] (108th-115th)Sablan, Gregorio Kilili Camacho [D-MP] (111th-115th)Sanchez, Linda T. [D-CA] (108th-115th)Sanford, Mark [R-SC] (104th-106th,113th-115th)Sarbanes, John P. [D-MD] (110th-115th)Scalise, Steve [R-LA] (110th-115th)Schakowsky, Janice D. [D-IL] (106th-115th)Schiff, Adam B. [D-CA] (107th-115th)Schneider, Bradley Scott [D-IL] (113th,115th)Schrader, Kurt [D-OR] (111th-115th)Schweikert, David [R-AZ] (112th-115th)Scott, Austin [R-GA] (112th-115th)Scott, David [D-GA] (108th-115th)Scott, Robert C. "Bobby" [D-VA] (103rd-115th)Sensenbrenner, F. James, Jr. [R-WI] (96th-115th)Serrano, Jose E. [D-NY] (101st-115th)Sessions, Pete [R-TX] (105th-115th)Sewell, Terri A. [D-AL] (112th-115th)Shea-Porter, Carol [D-NH] (110th-111th,113th,115th)Sherman, Brad [D-CA] (105th-115th)Shimkus, John [R-IL] (105th-115th)Shuster, Bill [R-PA] (107th-115th)Simpson, Michael K. [R-ID] (106th-115th)Sinema, Kyrsten [D-AZ] (113th-115th)Sires, Albio [D-NJ] (109th-115th)Slaughter, Louise McIntosh [D-NY] (100th-115th)Smith, Adam [D-WA] (105th-115th)Smith, Adrian [R-NE] (110th-115th)Smith, Christopher H. [R-NJ] (97th-115th)Smith, Jason [R-MO] (113th-115th)Smith, Lamar [R-TX] (100th-115th)Smucker, Lloyd [R-PA] (115th)Soto, Darren [D-FL] (115th)Speier, Jackie [D-CA] (110th-115th)Stefanik, Elise M. [R-NY] (114th-115th)Stewart, Chris [R-UT] (113th-115th)Stivers, Steve [R-OH] (112th-115th)Suozzi, Thomas R. [D-NY] (115th)Swalwell, Eric [D-CA] (113th-115th)Takano, Mark [D-CA] (113th-115th)Taylor, Scott [R-VA] (115th)Tenney, Claudia [R-NY] (115th)Thompson, Bennie G. [D-MS] (103rd-115th)Thompson, Glenn [R-PA] (111th-115th)Thompson, Mike [D-CA] (106th-115th)Thornberry, Mac [R-TX] (104th-115th)Tiberi, Patrick J. [R-OH] (107th-115th)Tipton, Scott  R. [R-CO] (112th-115th)Titus, Dina [D-NV] (111th,113th-115th)Tonko, Paul [D-NY] (111th-115th)Torres, Norma J. [D-CA] (114th-115th)Trott, David A. [R-MI] (114th-115th)Tsongas, Niki [D-MA] (110th-115th)Turner, Michael R. [R-OH] (108th-115th)Upton, Fred [R-MI] (100th-115th)Valadao, David G. [R-CA] (113th-115th)Vargas, Juan [D-CA] (113th-115th)Veasey, Marc A. [D-TX] (113th-115th)Vela, Filemon [D-TX] (113th-115th)Velazquez, Nydia M. [D-NY] (103rd-115th)Visclosky, Peter J. [D-IN] (99th-115th)Wagner, Ann [R-MO] (113th-115th)Walberg, Tim [R-MI] (110th,112th-115th)Walden, Greg [R-OR] (106th-115th)Walker, Mark [R-NC] (114th-115th)Walorski, Jackie [R-IN] (113th-115th)Walters, Mimi [R-CA] (114th-115th)Walz, Timothy J. [D-MN] (110th-115th)Wasserman Schultz, Debbie [D-FL] (109th-115th)Waters, Maxine [D-CA] (102nd-115th)Watson Coleman, Bonnie [D-NJ] (114th-115th)Weber, Randy K., Sr. [R-TX] (113th-115th)Webster, Daniel [R-FL] (112th-115th)Welch, Peter [D-VT] (110th-115th)Wenstrup, Brad R. [R-OH] (113th-115th)Westerman, Bruce [R-AR] (114th-115th)Williams, Roger [R-TX] (113th-115th)Wilson, Frederica S. [D-FL] (112th-115th)Wilson, Joe [R-SC] (107th-115th)Wittman, Robert J. [R-VA] (110th-115th)Womack, Steve [R-AR] (112th-115th)Woodall, Rob [R-GA] (112th-115th)Yarmuth, John A. [D-KY] (110th-115th)Yoder, Kevin [R-KS] (112th-115th)Yoho, Ted S. [R-FL] (113th-115th)Young, David [R-IA] (114th-115th)Young, Don [R-AK] (93rd-115th)Zeldin, Lee M. [R-NY] (114th-115th)Zinke, Ryan K. [R-MT] (114th-115th)                                             Any Senator                     Alexander, Lamar [R-TN] (108th-115th)Baldwin, Tammy [D-WI] (106th-115th)Barrasso, John [R-WY] (110th-115th)Bennet, Michael F. [D-CO] (111th-115th)Blumenthal, Richard [D-CT] (112th-115th)Blunt, Roy [R-MO] (105th-115th)Booker, Cory A. [D-NJ] (113th-115th)Boozman, John [R-AR] (107th-115th)Brown, Sherrod [D-OH] (103rd-115th)Burr, Richard [R-NC] (104th-115th)Cantwell, Maria [D-WA] (103rd,107th-115th)Capito, Shelley Moore [R-WV] (107th-115th)Cardin, Benjamin L. [D-MD] (100th-115th)Carper, Thomas R. [D-DE] (98th-102nd,107th-115th)Casey, Robert P., Jr. [D-PA] (110th-115th)Cassidy, Bill [R-LA] (111th-115th)Cochran, Thad [R-MS] (93rd-115th)Collins, Susan M. [R-ME] (105th-115th)Coons, Christopher A. [D-DE] (111th-115th)Corker, Bob [R-TN] (110th-115th)Cornyn, John [R-TX] (107th-115th)Cortez Masto, Catherine  [D-NV] (115th)Cotton, Tom [R-AR] (113th-115th)Crapo, Mike [R-ID] (103rd-115th)Cruz, Ted [R-TX] (113th-115th)Daines, Steve [R-MT] (113th-115th)Donnelly, Joe [D-IN] (110th-115th)Duckworth, Tammy [D-IL] (113th-115th)Durbin, Richard J. [D-IL] (98th-115th)Enzi, Michael B. [R-WY] (105th-115th)Ernst, Joni  [R-IA] (114th-115th)Feinstein, Dianne [D-CA] (102nd-115th)Fischer, Deb [R-NE] (113th-115th)Flake, Jeff [R-AZ] (107th-115th)Franken, Al [D-MN] (111th-115th)Gardner, Cory [R-CO] (112th-115th)Gillibrand, Kirsten E. [D-NY] (110th-115th)Graham, Lindsey [R-SC] (104th-115th)Grassley, Chuck [R-IA] (94th-115th)Harris, Kamala D. [D-CA] (115th)Hassan, Margaret Wood [D-NH] (115th)Hatch, Orrin G. [R-UT] (95th-115th)Heinrich, Martin [D-NM] (111th-115th)Heitkamp, Heidi [D-ND] (113th-115th)Heller, Dean [R-NV] (110th-115th)Hirono, Mazie K. [D-HI] (110th-115th)Hoeven, John [R-ND] (112th-115th)Hyde-Smith, Cindy [R-MS] (115th)Inhofe, James M. [R-OK] (100th-115th)Isakson, Johnny [R-GA] (106th-115th)Johnson, Ron [R-WI] (112th-115th)Jones, Doug  [D-AL] (115th)Kaine, Tim [D-VA] (113th-115th)Kennedy, John [R-LA] (115th)King, Angus S., Jr. [I-ME] (113th-115th)Klobuchar, Amy [D-MN] (110th-115th)Lankford, James [R-OK] (112th-115th)Leahy, Patrick J. [D-VT] (94th-115th)Lee, Mike [R-UT] (112th-115th)Manchin, Joe, III [D-WV] (111th-115th)Markey, Edward J. [D-MA] (95th-115th)McCain, John [R-AZ] (98th-115th)McCaskill, Claire [D-MO] (110th-115th)McConnell, Mitch [R-KY] (99th-115th)Menendez, Robert [D-NJ] (103rd-115th)Merkley, Jeff [D-OR] (111th-115th)Moran, Jerry [R-KS] (105th-115th)Murkowski, Lisa [R-AK] (108th-115th)Murphy, Christopher [D-CT] (110th-115th)Murray, Patty [D-WA] (103rd-115th)Nelson, Bill [D-FL] (96th-101st,107th-115th)Paul, Rand [R-KY] (112th-115th)Perdue, David [R-GA] (114th-115th)Peters, Gary C. [D-MI] (111th-115th)Portman, Rob [R-OH] (103rd-109th,112th-115th)Reed, Jack [D-RI] (102nd-115th)Risch, James E. [R-ID] (111th-115th)Roberts, Pat [R-KS] (97th-115th)Rounds, Mike  [R-SD] (114th-115th)Rubio, Marco [R-FL] (112th-115th)Sanders, Bernard [I-VT] (102nd-115th)Sasse, Ben  [R-NE] (114th-115th)Schatz, Brian [D-HI] (112th-115th)Schumer, Charles E. [D-NY] (97th-115th)Scott, Tim [R-SC] (112th-115th)Sessions, Jeff [R-AL] (105th-115th)Shaheen, Jeanne [D-NH] (111th-115th)Shelby, Richard C. [R-AL] (96th-115th)Smith, Tina  [D-MN] (115th)Stabenow, Debbie [D-MI] (105th-115th)Strange, Luther [R-AL] (115th)Sullivan, Dan  [R-AK] (114th-115th)Tester, Jon [D-MT] (110th-115th)Thune, John [R-SD] (105th-107th,109th-115th)Tillis, Thom [R-NC] (114th-115th)Toomey, Pat [R-PA] (106th-108th,112th-115th)Udall, Tom [D-NM] (106th-115th)Van Hollen, Chris [D-MD] (108th-115th)Warner, Mark R. [D-VA] (111th-115th)Warren, Elizabeth [D-MA] (113th-115th)Whitehouse, Sheldon [D-RI] (110th-115th)Wicker, Roger F. [R-MS] (104th-115th)Wyden, Ron [D-OR] (97th-115th)Young, Todd C. [R-IN] (112th-115th)                    
                     Any House Committees                 Agriculture (70th-115th)Appropriations (70th-115th)Armed Services (79th-115th)Budget (93rd-115th)Education and the Workforce (70th-115th)Energy and Commerce (70th-115th)Ethics (90th-115th)Financial Services (70th-115th)Foreign Affairs (70th-115th)Homeland Security (107th-115th)House Administration (79th-115th)Intelligence (Permanent Select) (94th-115th)Judiciary (70th-115th)Natural Resources (70th-115th)Oversight and Government Reform (70th-115th)Rules (70th-115th)Science, Space, and Technology (86th-115th)Small Business (77th-115th)Transportation and Infrastructure (79th-115th)Veterans' Affairs (79th-115th)Ways and Means (70th-115th)                                     Any Senate Committees                 Aging (Special) (87th-115th)Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry (70th-115th)Appropriations (70th-115th)Armed Services (79th-115th)Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs (70th-115th)Budget (93rd-115th)Commerce, Science, and Transportation (79th-115th)Energy and Natural Resources (70th-115th)Environment and Public Works (79th-115th)Ethics (88th-115th)Finance (70th-115th)Foreign Relations (70th-115th)Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (70th-115th)Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (70th-115th)Indian Affairs (95th-115th)Intelligence (94th-115th)Judiciary (70th-115th)Rules and Administration (79th-115th)Small Business and Entrepreneurship (81st-115th)Veterans' Affairs (91st-115th)                

S.2779 - Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Amendment Act of 2018115th Congress (2017-2018) | Get alerts

Sponsor: Sen. Flake, Jeff [R-AZ] (Introduced 04/26/2018)
Committees: Senate - Foreign Relations
Latest Action: 08/01/2018 Presented to President.  (All Actions)


This bill has the status To President

Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  1. Introduced
  2. Passed Senate
  3. Passed House
  4. To President
  5. Became Law

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President Donald J. Trump Signs S. 2779 into Law

Issued on: August 8, 2018

On Wednesday, August 8, 2018, the President signed into law:

S. 2779, the “Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Amendment Act of 2018,” which amends the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001.

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Short version please—what does this passing of law by Trump mean, and why was Trump involved in ZIM affairs? 


Thanks ahead of time....

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America is creating an opportunity for Zimbabwe to right the wrongs of Mugabe and move back into the International community . The Indengisation Law 

  • Confused 1

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6 hours ago, blueskyline said:

America is creating an opportunity for Zimbabwe to right the wrongs of Mugabe and move back into the International community . The Indengisation Law 


 “Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Amendment Act of 2018,”:confused::blink:

Man, my head is just spinning fast right now:facepalm:.........just give it to us straight Blue, the Zim might be back on the table soon you think? :calculator::confused::confused2:


Edited by Freedomwish
I need another bottle of Rum, fast!!

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3 hours ago, Freedomwish said:


 “Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Amendment Act of 2018,”:confused::blink:

Man, my head is just spinning fast right now:facepalm:.........just give it to us straight Blue, the Zim might be back on the table soon you think? :calculator::confused::confused2:


There have been reports that the country, under President Emmerson Mnangagwa, is looking to re-introduce the currency as the country starts rebuilding its economy.....The old notes are now defunct as stated . It's up to the Zimbabwe Central Bank to announce monetary policy going forward . We wait and see .

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