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Butifldrm

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  1. The Petrodollar Is Under Attack: Here's What You Need To Know by Tyler Durden Sep 21, 2017 4:25 PM 95 SHARES TwitterFacebookReddit Authored by Darius Shatahmasebi via TheAntiMedia.org, Once upon a time, the U.S. dollar was backed by the gold standard in a framework that established what was known as the Bretton-Woods agreement, made in 1944. The dollar was fixed to gold at a price of $35 an ounce, though the dollar could earn interest, marking one notable difference from gold. The system ended up being short-lived, as President Richard Nixon announced that the U.S. would be abandoning the gold standard in 1971. Instead, the U.S. had other plans for the future of global markets. As the Huffington Post has explained, the Nixon Administration reached a deal with Saudi Arabia: This system became known as the Petrodollar Recycling system because countries like Saudi Arabia would have to invest excess profits back into the U.S. It didn’t take long for every single member of OPEC to start trading oil in U.S. dollars. A little-known economic theory, rejected by the mainstream, stipulates that Washington’s stranglehold over financial markets can be at least partially explained by the fact that all oil exports are conducted in transactions involving the U.S. dollar. This relationship between oil and currency arguably gives the dollar its value, as this paradigm requires all exporting and importing countries to maintain a certain stock of U.S. dollars, adding to the dollar’s value. As Foreign Policy – a magazine that rejects the theory – explains: The term “those wishing to buy oil” encompasses almost every single country that does not have an oil supply of its own – hardly a trivial number. An endless demand for dollars means an endless supply, and the United States can print as much paper as it wants to account for its imperial ambitions. No other country in the world can do this. In 2000, Iraq announced it would no longer use U.S. dollars to sell oil on the global market. It adopted the euro, instead, which was no easy decision to make. However, by February 2003, the Guardian reported that Iraq had netted a “handsome profit” after making this policy change. Anyone who rejects this petrodollar theory should be able to answer the following question: if currency is not an important factor in America’s imperialist adventures, why was the U.S. so intent on invading a country (based on cold, hard lies), only to make it a priority to switch the sale of oil back to dollars? If they cared so much about Iraq and its people, as we were supposed to have believed, why not allow Iraq to continue netting a “handsome profit”? In Libya, Muammar Gaddafi was punished for a similar proposal that would have created a unified African currency backed by gold, which would have been used to buy and sell African oil. Hillarious Clinton’s leaked emails confirmed this was the main reason Gaddafi was overthrown, though commentators continue to ignore and reject the theory. Despite these denials, Clinton’s leaked emails made it clear that Gaddafi’s plan for the future of African oil exports was a priority for the U.S. and its NATO cohorts, more so than Gaddafi’s alleged human rights abuses. This is the same Hillarious Clinton who openly laughed when Gaddafi was sodomized and murdered, displaying no regrets that she single-handedly plunged a very rich and prosperous nation into a complete state of chaos. At the start of this month, Venezuela announced it would soon “free” itself from the dollar. Barely a week or so later, the Wall Street Journal reported that Venezuela had stopped accepting dollars for oil payments in response to U.S. sanctions. Venezuela sits on the world’s largest oil reserves. Donald Trump’s threats of unilateral military intervention — combined with the CIA’s admission that it will interfere in the oil-rich country — may make a lot more sense in this context. Iran has also been using alternative currencies — like the Chinese yuan — for some time now. It also shares a lucrative gas field with Qatar, which could be days away from ditching the dollar, as well. Qatar has reportedly already been conducting billions of dollars’ worth of transactions in the yuan. Just recently, Qatar and Iran restored full diplomatic relations in a complete snub to the U.S. and its allies. It is no surprise, then, that both countries have been vilified on the international stage, particularly under the Trump administration. In the latest dig to the U.S. dollar and global financial hegemony, the Times of Israel reported that a Chinese state-owned investment firm has provided a $10 billion credit line to Iranian banks, which will specifically use yuan and euros to bypass U.S.-led sanctions. Consider that in August 2015, then-Secretary of State John Kerry warned that if the U.S. walked away from the nuclear deal with Iran and forced its allies to comply with U.S.-led sanctions, it would be a “recipe, very quickly…for the American dollar to cease to be the reserve currency of the world.” Iran, bound to Syria by a mutual-defense pact, was reportedly working to establish a natural gas pipeline that would run through Iraq and Syria with the aim of exporting gas to European markets, cutting off Washington and its allies completely. This was, of course, in 2009 — before the Syrian war began. Such a pipeline deal, now with Russia’s continued air support and military presence, could entail the emergence of a whole new market that could easily be linked to the euro, or any other currency for that matter, instead of the dollar. According to Russian state-owned outlet RT, the Kremlin’s website announced Tuesday that Russian President Vladimir Putin has also instructed the government to approve legislation to ditch the U.S. dollar at all Russian seaports by next year. Further, the Asia Times explains that Putin dropped an enormous “bombshell” at the recent BRICS summit in Xiamen early September, stating: According to the Asia Times author, the statement was code-speak for how BRICS countries will look to bypass the U.S. dollar as well as the petrodollar. China is also on board with this proposal. Soon, China will launch a crude oil futures contract priced in Chinese yuan that will be completely convertible into gold. As reported by the Nikkei Asian Review, analysts have called this move a “game-changer” for the oil industry. Both Russia and China have been buying up huge quantities of gold for some time now. Russia’s present gold reserves would back 27 percent of the narrow ruble money supply – far in excess of any other major country. The United States’ Federal Reserve admitted years ago that they haven’t held any gold for a very long time. China is also implementing a monumental project, known as the Silk Road project, which is a major push to create a permanent trade route connecting China, Africa, and Europe. One must wonder much control over these transactions will the U.S. have. These are just a few of the latest developments that have affected the dollar. Can those continue to reject this petrodollar-related theory answer the following questions with confidence: Is it a coincidence that all of the countries listed above as moving away from the dollar are long-time adversaries of the United States, including the ones that were invaded? Is it a coincidence that Saudi Arabia gets a free pass to commit a host of criminal actions as it complies with the global financial order? Are Saudi Arabia’s concerns with Qatar really rooted in the latter’s alleged funding of terror groups even though Saudi Arabia leads the world in funding the world’s most vile terror groups? Clearly, there is something far more sinister at play here, and whether or not it is tied solely to a deranged, psychopathic currency warfare will remain to be seen. The evidence continues to show, however, that the U.S. dollar is slowly being eroded piece by piece and ounce by ounce — and that as these adversarial countries make these developments in unison, there appears to be little the U.S. can do without risking an all-out world war. http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-21/petrodollar-under-attack-heres-what-you-need-know
  2. #WORLD NEWS SEPTEMBER 21, 2017 / 5:37 AM / UPDATED AN HOUR AGO Turkey, Iran, Iraq consider counter-measures over Kurdish referendum: Anadolu Reuters Staff 2 MIN READ ANKARA (Reuters) - Turkey, Iran and Iraq have agreed to consider counter-measures against Kurdish northern Iraq over a planned independence referendum, Turkey’s state-run Anadolu news agency said on Thursday. In a joint statement, the foreign ministers of the three countries voiced concerns that the referendum would endanger gains Iraq has made against Islamic state, and reiterated worries of potential new conflicts in the region, Anadolu said. “The ministers underlined that the referendum will not benefit the Kurds or the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) in northern Iraq, and in this light, agreed to consider counter-measures in cooperation with each other,” the statement said. The Anadolu report gave no details of the possible measures but said the ministers, who were in New York attending the United Nations General Assembly, called on the international community to intervene. Turkey’s President Tayyip Erdogan has threatened to impose sanctions against Kurdish northern Iraq. Turkish troops are also carrying out military exercises near the border. The central government in Baghdad, Iraq’s neighbors and Western powers fear the vote could divide the country and spark a wider regional conflict, after Arabs and Kurds cooperated to dislodge Islamic State from its stronghold in Mosul. But the Kurds say they are determined to go ahead with the vote, which, though non-binding, could trigger the process of separation in a country already divided along sectarian and ethnic lines. Anadolu said Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif, and their Iraqi counterpart Ibrahim al-Jaafari had voiced their “complete determination” to maintain Iraq’s territorial and political integrity. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-kurds-referendum-minis/turkey-iran-iraq-consider-counter-measures-over-kurdish-referendum-anadolu-idUSKCN1BW1EA
  3. Clear Signal: Turkey Holds Drill on Iraqi Border As as Kurdish Referendum Nears WORLD 16:21 20.09.2017(updated 16:29 20.09.2017)Get short URL 0 12510 The massive military drills launched by Ankara on the Iraqi border are an unambiguous statement of its readiness to respond to a threat, which may emerge after the Kurdish vote on September 25, experts told Sputnik adding that the situation risks degrading to chaos and escalation. Commenting on the on the exercises which kicked off on Tuesday, former Turkish ambassador to Iraq, Unal Cevikoz, told Sputnik that Ankara’s toughened rhetoric was an attempt to keep the country’s Kurds under control and was simultaneously sending a clear signal to the Kurdistan Regional Government in Iraq (KRGI). “I believe that attempts to thwart the upcoming plebiscite are dangerous and will only add to what is already a very difficult situation. KRGI leader Masoud Barzani said he will not give up on the idea [of holding a referendum] even though Ankara and Baghdad are against it. Russia, the US and the rest of the international community also believe that the referendum is premature, but the KRGI says it will not back off,” Cevikos told Sputnik Turkey. © AFP 2017/ SAFIN HAMED Tehran Calls on Baghdad, Iraqi Kurds to Discuss Looming Kurdistan Referendum He warned against any attempts to bring the situation to a head, but said that the ongoing Turkish military exercises on the Iraqi border were doing exactly that. “We all know that an independent Kurdistan will not appear the day after the September 25 referendum, and that any attempts to prevent it from happening are fraught with serious security threats to the region. What we need is a post-referendum dialogue between Erbil and Baghdad to prevent a crackdown on Turkish Kurds and an increase in tensions inside Turkey,” Unal Cevikoz emphasized. Abdullah Agar, an ex-Turkish commando and a counterterrorism expert, welcomed the ongoing military drill on the Iraqi border as a sign of Ankara’s desire to pre-empt any “surprise developments” in the region, including the upcoming referendum. “To prevent any potential chaos developing in the region and the impact it could have on Turkey and its allied communities in Iraq, Ankara is trying to stabilize the situation inside the country and also in Iraq and Syria. We realize that while doing this we could be forced to resort to a military intervention abroad,” Agar noted. © REUTERS/ RALPH ORLOWSKI Kurds' Two Main Parties Agreed on Holding Independence Referendum in 2017 He added that the Turkish military drill was being held to show Ankara’s readiness to handle any threats to its national security and its future. The Turkish armed forces launched a military drill on the Iraqi border ahead of the September 25 independence referendum set by the Kurdistan Regional Government in Iraq and following a stern warning by Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim of “a lightning response to any internal or external threat to our national security.” https://sputniknews.com/world/201709201057553996-turkey-kurds-referendum/
  4. Iran: Kurdish independence to ‘create another Israel’ – Ayatollah Jannati By News Desk - 20/09/2017 1 Hardline conservative Chairman of Assembly of Experts Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati asserted that Kurdistan’s bid for independence from Iraq is an attempt to “disintegrate” and “create another Israel” in the region, speaking at a session of the Assembly of Experts of Leadership in Tehran, Tuesday. Jannati stressed that “today’s important issue about Kurdistan is the climate that they want to disintegrate there and create another Israel in this region.” He went on to call on the Assembly of Experts to “strongly stand up against them because this situation is the demand of the US, Saudi Arabia and Israel,” which he said “are trying to weaken the region.” Commenting on the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, Jannati noted that it was “a poisonous arrow, shot amid the hypocritically friendly smiles of the enemy.” Iran’s Assembly of Experts (the Assembly of Experts of the Leadership/the Council of Experts) is a high-ranking body, which elects the Supreme Leader of Iran and supervises his activities. The Assembly of Experts consists of 88 members who are directly elected by the public for an eight-year period. https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/iran-kurdish-independence-create-another-israel-ayatollah-jannati/
  5. Maliki: We will not allow the establishment of another Israel in northern Iraq By News Desk - 19/09/2017 0 Kurdistan Region’s parliament has fired back at Iraqi Vice President Nouri al-Maliki after remarks he made on Israeli support of the region’s planned referendum on independence from Iraq. Following a meeting with U.S. ambassador to Baghdad, Douglas A. Silliman, Maliki said in a statement that the referendum, slated for September 25th has to be “cancelled or postponed for being unconstitutional,” adding that the controversial vote does not serve Iraqis’ or Kurds’ interests. “We will not allow the establishment of another Israel in northern Iraq,” he said in the statement. He was presumably alluding to Tel Aviv’s open, official support for the anticipated poll. Reacting to the statements, Kurdish parliament’s deputy speaker Jaafar Imniki said in a statement that Maliki’s remarks “come from a unique dictator who is the source of all atrocities and tragedies that had befallen Iraqis,” as he put it. Israeli premier Benjamin Netanyahu had said his country had a “positive attitude” towards Kurds’ secession plans. Maliki has been a vocal opponent to the referendum. Kurdistan Region slated a vote on independence from the central government in Baghdad for September 25th, and has, since then, defied calls from Baghdad to postpone the measure. Baghdad’s government has warned against the move repeatedly, with Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi warning of an army intervention if a “yes” vote results in violence. Kurdistan gained official autonomous governance based on the 2005 constitution, but is still considered a part of Iraq. The region was created in 1970 based on an agreement with the Iraqi government, ending years of conflicts. Earlier this month, the Iraqi parliament voted against Kurdish secession plans. https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/maliki-will-not-allow-establishment-another-israel-northern-iraq/
  6. Putin orders to end trade in US dollars at Russian seaports Published time: 19 Sep, 2017 13:41 Get short URL Novorossiysk commercial sea port © Vladimir Astapkovich / Sputnik 16K101 Russian President Vladimir Putin has instructed the government to approve legislation making the ruble the main currency of exchange at all Russian seaports by next year, according to the Kremlin website. Read more Russia cutting dependence on US dollar – economy minister To protect the interests of stevedoring companies with foreign currency obligations, the government was instructed to set a transition period before switching to ruble settlements. According to the head of Russian antitrust watchdog FAS Igor Artemyev, many services in Russian seaports are still priced in US dollars, even though such ports are state-owned. The proposal to switch port tariffs to rubles was first proposed by the president a year and a half ago. The idea was not embraced by large transport companies, which would like to keep revenues in dollars and other foreign currencies because of fluctuations in the ruble. Artemyev said the decision will force foreigners to buy Russian currency, which is good for the ruble. In 2016, his agency filed several lawsuits against the largest Russian port group NMTP. According to FAS, the group of companies set tariffs for transshipment in dollars and raised tariffs from January 2015 "without objective grounds." The watchdog ruled that NMTP abused its dominant position in the market and imposed a 9.74 billion rubles fine, or about $165 million at the current exchange rate. The decision was overturned by a court in Moscow in July this year. https://www.rt.com/business/403804-russian-sea-ports-ruble-settlements/
  7. Putin Orders End To US Dollar Trade At Russian Seaports by Tyler Durden Sep 19, 2017 4:10 PM 237 SHARES TwitterFacebookReddit Whether in response to rising scorching tensions with the US, or simply to provide support for the ruble, on Tuesday Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed the government to approve legislation making the ruble the main currency of exchange at all Russian seaports by next year, RT reported citing the Kremlin website. The head of Russian antitrust watchdog FAS Igor Artemyev, many services in Russian seaports are still priced in US dollars, even though such ports are state-owned. So, in order to "protect the interests" of dockworkers and their complyees with foreign currency obligations, the government was instructed to set a transition period before switching to ruble settlements. The commercial sea port of Novorossiysk The proposal to switch port tariffs to rubles was first proposed by Putin a year and a half ago, but it was mothballed only to pick up speed again in recent days. Originally, the idea was rejected by large transport companies, which said they prefer to keep revenues in dollars and other foreign currencies due to sharp fluctuations on the volatile ruble. However, the Russian anti-trust watchdog said the decision would force foreigners to buy Russian currency, which would stabilize rates and be good for the ruble. In 2016, Artemyev's agency filed several lawsuits against the largest Russian port group NMTP. While Russia's stated motive for the unexpected redenomination of trade at some of its largest trading hubs has to do with domestic economic policies, there is speculation that the timing of this decision has been influenced by the recent diplomatic fallout between the US and Russia, the result of which would be an heightened demand for the ruble, especially since it is rather complicated to find alternative sources for Russia's largest export by a wide margin: crude. And while it is still early to discuss whether Moscow has launched the "Petrorouble", Putin's rejection of the Petrodollar in yet another aspect of economic life will raise quite a few eyebrows around the globe. http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-19/putin-orders-end-us-dollar-trade-russian-seaports
  8. The House of Representatives discusses the vote on the selection of members of the Electoral Commission September 19, 2017 27 Views The House of Representatives in its twenty-first ordinary session held under the chairmanship of Dr. Salim Jubouri, President of the Council and the presence of 170 deputies on Tuesday, 19/9/2017 vote on the selection of members of the Independent High Electoral Commission. At the outset of the meeting, President al-Jubouri stressed the importance of speeding up the issue of choosing a new electoral commission to move forward the timing of the upcoming elections, noting that the presidency of the Council is keen to discharge its duties on the selection of members of the Electoral Commission and openness to all ideas and proposals for a compromise solution. The Speaker of the House of Representatives presented to the ladies and gentlemen the options on the Electoral Commission, which is limited to approving the adoption of judges in the membership of the Board of Commissioners or approval of the report of the work of the Committee of Experts as a whole and in the absence of approval of the two options will be extended the work of the Independent High Electoral Commission for the current elections. The President of the Council asked the ladies and gentlemen to abide by the meeting in order to vote on the options presented. The council resorted to a secret ballot to choose between the adoption of the judges and the report of the work of the committee of experts to select the members of the Independent Electoral Commission for elections, but the disruption of the quorum after the vote of 139 deputies led to the cancellation of the voting process and not to announce the result. For his part, President al-Jubouri announced the discharge of the House of Representatives through the publication of the names of ladies and gentlemen MPs and to inform everyone that all options during the session were on the table, noting that the House of Representatives will be forced to extend the work of the current election commission for a month because there is no quorum necessary to reach One of the options is choosing between judges or choosing a new election commission. The Presidency decided to postpone the vote on both the proposed law amendment of the law of the High Commission Independent Electoral Commission No. (11) for the year 2007 and the proposed law of the second amendment to the law of the Independent High Electoral Commission No. (11) for the year 2007 and submitted by the Legal Committee. The meeting was then adjourned to Monday, 25 September 2017. The Iraqi Council of Representatives 19/9/2017 http://ar.parliament.iq/2017/09/19/مجلس-النواب-يناقش-التصويت-على-اختيار-ا/
  9. The House of Representatives publishes the names of the ladies and gentlemen participating in the voting on the members of the Electoral Commission September 19, 2017 18 Views The 21st session of the House of Representatives held under the chairmanship of Dr. Salim Jubouri, the President of the Council on Tuesday 19/9/2017 voted 139 deputies on two options, including the first with the Committee of Experts to choose the Board of Commissioners, the second proposal for the appointment of judges The President of the Council stressed the importance of publishing the names of ladies and gentlemen who vote Discharge. For the names click on the link ( names of ladies and gentlemen participating in the voting on members of the Electoral Commission ) http://ar.parliament.iq/2017/09/19/مجلس-النواب-ينشر-أسماء-السيدات-والساد/
  10. Iraq 's oil economy is ready to settle differences with Kurdistan Twilight News one hour ago (Reuters) - Iraqi Oil Minister Jabbar al-Luaibi said on Tuesday that he was ready for dialogue with the Kurdistan Region of Iraq to settle oil files. Al-Luaibi said his country needs oil prices between $ 55 and $ 60 a barrel in order to reach a better financial situation, according to the CNBC website. At an energy conference in the UAE earlier on Tuesday, al-Allaibi said Iraq did not see oil producers needing further cuts in crude production. http://www.shafaaq.com/ar/Ar_NewsReader/3e92a5d2-ec69-4c98-8950-81c70c5452f4
  11. Kurds sacrificed enough for independence, Baghdad won’t stop the referendum - Iraqi Kurdistan PM
  12. AP September 19, 2017, 6:03 AM Violence as Iraq tries to block Kurdish independence vote Iraqi security forces inspect the scene of a car bomb explosion that targeted a shop selling alcohol in the mainly Kurdish Iraqi city of Kirkuk, Sept. 16, 2017. The blast came as Kurdish leaders prepared to hold an independence referendum on September 25 in the face of fierce opposition from Baghdad and the Kurds' international backers. GETTY BAGHDAD -- Iraq's ethnically-mixed and contested city of Kirkuk was on a nighttime curfew on Tuesday after clashes erupted there the previous night between Kurds and Turkmen amid preparations for the controversial Kurdish independence referendum next week, a local Turkmen official said. The Iraqi Kurds plan to hold the referendum on Sept. 25 in three governorates that make up their self-ruled region, as well as in disputed areas that are controlled by Kurdish forces but claimed by Baghdad, including the oil-rich province of Kirkuk. Play VIDEO Iraqi Kurds plan vote for independence Baghdad, Turkey, Iran and the international community have rejected the vote and asked the Kurds to call it off to avoid further destabilizing the region. Shortly after sunset Monday, gunmen on motorcycles opened fire on one of the offices of the Iraqi Turkmen Front, Mohammed Samaan Kanaan, in charge of the Front's offices, told The Associated Press over the phone. The guards returned fire, killing one and wounding two of the assailants, Kanaan added. Hours later, a police patrol that included the brother of the slain assailant attacked another office, triggering clashes, Kanaan said. The fighting ended when a large ethnically mixed force reached the scene. No casualties occurred in the second bout of clashes. Local Kurdish officials and officials in Baghdad were not immediately available to comment on the clashes or the curfew. Kirkuk is home to Arabs, Kurds, Turkmen and Christians. Kurdish forces took control of the province and other disputed areas in the summer of 2014, when the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militants swept across northern and central Iraq and the Iraqi armed forces crumbled. On Monday, Iraq's top court temporarily suspended the northern Kurdish region's referendum on independence, saying it "issued a national order to suspend the referendum procedures ... until the resolution of the cases regarding the constitutionality of said decision." The move is just the latest in a number of rulings from Iraq's central government attempting to stop the vote. On Sept. 12, Iraq's parliament voted to reject the referendum and on Sept. 14, lawmakers voted to dismiss the ethnically mixed Kirkuk province's Kurdish governor who supports the referendum. Despite strong opposition from Baghdad, regional leaders and the United States - a key ally of Iraq's Kurds - Kurdish officials have continued to pledge that the vote will be held. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/iraq-kurdish-independence-referendum-plan-kirkuk-baghdad-legal-challenge/
  13. Curfew imposed in Iraqi city before Kurdish independence vote Authorities erect checkpoints and impose nighttime curfew in contested city of Kirkuk after deadly clashes People wave flags to show their support for the forthcoming independence referendum in Kirkuk, Iraq. Photograph: Ako Rasheed/Reuters View more sharing options Shares 16 Agencies in Kirkuk Tuesday 19 September 2017 06.05 EDTLast modified on Tuesday 19 September 2017 06.14 EDT Iraqi authorities in the northern city of Kirkuk have imposed a nighttime curfew to prevent a deadly dispute from developing into ethnic clashes before a referendum on Kurdish independence, local residents have said. The battle for Mosul is won. But can Iraq survive? Jonathan Steele Read more The Kurdish authorities want to hold the vote on 25 September, despite opposition from the central government in Baghdad and the region’s non-Kurdish population. The oil-rich city is also home to Arabs and Turkmen. Kurdish security and the police erected checkpoints across the city after a Kurd was killed in a clash with the guards of a Turkmen political party office. Two other Kurds and a Turkmen security guard were also wounded in the clash that broke out on Monday night when a Kurdish convoy celebrating the referendum drove past the Turkmen party office, security sources said. The Kurdish dead and wounded were among those who had been celebrating, they said. Tension in the city rose after the Kurdish-led provincial council voted this month to include it in a referendum planned by the Kurdistan regional government of northern Iraq. Kirkuk lies outside the official boundaries of the Kurdistan region and is claimed by both the Kurds and the central government in Baghdad. Kurdish peshmerga fighters seized Kirkuk and other disputed territories when the Iraqi army was defeated by Islamic State in 2014, preventing its oilfields from falling into the militants’ hands. Iran-backed Iraqi Shia militias have threatened to dislodged the peshmerga from Kirkuk should the Kurds proceed with the vote. The Kurdish authorities show no sign of bowing despite international pressure and regional threats to call off the referendum, which Baghdad claims is unconstitutional and a prelude to breaking up the country. The UN, US and other western powers fear the poll could distract attention from the fight against Isis militants occupying parts of Iraq and Syria. Iran and Turkey fear it will further unsettle their own Kurdish populations. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/19/curfew-imposed-iraqi-city-kirkuk-before-kurdish-independence-vote
  14. Presidential President Important Speaker of the House of Representatives discusses with the President of the Republic ways to support dialogue and find outputs for the referendum issue September 18, 2017 5 Views The Speaker of the House of Representatives Dr. Salim Al-Jubouri met on Monday evening with President Fuad Masoum. During the meeting, they discussed the developments on the political and security levels and ways to support the dialogue between the central government and the Kurdistan region to reach quick outputs and solutions to the issue of the referendum. The meeting also dealt with the importance of crystallizing visions shared by the Iraqi parties to confront any crisis that could occur in the future, and the need to review all the issues accumulated and agree on real solutions to them according to the Constitution. The two sides stressed the support of all laws and decisions that are aimed at improving the conditions of living and serving the citizen, and the interest in developing the economic reality of the country and activating the requirements of economic development. *** information Office To the Speaker of the Iraqi Council of Representatives 18/9/2017 http://ar.parliament.iq/2017/09/18/رئيس-مجلس-النواب-يبحث-مع-رئيس-الجمهوري/
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